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Conlanger's Swadesh List
This is our own variant on the Swadesh List. The live list is based on the most commonly added words to languages on CWS. Only the top 200 words are listed here. The indicators on the very left show the word's change in position over the last 7 days.
#EnglishWordsExample WordsYour word
#1he/she/it/etc (3SG, see notes)5731nae, łøháv, , ma+ Add
#2i (1SG, see notes)5349thaba, aiyng, inu, -ag+ Add
#3you (2SG, see notes)3832tshi, , le, uno+ Add
#4we (1PL, see notes)3162ne, Ny, kena, do mmeda+ Add
#5one (1)3133iтs, zul, kem, ükse+ Add
#6they (3PL, see notes)2867fin, ele, fr, Illo+ Add
#7two (2)2824naaki, pi, to, + Add
#8eat (consume)2768ga'ne, ŧīm, ayip, o daci+ Add
#9see (visually)2535sa​ke, vedre, ʒal, tu+ Add
#11you (2PL, see notes)2524nez, ězei, kōd, Ran+ Add
#12four (4)2416ki, yom, vart, fa+ Add
#13five (5)2329wi, fir, them, fu+ Add
#15language (form of communication)2216habel, zeø, ška, ažo+ Add
#16tree (vegetation)2169tha, laka, bien, giácây+ Add
#18person (human being)2146ha, szari, vüyi, naj+ Add
=black (colour)1973dzia, ddōgjhu, vits, ata+ Add
#25nine (9)1952nio, amko, tesa, jume+ Add
#26bird (animal)1929hérik, kekik, biu, ńâđ+ Add
#27do (action)1868pa, Doen, Tehden, dəe+ Add
#28house (building to live in)1864hena, þasiř, otc, cassa+ Add
#29night (period of time)1861umji, ноиче, helretx, yche+ Add
#30good (generic)1860Ẋev, bön, mlypac, voa+ Add
#32hand (appendage)1848siu, ti, mano, olt+ Add
#33eye (seeing thing)1842dono, iyu, sérag, aug+ Add
#34red (colour)1841rox, lde, ćeworo, rεd+ Add
#35and (generic)1803and, (uo) , E, mi+ Add
#36day (generic)1790rinžu, dia, Da, kegi+ Add
#37head (anatomy)1772poko 頭, kov, kili, + Add
#38child (offspring)1744shora, si, del, chäl+ Add
#39woman (human female)1702fár, ying, aso, wan+ Add
#41blue (colour)1660rig, būnum, siinin, bïk+ Add
#42come (arrive)1649venajef, doći, õq, كومه+ Add
#43sun (celestial)1643lumet', gitml, ézenet, ashul+ Add
#44fish (aquatic animal)1623bugȅ, adan, iżua-, fekk+ Add
#45animal (general)1621enokeo, Nûcemët, Dekh, osam+ Add
#46white (colour)1587ezim, vuuch, Suhmé, bien+ Add
#47cold (temperature)1566cold, srigeti, âšarmä, väl+ Add
#48blood (bodily fluid)1551shereg, aessa, ṣim, xinc+ Add
#49kill (take away one's life)1549mobivan, ikná, gix, nekša'eš+ Add
#50love (romantic)1547maji, hetri, Hašianë, raima+ Add
=give (relinquish)1547Donare, yms, miq, tip+ Add
#52city (settlement)1526vik, stat, ύοραδ, irdžand+ Add
#53food (edible)1515derakha, kiesa, gràic, vajjo+ Add
#55go (to fare, move, leave, come, etc)1509Áo, wir, radez, tambbat+ Add
#56say (verbally)1502grafla, varag, 율 (言), Xharik + Add
#57walk (use legs)1501zau, tu, camina, íak+ Add
#58name (identifier)1490remom, bóhnal, ome, ušpu+ Add
#59hear (auditory)1467solli, ŋéwe, kolu, cheut+ Add
#60happy (emotion)1465hjeska, mersa, kak, me:iʂ+ Add
#61die (cease to exist)1460nachne, morim, uruja, tu+ Add
#63man (adult male)1428masaam, Andah, meesaijənn, ne+ Add
#64star (celestial)1411Shanqix, zturara, sara, унэйш+ Add
#66air (general)1401jar, jeilfal, Awor, ei+ Add
#67drink (generic)1395heel, uống, fe, laneh+ Add
#68time (temporal)1378tempe, ruup'aak, ngun, daonai+ Add
#69book (written work)1377bîznamû, , ponyān, ko+ Add
#70sky (atmosphere and space as seen from Earth)1372evana, scethan, ëruju, ramâl+ Add
#72place (location, spot)1358에코/체코/차코, Ḳnér, yat, palii+ Add
#73cat (feline)1342kat, féla, toomъppaa, kalema+ Add
#74want (something)1333dēya, vantan, ahlab, uziksajik+ Add
#75girl (female child)1314tvella, zholaa, īlitin, Yana+ Add
#76new (generic)1306nÿmm, hany, ųsy, Ur+ Add
#77speak (utter words)1298идаӄ, ðèðã, umyeca, ligan+ Add
#79foot (body part)1249ön, puto, lyösi, ļör+ Add
#80make (create/construct)1241ʃeosos, , maa, idaí+ Add
#81man (human male)1236nápah, bali, giro, sano+ Add
#82cloud (weather)1233weolk, fürü, sir, nube+ Add
#83be (to exist)1230yaja, vew, Igar, mangi+ Add
#84hello (general greeting)1224naamsakaar, ejen, taš, rhoba+ Add
#85body (general)1222nenbernit, guoŋ, jus, þyy+ Add
