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Conlanger's Swadesh List
This is our own variant on the Swadesh List. The live list is based on the most commonly added words to languages on CWS. Only the top 200 words are listed here. The indicators on the very left show the word's change in position over the last 7 days.
#EnglishWordsExample WordsYour word
#1he/she/it (3SG, see notes)2579dəy, a ma, ár, naeAeli
#2i (1SG, see notes)2526na, as, aiyng, inuNe
#3you (2SG, see notes)1931ein, moasį, yakra', nurdiek
#4one (1)1587iтs, zul, ükse, anusen
#5we (1PL, see notes)1518Elku, voert, wīs, jölop
#6two (2)1422teu, deus, sví, pidue
=eat (consume)1422knomh, comer, koā, ga'neGent'
#8language (form of communication)1385liñvuz, lanke, lon, hhuhurteolingvei
#9they (3PL, see notes)1378šö, fin, ele, Illo+ Add
#11person (human being)1305ha, szari, ens, naj+ Add
#12three (3)1266'am, mi, tris, luтsTwa
#13see (visually)1254pling, sa​ke, vedre, ʒalbera
#15and (generic)1217tou, u, a, and+ Add
#16you (2PL, see notes)1200lurem, dosõ, woi, ězeivi
#17five (5)1192fir, them, hif, βοηpir
#18tree (vegetation)1140we, duve, ledre, bienta
#20man (adult male)1092vīros, ᛊᚨᛊ, Ono, Andah+ Add
#21go (to fare, move, leave, come, etc)1083veš, Áo, wir, tambbatZi
#22six (6)1071seks, se, sey, sashéSuh
#23eight (8)1069doma, nona, vru, lagiOh
#26good (generic)1035ma, Ẋev, mlypac, voagudé
#27bird (animal)1009dim, laĺe, t'ūveza, tajukorndu
#30big (large)998maqw, stor, čakt, gjørgraluminu
#31eye (seeing thing)989silim, banutre, yi, sérag+ Add
#32woman (human female)972tene, klasia, bepuf, wanDrönn
#33house (House)953sjap, teacat, þasiř, otcprauz
#34do (action)941nessi, pa, Doen, handelen+ Add
#36father (parent)924gigu, pater, ik₁i, paphaDoa
#38night (period of time)920odiji, fòtu, not, ноичеNoch
#39red (colour)919rox, lde, ralal, sutma+ Add
#40day (generic)911nuho, tož, dia, Da hüs
#42sun (celestial)897Sųal, baŋ xēi, gitml, ézenetSun
#43fish (aquatic animal)896erpkyt, gedėrıf, bugȅ, adan+ Add
#44hand (appendage)890ðɛmɪt, Hand, lu, siu+ Add
#45name (identifier)866remom, rheahn, ome, genaamrheahn
#46head (anatomy)863asensiia, kov, kili, + Add
#48come (arrive)811cogygsis, kømma, los, shaý+ Add
#50speak (utter words)809meser, ţωkєt, идаӄ, umyecaSpresz
#54blood (bodily fluid)786krev, aiwe, misid, shereg+ Add
#55blue (colour)782Yenjam, fis, chan, bïkjulot
#57hello (general greeting)780eskha, tyon, mevá, gùrtN̅a
#58fire (combustion)777sʔluʔá, sirur, lðé, qos+ Add
#63kill (take away one's life)736ojhaäsom, ikná, gix, nekša'ešwhellan
#67star (celestial)713secyim, kegás, Shanqix, sarazelón
#68book (written work)705livru, libro, , reexo+ Add
#70water (liquid)702gjår, zaŋ, , ti+ Add
#71cold (temperature)701háyddazh, oratorthī, šitten, gimiidege
#72make (create/construct)690kar, muja, ʃeosos, maa+ Add
=mouth (anatomical)690duwae, زي, kuno, しぇいんkoi
#75want (something)684sruls, Midrhafortx, vantan, ahlab+ Add
#76but (clause contrasting)680puo, sauf, ha, oefuşoak
#77hear (auditory)675fauski, ątxau, solli, kolu+ Add
#78not (negator)673a, , ke, er+ Add
#81time (temporal)666mòtra, ven, nuuht, ngunqa
=foot (body part)666køwv€f, puto, lyösi, ļör+ Add
#83city (settlement)665shūdad, vik, stat, irdžand+ Add
#84mother (biological)661bapas, nørfa*, majre, máʔtə̄rMoa
#85speak (some particular language)658kerdiow, helainaia, wgicg, warit+ Add
#86wind (movement of air)657fuɍ, ojic, çerr, járfreten
