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Conlanger's Swadesh List
This is our own variant on the Swadesh List. The live list is based on the most commonly added words to languages on CWS. Only the top 200 words are listed here. The indicators on the very left show the word's change in position over the last 7 days.
#EnglishWordsExample WordsYour word
#1he/she/it/etc (3SG, see notes)5474söte, nae, łøháv, ma+ Add
#2i (1SG, see notes)5026thaba, aiyng, inu, -ag+ Add
#3you (2SG, see notes)3717yakra', , le, uno+ Add
#4one (1)3047zul, kem, nie, ükse+ Add
#5we (1PL, see notes)3000ne, Ny, kena, do mmeda+ Add
#6they (3PL, see notes)2778fin, ele, fr, Illo+ Add
#7two (2)2740pi, to, xo, + Add
#8eat (consume)2699ga'ne, ŧīm, ayip, o daci+ Add
#10see (visually)2453sa​ke, vedre, ʒal, tu+ Add
#11you (2PL, see notes)2451nez, ězei, kōd, Ran+ Add
#12four (4)2351ki, yom, vart, fa+ Add
#13five (5)2275txo, fir, them, fu+ Add
#15language (form of communication)2205habel, zeø, ška, ažo+ Add
#17tree (vegetation)2119tha, laka, bien, giácây+ Add
#18person (human being)2106ha, szari, vüyi, naj+ Add
#24black (colour)1904dzia, ddōgjhu, vits, ata+ Add
#25nine (9)1903amko, dush, tesa, jume+ Add
#26bird (animal)1878tajuk, hérik, kekik, biu+ Add
#27house (building to live in)1833hena, þasiř, otc, cassa+ Add
#29good (generic)1822Ẋev, bön, mlypac, voa+ Add
#30hand (appendage)1809siu, ti, mano, olt+ Add
#31night (period of time)1807umji, ноиче, helretx, yche+ Add
=do (action)1807nessi, pa, Doen, dəe+ Add
#33== (==)1803==, ==, ==, ==+ Add
#34eye (seeing thing)1802dono, iyu, sérag, aug+ Add
#35red (colour)1793lde, ćeworo, rεd, sutma+ Add
#36and (generic)1791and, (uo) , E, mi+ Add
#37day (generic)1749rinžu, dia, Da, kegi+ Add
#38head (anatomy)1738ränã, kov, kili, + Add
#39child (offspring)1727shora, si, del, chäl+ Add
#40woman (human female)1675fár, ying, aso, wan+ Add
#42sun (celestial)1618lumet', gitml, ézenet, ashul+ Add
#43come (arrive)1609venajef, doći, õq, كومه+ Add
#44blue (colour)1606rig, būnum, siinin, bïk+ Add
#45fish (aquatic animal)1587bugȅ, adan, iżua-, fekk+ Add
#46animal (general)1582tebu, enokeo, Nûcemët, osam+ Add
#47white (colour)1550ezim, vuuch, Suhmé, bien+ Add
#48give (relinquish)1525Donare, yms, miq, tip+ Add
#49blood (bodily fluid)1521shereg, aessa, ṣim, xinc+ Add
#50love (romantic)1516maji, hetri, Hašianë, raima+ Add
#51cold (temperature)1507cold, srigeti, âšarmä, väl+ Add
#52kill (take away one's life)1504ikná, gix, saxwo, nekša'eš+ Add
#53city (settlement)1488vik, stat, ύοραδ, irdžand+ Add
#54go (to fare, move, leave, come, etc)1485wir, radez, nduuam, tambbat+ Add
#56walk (state)1472zau, tu, camina, íak+ Add
#58say (verbally)1463grafla, varag, 율 (言), Xharik + Add
#59name (identifier)1459dig, bóhnal, ome, ušpu+ Add
#60die (cease to exist)1439nachne, morim, uruja, tu+ Add
#61hear (auditory)1422solli, ŋéwe, kolu, chùt+ Add
#62happy (emotion)1420hjeska, mersa, kak, me:iʂ+ Add
#64man (adult male)1400vīros, atszik, Andah, meesaijənn+ Add
#66star (celestial)1380Shanqix, zturara, sara, унэйш+ Add
#67air (general)1372jar, jeilfal, Awor, ei+ Add
#68drink (generic)1371heel, uống, fe, laneh+ Add
#69time (temporal)1354tempe, ruup'aak, ngun, daonai+ Add
#70sky (atmosphere and space as seen from Earth)1353evana, scethan, ëruju, ramâl+ Add
#71book (written work)1336bîznamû, , ponyān, ko+ Add
#74place (location, spot)1314에코/체코/차코, Ḳnér, yat, palii+ Add
#75want (something)1293dēya, vantan, ahlab, uziksajik+ Add
#76girl (female child)1279tvella, zholaa, īlitin, Yana+ Add
#77new (generic)1267nÿmm, hany, ųsy, Ur+ Add
#78speak (utter words)1264идаӄ, ðèðã, umyeca, ligan+ Add
#80make (create/construct)1231ʃeosos, , maa, idaí+ Add
#81foot (body part)1224ön, puto, lyösi, ļör+ Add
#82hello (general greeting)1218ह૨⭝勠, naamsakaar, ejen, rhoba+ Add
#83be (to exist)1214yaja, vew, Igar, mangi+ Add
#84cloud (weather)1202weolk, fürü, sir, nube+ Add
#85man (human male)1197nápah, bali, giro, sano+ Add