#86rain (weather)1191regen, Ʃame, qoi, *ma:sa+ Add
#87water (generic)1183tūˀ, iru, awi, dayr+ Add
#88family (group of relatives)1175예 (家), Tilig, Gá., nuzki+ Add
#90mother (parent, biological or not)1174Mahaar , mama, mader, moodir+ Add
#91ear (anatomical)1161mabo, pėsh, ōus, nir+ Add
#93word (linguistics)1150ńuqe, reč, palavra, uag+ Add
#95year (365 days)1136, God, unqo, pỉ+ Add
#98home (residence)1114Alblyul, hōmâ, tol, dada'hala+ Add
#99bone (body stick)1112nuku, ‘uya, xnas, rogum+ Add
#101fall (via gravity)1102ii'oo, haule, kutu, цιт+ Add
#103door (entry)1087pxe, sape, Kryuk, manu+ Add
#104who (interrogative)1085htė, Zi, nyðre, kyu+ Add
#105take (into possession)1082tegi, konjinh, tǒru, gemmà+ Add
#106can (be able)1078wtys, Kash-, şpoşubŋ, kva+ Add
#107flower (botanical)1074ngulka, flor, blod, degh+ Add
#111learn (to be taught, to know)1053, leran, aprèn, prehiver+ Add
#112ash (residue from burning)1046mi, øsca, skë, ȟålrag+ Add
#113country (geopolitical area)1043azia, ⱪas, witig, caxgot+ Add
#114mouth (anatomical)1040kuno, miêng, aebvii, しぇいん+ Add
#115sing (vocals)1038ŋacca, no, anx, sĉnĉe+ Add
#116what (interrogative)1029mäi, hviz, so, quat+ Add
#117speak (a particular language)1021helainaia, Spar, wgicg, warit+ Add
#118bad (general)1019gardh, Hezhu, skeaya , Jōd+ Add
#120world (earth)1018pasteine, uul, moyé, buś+ Add
#123death (state of being dead)1010hĕa, k'at̂, rel, thír+ Add
#124water (liquid)1008ásin, zaŋ, , ti+ Add
#125live (be alive)1006benaa, kôvau, Ran, nyumzi+ Add
#126land (ground)1005edalt, Figi, mealta, dzan+ Add
#128art (general)999kungydsc, kreka, bron, Kelne+ Add
#129mother (biological)988namaa, hûpu`û, nørfa*, majre+ Add
=hot (temperature)988o, orāðī, Hoþ, sia+ Add
#132swim (activity to be done in water)986yohran, adrir, կարատամո, susamu+ Add
#134work (perform labour)979arpete, zark, neest, drola+ Add
#136know (generic)974hegħm, zisár, bhith, naam+ Add
#137leaf (botanical)973spih, Kuvóu, lif, dusa+ Add
=mountain (generic term)973đìvs, konu, mon, ykaqasa+ Add
#141not (negator)965ma, er, ne, kongya+ Add
#143brother (generic; older or younger)959dănruš, štarb, ronnek, toto+ Add
#145dark (color)955cessari, ákúu, dverg, mar+ Add
#146area (noun)951yason, reý, muttā, zon+ Add
#147bite (grab with teeth)947gof, 噛あいたん, patmil , timsi+ Add
#149but (clause contrasting)942sauf, mai, ha, oefuşo+ Add
#151stand (be upright)940ырун, valit, jyrún, jelewe+ Add
#154now (at this point!)937glú, Farvo, trair, na+ Add
#156full (cf. empty)926coloyi'it, pleno, ipunnio, teya+ Add
#158lake (body of water)924ghāsuinē, lacus, fiskudif, loqa+ Add
#159sit (eg. sit on a chair)923asal, sitjan, laap, silaate+ Add
#164fire (generic)898go, eldr, fasai, cas+ Add
#165this (proximal)895mbu, szis, ca, mąkat+ Add
#166because (generic)891za, ka, kéj, ohois+ Add
#167fire (combustion)890rem, sirur, lðé, brenmer+ Add
#169island (land in the sea)885măi, osront, öie, kyawa+ Add
#171son (family)879brudam, brudi, kasa, сын+ Add
#172burn (fire)877esk, kju, ish, wérote+ Add
#175snow (generic)872nevika, hiyo, faln, samur+ Add
#176speak (generic)863karv, bënën, lu, háyo+ Add
#179egg (generic)859وا, ykl, ov, mon+ Add
#182brown (colour)850bara, dene, bih, puro+ Add
#183or (generic)849esjał, moi, rnul, ü+ Add
#184king (male ruler)846teln, varas, sactrov, xār+ Add
#187car (vehicle)840Dryf, nádi, vitura, kar+ Add
#188also (also)830haẓa, ŋa, eṣ, tio+ Add
#189light (generic)828haxa, qeyan, lisleiba, jen+ Add
#190finger (anatomy; those five long sticks that you have per hand)825vrîchîngêr, nus, deza, rokþóu+ Add
#192sister (non-specific age)820süster, þayri, сестра, Meloksa+ Add
#193parent (generic)819Tuoli, hasech, adrish, ǰaza+ Add
#194neck (the thing between your head and your shoulders)818afi, lunye, , nozo+ Add
#195need (require)815dana, ekoga, calobe, serraam+ Add
#196if (generic)813ýrä, vai, Jíf, ih+ Add
#197life (the condition of living things)809cakka, beth, xne, + Add
#198game (entertainment)808tora, nád, leia, Gantos+ Add
#199know (a fact)805kako, jisabek, masi, thi+ Add
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