#87be (to exist)648u, ekxa, dhuy, vewFjorvë
=what (interrogative)648кҷuo, agohń, cho, mäiXeMe
=new (generic)648foāj, Λάνε, nu, nÿmm+ Add
#90know (a fact)639abvi, jisabek, masi, tamém+ Add
#92no (negative)629dūn, nån, tashoa, haino+ Add
#93ear (anatomical)626напвоч, seclomna, ġal, mabo+ Add
#94cloud (weather)623yfÿé, weolk, fürü, nuvehodei
#97air (general)615mer, jar, jeilfal, eiax
#102word (linguistics)601ńuqe, reč, palavra, uagx'x
#104moon (space)596g̋ue, züm, atmohen, ɸeʃlunam
#105mountain (generic term)595eca, aharunzani, lemna, ykaqasa+ Add
#106or (generic)591ah, moi, rnul, ü+ Add
#107child (offspring)588Nuno, pada, shora, si+ Add
#108live (be alive)585daidrin, spim-ke, alha, kae+ Add
#110rain (weather)580tika, rzeń, qoi, *ma:safallakua
=the (DEF)580ụwrâ, Te, la, ekNba
#112ash (residue from burning)574øsca, lludl, ȟålrag, ajış+ Add
#113heart (organ)572Pàls, hata, Lîbb, ÿjä+ Add
#116sea (salt water)568kinill, iðutir, Árinn, ude+ Add
#117death (state of being dead)567ぞんすね, ysarad, k'at̂, thirZetu
#120burn (fire)565esk, kju, ish, wérote+ Add
#122flower (botanical)558loheya, hasawi, lea, flor+ Add
#124who (interrogative)549Gama, siahriu, ey, kyu+ Add
#125tongue (mouth)547stin, jezik, langu, lunaik+ Add
#127brother (generic; older or younger)542dănruš, pôiñ, štarb, ronnekFumehr
=bad (unfavourable)542zrag, mas, Iaì, ler+ Add
#130this (proximal)537mbu, kun, ca, nau+ Add
=leaf (botanical)537tīdaf, neþu, gïfu, dusa+ Add
#132nose (meatball between eyes and mouth)532erraga, my, れも, van-+ Add
#133lake (body of water)531é, ka'apa, kölĕ, paw+ Add
#137swim (activity to be done in water)524patū, tena, adrir, կարատամո+ Add
#138home (residence)523uu, Alblyul, kivat, tol+ Add
#139thing (entity)521xún, kosa, -()ier, sáten+ Add
#140forest (woods park)517budjan, ぽおむ, galki, na'rìngSzen
#141work (perform labour)514pjastɛ, zark, neest, drolalabor
=fall (via gravity)510rhavit, izîsku, kaad, kutu+ Add
=leg (of animate thing)510kansjo, Kiendei , leg, b̃ɑ́kā+ Add
=family (group of relatives)510icollos, pasakuju, sanu, noichtlimach
#146child (generic)509ia, ashkhi, King, konzi
#148have (possess)505apu, gefređen, vavu, вар+ Add
#150human (species)499far, Şka, iríma, shašsahh+ Add
=can (be able)499befet, tam, Kash-, kva+ Add
#154brown (colour)496dene, ink, bih, puro+ Add
#158body (general)487manactal, guoŋ, jus, þyy+ Add
#159country (geopolitical area)483azia, bigalanda, ⱪas, han+ Add
#163son (family)473dijmvu, ram, brudam, ataz̧+ Add
=because (generic)473qīx, kél, kéj, ohois+ Add
#165sister (non-specific age)469Suzþocha, adohkosa, Xhäpe, mefedFehmehr
=if (generic)455pa, ýrä, vai, ih+ Add
#176now (at this point!)453lytrel, glú, trair, na+ Add
#178stone (geological)451petro, phujr, thum, kón+ Add
=island (land in the sea)451iceg, măi, osront, öieCrelóm
=egg (generic)451gheirchrame, uv, t'ich, lьg+ Add
#182snow (generic)450tsupos, nevika, hiyo, falnfallekt
#185neck (the thing between your head and your shoulders)447Coui, munchua, , nozo+ Add
#186hot (temperature)444uþic, vazhal, o, orāðīharr
#188finger (anatomy; those five long sticks that you have per hand)439dhyg, schlíṁh, nus, deza+ Add
#195with (comitative)423vlou, ənϕ, ko, kan+ Add
#196water (generic)421zımpı, ej, iru, dayrDwrdhin
=stand (be upright)420tuŋam, tcing, mínasa, jyrún+ Add
#200light (generic)416qeyan, isa, lisleiba, jen+ Add
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