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Adjectives and Adverbs
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The grammar of Yusak adjectives and adverbs
This public article was written by nai888, and last updated on 25 May 2016, 23:59.

[comments]
3. Nouns
7. Verbs
Menu
1. Comparison
2. Adjectives
3. Adverbs
4. Grammar

[top]Comparison


Adjectives and adverbs both decline to show comparison.
  • Positive: ∅-
  • Comparative (more): zoþ-
  • Superlative (most): ovi-

These comparative prefixes can be added to any adjective or adverb, and this is the normal method of comparison.

Adjectives and adverbs can be emphasized using the word ogdo, which means “much” or “very”, and de-emphasized by using the word ildi, which means “little” or “not very”. Using the comparative or superlative prefixes on either of these words provides an alternative method of comparison, though this method is much less common using ogdo (on the other hand, doing this with ildi is the only method of negative comparison, as there is no morphological system for this).

[top]Adjectives


Adjectives decline to match the gender, number, and case of the modified noun.

Adjectives can also stand as a noun when the noun it modifies is already known. In this case, the adjective declines like a noun instead of an adjective.

Vlovvun þraahjun boodjot. /vlov:un θɾa:xjun bo:djot/ VLOVVUN ÞRAAHJUN BOODJOT. see-PRESPresent Tense (tense)
current
.INDIndicative mood (mood)
a common form of realis
.PFVPerfective (aspect)
completed action
-1First person (person)
speaker, signer, etc; I
.SGSingular (number)
one countable entity
.ERGErgative (case)
TRANS subject; agent
-3Third person (person)
neither speaker nor addressee
.SGSingular (number)
one countable entity
.ABSAbsolutive (case)
TRANS object, INInanimate (gender/class)
for non-living things
TR argument
berry-DEFDefinite
"the"
.SGSingular (number)
one countable entity
.ABSAbsolutive (case)
TRANS object, INInanimate (gender/class)
for non-living things
TR argument
red-INInanimate (gender/class)
for non-living things
.SGSingular (number)
one countable entity
.ABSAbsolutive (case)
TRANS object, INInanimate (gender/class)
for non-living things
TR argument
“I see the red berry.” Vlovvun žlyjun. /vlov:un ʒlyjun/ VLOVVUN ŽLYJUN. see-PRESPresent Tense (tense)
current
.INDIndicative mood (mood)
a common form of realis
.PFVPerfective (aspect)
completed action
-1First person (person)
speaker, signer, etc; I
.SGSingular (number)
one countable entity
.ERGErgative (case)
TRANS subject; agent
-3Third person (person)
neither speaker nor addressee
.SGSingular (number)
one countable entity
.ABSAbsolutive (case)
TRANS object, INInanimate (gender/class)
for non-living things
TR argument
blue-DEFDefinite
"the"
.INInanimate (gender/class)
for non-living things
.SGSingular (number)
one countable entity
.ABSAbsolutive (case)
TRANS object, INInanimate (gender/class)
for non-living things
TR argument
“I see the blue [one]”


An adjective can also stand in for and modify an incorporated noun, which negates the reduced valency of the verb.

Þraahvlovvun žlyjun. /θɾa:xvlov:un ʒlyjun/ ÞRAAHVLOVVUN ŽLYJUN. berry-see-PRESPresent Tense (tense)
current
.INDIndicative mood (mood)
a common form of realis
.PFVPerfective (aspect)
completed action
-1First person (person)
speaker, signer, etc; I
.SGSingular (number)
one countable entity
.ERGErgative (case)
TRANS subject; agent
-3Third person (person)
neither speaker nor addressee
.SGSingular (number)
one countable entity
.ABSAbsolutive (case)
TRANS object, INInanimate (gender/class)
for non-living things
TR argument
blue-DEFDefinite
"the"
.INInanimate (gender/class)
for non-living things
.SGSingular (number)
one countable entity
.ABSAbsolutive (case)
TRANS object, INInanimate (gender/class)
for non-living things
TR argument
“I berry-see the blue [one].”


[top]Adverbs


Adverbs do not decline in any way, other than to show comparison.

[top]Grammar


For details on adjective and adverb declension, view the grammar tables for adjective comparison, adjective declension, and adverb comparison. When using an adjective as a noun, reference the related noun declension grammar tables.
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