#86body (general)1191bapatha, guoŋ, jus, þyy+ Add
#87water (generic)1178tūˀ, iru, awi, dayr+ Add
#88rain (weather)1160regen, Ʃame, qoi, *ma:sa+ Add
#89family (group of relatives)1147예 (家), Tilig, Gá., nuzki+ Add
#90mother (parent, biological or not)1143mɑm, Mahaar , mama, moodir+ Add
#93ear (anatomical)1130htawnyam, mabo, pësh, ōus+ Add
#94word (linguistics)1125ńuqe, reč, palavra, uag+ Add
#96year (365 days)1108, God, unqo, pỉ+ Add
#97home (residence)1093Alblyul, hōmâ, tol, dada'hala+ Add
=bone (body stick)1089nuku, ‘uya, xnas, rogum+ Add
#102take (into possession)1081tegi, konjinh, tǒru, gemmà+ Add
#103who (interrogative)1070ey, htė, nyðre, kyu+ Add
=fall (via gravity)1070pcf, ii'oo, haule, kutu+ Add
#106flower (botanical)1062ngulka, flor, blod, degh+ Add
=door (entry)1062pxe, sape, Kryuk, manu+ Add
#108can (be able)1045zdov, Kash-, şpoşubŋ, kva+ Add
=learn (to be taught, to know)1035lercɦea, , aprèn, prehiver+ Add
#113mouth (anatomical)1030kuno, miêng, aebvii, しぇいん+ Add
#114what (interrogative)1024mäi, hviz, so, quat+ Add
=country (geopolitical area)1024azia, ⱪas, witig, caxgot+ Add
#116ash (residue from burning)1021øsca, skë, azère, ȟålrag+ Add
#117live (be alive)1009benaa, kôvau, Ran, nyumzi+ Add
#118world (earth)1007letrabai, pasteine, uul, buś+ Add
#119sing (vocals)1006卜人ラ, ŋacca, no, anx+ Add
#120land (ground)1004edalt, Figi, mealta, dzan+ Add
#121speak (a particular language)1002helainaia, Spar, wgicg, warit+ Add
#122water (liquid)991ásin, zaŋ, , ti+ Add
#123death (state of being dead)990hĕa, k'at̂, rel, thír+ Add
#127bad (general)979gardh, Hezhu, skeaya , Jōd+ Add
#129art (general)974kungydsc, kreka, bron, Kelne+ Add
#130mother (biological)970namaa, hûpu`û, nørfa*, majre+ Add
#131swim (activity to be done in water)969yohran, adrir, կարատամո, susamu+ Add
#134leaf (botanical)961spih, Kuvóu, lif, dusa+ Add
#135not (negator)959ma, er, ne, kongya+ Add
#136hot (temperature)957o, orāðī, Hoþ, sia+ Add
#137work (perform labour)955zark, neest, taw, drola+ Add
=brother (generic; older or younger)954dănruš, štarb, ronnek, toto+ Add
#141mountain (generic term)952lemna, konu, mon, ykaqasa+ Add
#143know (generic)946hegħm, zisár, bhith, naam+ Add
#145but (clause contrasting)935sauf, mai, ha, oefuşo+ Add
#147area (noun)927yason, reý, muttā, zon+ Add
#150bite (grab with teeth)923gof, 噛あいたん, patmil , timsi+ Add
#153lake (body of water)915ghāsuinē, lacus, fiskudif, loqa+ Add
#154now (at this point!)912glú, Farvo, trair, na+ Add
#155stand (be upright)907ырун, valit, jyrún, jelewe+ Add
#161sit (eg. sit on a chair)898asal, sitjan, laap, silaate+ Add
#162full (cf. empty)894coloyi'it, pleno, ipunnio, teya+ Add
#163this (proximal)893kêtiê, mbu, szis, ca+ Add
#164fire (combustion)891rem, sirur, lðé, brenmer+ Add
#166because (generic)877za, ka, kéj, ohois+ Add
#167son (family)869brudam, brudi, kasa, сын+ Add
#168island (land in the sea)867măi, osront, öie, kyawa+ Add
#171burn (fire)863esk, kju, ish, wérote+ Add
#173snow (generic)855nevika, hiyo, faln, samur+ Add
#174fire (generic)854iig, eldr, fasai, cas+ Add
#176or (generic)845esjał, moi, rnul, ü+ Add
#178egg (generic)839وا, ykl, ov, mon+ Add
#179speak (generic)838karv, bënën, lu, háyo+ Add
#182king (male ruler)830teln, varas, sactrov, xār+ Add
#183brown (colour)828bara, dene, bih, puro+ Add
#186light (generic)819qeyan, isa, lisleiba, jen+ Add
#188car (vehicle)816dhaċċā, Dryf, nádi, vitura+ Add
#189sister (non-specific age)813süster, þayri, сестра, Meloksa+ Add
#190parent (generic)809Tuoli, hasech, adrish, ǰaza+ Add
#191also (also)807haẓa, ŋa, eṣ, tio+ Add
=finger (anatomy; those five long sticks that you have per hand)806vrîchîngêr, nus, deza, rokþóu+ Add
#194from 801de, nir, suqa, de+ Add
#197no (negative)794dūn, non, Œi, haino+ Add
#198know (a fact)793honja, kako, jisabek, masi+ Add
#199if (generic)790ᚷᛁᚠ, ýrä, vai, ih+ Add
=neck (the thing between your head and your shoulders)790bhaid, lunye, , nozo+ Add
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