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Conlanger's Swadesh List
This is our own variant on the Swadesh List. The live list is based on the most commonly added words to languages on CWS. Only the top 200 words are listed here. The indicators on the very left show the word's change in position over the last 7 days.
#EnglishWordsExample WordsYour word
#1he/she/it (3SG, see notes)2732a ma, ár, oze᷈, naeAeli
#2i (1SG, see notes)2674na, as, aiyng, inuNe
#3you (2SG, see notes)2053ein, moasį, yakra', nurdiek
#4one (1)1663iтs, zul, ükse, anusen
#5we (1PL, see notes)1588Elku, voert, wīs, jölop
#6eat (consume)1494koā, ezufe, eo, ga'neeo
#7two (2)1492teu, deus, sví, pidue
#8they (3PL, see notes)1474šö, fin, ele, Illo+ Add
#9language (form of communication)1449lanke, lon, hhuhurteo, Habellingvei
#11person (human being)1364iren, ha, szari, naj+ Add
#12three (3)1334'am, mi, tris, luтsTwa
#13see (visually)1329pling, sa​ke, vedre, ʒalbera
#14and (generic)1296tou, u, a, and+ Add
#15four (4)1282hoira, ki, yom, faCa
#16you (2PL, see notes)1276dosõ, woi, ězei, le᷈vi
#17five (5)1259fir, them, hif, βοηpir
#18tree (vegetation)1206we, duve, ledre, bienta
#19child (offspring)1183hąą, pada, shora, sizi
#21six (6)1126seks, se, sey, sashéSuh
#22dog (canine)1123firét, katul, guron, oklorrimalú
#23eight (8)1118doma, ðos, vru, lagiOh
#24man (adult male)1117aŧam, vīros, Ono, AndahTaoro
#25seven (7)1109ieg, Zeveen, mop, nhàSeh
#26go (to fare, move, leave, come, etc)1093Áo, wir, rad, tambbatZi
#27good (generic)1092ma, Ẋev, mlypac, voagudé
#28big (large)1057maqw, stor, čakt, gjørgraluminu
#29bird (animal)1056dim, laĺe, t'ūveza, tajukorndu
#32eye (seeing thing)1028silim, banutre, yi, sérag+ Add
#33woman (human female)1014tene, klasia, bepuf, wanDrönn
#34come (arrive)1005gwemeti, venajef, los, shaý+ Add
#35house (House)996sjap, teacat, þasiř, otcprauz
#36drink (generic)972uhdnny, torm, sənsə, laneh+ Add
#37day (generic)971nuho, tož, dia, Da hüs
#38night (period of time)969fòtu, not, ноиче, ycheNoch
=do (action)969nessi, pa, Doen, handelen+ Add
#40red (colour)968rox, lde, ralal, sutma+ Add
#43hand (appendage)955ðɛmɪt, lu, jisa, siu+ Add
#44sun (celestial)950Sųal, baŋ xēi, gitml, ézenetSun
#45father (parent)944gige, pater, ik₁i, paphaDoa
#46fish (aquatic animal)938erpkyt, gedėrıf, bugȅ, adan+ Add
#47name (identifier)917remom, rheahn, ome, genaamrheahn
#48head (anatomy)909asensiia, kov, kili, + Add
#49sky (atmosphere and space as seen from Earth)878kal, sabil, helliva, ramâlšiello
#50say (verbally)849dijan, 유 (言), Xharik , umu+ Add
#52speak (utter words)839meser, ţωkєt, идаӄ, umyecaSpresz
#53blood (bodily fluid)837krev, aiwe, misid, shereg+ Add
#58blue (colour)797Yenjam, fis, chan, bïkjulot
#60fire (combustion)789edul, sʔluʔá, sirur, lðé+ Add
=hello (general greeting)789eskha, tyon, mevá, gùrtN̅a
#65kill (take away one's life)772ojhaäsom, ikná, gix, nekša'ešwhellan
#67star (celestial)760secyim, kegás, Shanqix, sarazelón
#69book (written work)742livru, libro, , reexo+ Add
#73water (liquid)724koúl, zaŋ, , ti+ Add
#74mouth (anatomical)722duwae, زي, kuno, しぇいんkoi
#75hear (auditory)710ątxau, solli, ngéwe, kolu+ Add
=city (settlement)710shūdad, vik, stat, irdžand+ Add
#77make (create/construct)709kar, muja, ʃeosos, maa+ Add
#78happy (emotion)708lleens, mersa, kak, me:iʂ+ Add
#79time (temporal)707ven, nuuht, ngun, daonaiqa
#80but (clause contrasting)705puo, sauf, ha, oefuşoak
#81foot (body part)698køwv€f, puto, lyösi, ļör+ Add
=not (negator)698, ke, er, kongya+ Add
#84want (something)690sruls, Midrhafortx, vantan, ahlab+ Add
#85what (interrogative)679кҷuo, agohń, cho, mäiXeMe
#86new (generic)678Λάνε, sùn, nu, nÿmm+ Add
#87be (to exist)677ekxa, nge, dhuy, vewFjorvë
#88mother (biological)675bapas, nørfa*, majre, máʔtə̄rMoa
#89speak (some particular language)673kerdiow, helainaia, wgicg, warit+ Add
#90wind (movement of air)663fuɍ, ojic, çerr, járfreten
#91know (a fact)659abvi, jisabek, masi, tamém+ Add
#92cloud (weather)657yfÿé, weolk, fürü, nuvehodei
#93ear (anatomical)656напвоч, seclomna, ġal, mabo+ Add
#94bone (body stick)654oyoti, laaing, nuku, xnas+ Add
#95air (general)652mer, jar, jeilfal, eiax
#96year (365 days)649ehèt, God, unqo, şĕl+ Add
#98place (location, spot)635, waj, Ḳnér, palii+ Add
#102no (negative)629dūn, nån, tashoa, haino+ Add
#103rain (weather)623rzeń, anvo, qoi, *ma:safallakua
#104moon (space)621g̋ue, züm, atmohen, ɸeʃKava
#106word (linguistics)620ńuqe, reč, palavra, uagx'x
#108land (ground)612ŋaaɂm, 土地, Edalt, dzanSiala
#109ash (residue from burning)611øsca, lludl, ȟålrag, ajış+ Add
#110girl (female child)609räėta, Ina, ejas, Yana+ Add
#111or (generic)608ah, moi, rnul, ü+ Add
#116live (be alive)591daidrin, spim-ke, alha, kae+ Add
#118flower (botanical)590hasawi, lea, flor, blod+ Add
#119who (interrogative)587Gama, siahriu, ey, kyu+ Add
#120death (state of being dead)585ぞんすね, ysarad, k'at̂, thirZetu
#121the (DEF)582ụwrâ, Te, la, ekNba
#122burn (fire)580esk, kju, ish, wérote+ Add
#123sea (salt water)579kinill, iðutir, Árinn, ude+ Add
#125tongue (mouth)575stin, jezik, langu, lunaik+ Add
#127brother (generic; older or younger)572dănruš, pôiñ, štarb, ronnekFumehr
#128home (residence)570uu, Alblyul, kivat, tol+ Add
#129leaf (botanical)567neþu, gïfu, Kúvóu, dusa+ Add
#130this (proximal)565mbu, kun, ca, nau+ Add
#133because (generic)561qīx, kél, kéj, ohois+ Add
#135family (group of relatives)552icollos, pasakuju, sanu, noichtlimach
#136lake (body of water)548ka'apa, いろちけん, kölĕ, paw+ Add
=bad (unfavourable)547zrag, mas, Iaì, ler+ Add
#139swim (activity to be done in water)545patū, tena, adrir, կարատամո+ Add
#141leg (of animate thing)542kansjo, Kiendei , leg, b̃ɑ́kā+ Add
#142nose (meatball between eyes and mouth)538my, nəs, れも, van-+ Add
#143tooth (general)536nim, cilä, mortre, Фашпа+ Add
#144fall (via gravity)534izîsku, sớg, kaad, kutu+ Add
#145work (perform labour)533pjastɛ, zark, neest, drolalabor
#148thing (entity)529Konnit, xún, kosa, sáten+ Add
#149body (general)524manactal, guoŋ, jus, þyy+ Add
#153can (be able)518befet, tam, Kash-, kva+ Add
#154country (geopolitical area)517azia, bigalanda, ⱪas, han+ Add
#157dark (color)513fïþe, yscuridod, mar, mar+ Add
#158have (possess)509apuo, gefređen, vavu, вар+ Add
#163brown (colour)498dene, ink, bih, puro+ Add
#165son (family)494ram, brudam, ataz̧, сын+ Add
#166sister (non-specific age)493adohkosa, Xhäpe, mefed, сестраFehmehr
#173snow (generic)480tsupos, nevika, hiyo, falnfallekt
#174water (generic)479ej, iru, fesut, dayrDwrdhin
=hot (temperature)475uþic, vazhal, o, orāðīharr
#178if (generic)474pa, ýrä, vai, ih+ Add
=island (land in the sea)474iceg, măi, osront, öieCrelóm
#180egg (generic)473áxan, gheirchrame, uv, t'ich+ Add
=now (at this point!)472lytrel, glú, trair, na+ Add
#183ice (thing)471orë, mit, ktîgîns, diǧun+ Add
#184neck (the thing between your head and your shoulders)468Coui, munchua, , nozo+ Add
#185back (body)462amuzu, гомо, sken, wiru+ Add
#186stone (geological)459petro, phujr, thum, kón+ Add
#189finger (anatomy; those five long sticks that you have per hand)450dhyg, schlíṁh, nus, deza+ Add
#192stand (be upright)445tuŋam, tcing, mínasa, jyrún+ Add
#194king (male ruler)442fôlê, teln, varas, xārreikh
#195light (generic)440qeyan, isa, lisleiba, jenrovil
#196orange (colour)439harlos, narank, vimú, musa+ Add
#197mother (parent, biological or not)434nànè, Fehrma, Mahaar , moodirFehrma
#198hair (many strands)433mawakhe, siai, هدطلخ, çevela+ Add
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Viewing CWS in: English | Time now is 17-Oct-17 18:22