cws
Greetings Guest
home > tools > swadesh
▼ Top nouns ▼ Top verbs ▼ Top adjectives
Conlanger's Swadesh List
This is our own variant on the Swadesh List. The live list is based on the most commonly added words to languages on CWS. Only the top 200 words are listed here. The indicators on the very left show the word's change in position over the last 7 days.
#EnglishWordsExample WordsYour word
#1he/she/it/etc (3SG, see notes)5937łøháv, , ma, şul+ Add
#2i (1SG, see notes)5532thaba, aiyng, inu, -ag+ Add
#3you (2SG, see notes)3997la, , le, uno+ Add
#4we (1PL, see notes)3296ne, Ny, kena, do mmeda+ Add
#5one (1)3249iтs, zul, kem, ükse+ Add
#6they (3PL, see notes)2985fin, ele, fr, Illo+ Add
#7two (2)2933naaki, pi, to, + Add
#8eat (consume)2872ga'ne, ŧīm, ayip, o daci+ Add
#9see (visually)2674vedre, ʒal, ca, tu+ Add
#10you (2PL, see notes)2642nez, ězei, kōd, Ran+ Add
#12four (4)2501psáne, yom, vart, fa+ Add
#13five (5)2418wi, fir, them, fu+ Add
#15tree (vegetation)2258tha, laka, bien, giácây+ Add
#17language (form of communication)2214habel, zeø, ška, ažo+ Add
#19person (human being)2186ha, szari, vüyi, naj+ Add
#23black (colour)2040dzia, ddōgjhu, vits, ata+ Add
#25nine (9)2011nio, amko, tesa, jume+ Add
#26bird (animal)1997hérik, kekik, biu, ńâđ+ Add
#27hand (appendage)1942siu, ti, yadėk, olt+ Add
#28night (period of time)1938umji, ноиче, helretx, yche+ Add
#29do (action)1912tawa, Tehden, dəe, kur+ Add
#30eye (seeing thing)1895iyu, , sérag, aug+ Add
#31good (generic)1894Ẋev, bön, mlypac, voa+ Add
#32house (building to live in)1889hena, otc, cassa, kinu+ Add
#33red (colour)1884rox, lde, ćeworo, rεd+ Add
#35day (generic)1861rinžu, dia, Da, kegi+ Add
#36head (anatomy)1838poko 頭, kov, kili, + Add
#37and (generic)1806and, (uo) , E, mi+ Add
#38child (offspring)1786shora, si, del, chäl+ Add
#39woman (human female)1759fár, ying, aso, wan+ Add
#41animal (general)1702enokeo, Nûcemët, Dekh, osam+ Add
#42blue (colour)1698rig, būnum, siinin, bïk+ Add
#43come (arrive)1691venajef, doći, õq, كومه+ Add
#44sun (celestial)1667lumet', gitml, ézenet, ashul+ Add
#45fish (aquatic animal)1661bugȅ, adan, iżua-, fekk+ Add
#46white (colour)1628ezim, vuuch, Suhmé, bien+ Add
#47kill (take away one's life)1621mobivan, ikná, gix, nekša'eš+ Add
#48cold (temperature)1618cold, srigeti, âšarmä, väl+ Add
#49city (settlement)1602vik, stat, ύοραδ, irdžand+ Add
#50blood (bodily fluid)1590shereg, aessa, huf, xinc+ Add
#51food (edible)1580derakha, kiesa, gràic, vajjo+ Add
#52give (relinquish)1568éééǰarrr, yms, miq, tip+ Add
#53love (romantic)1564hetri, Hašianë, raima, śesaor+ Add
#54say (verbally)1563di, varag, 율 (言), Xharik + Add
#55walk (use legs)1560tu, teiŋ, camina, íak+ Add
#57go (to fare, move, leave, come, etc)1544kôi, Áo, radez, tambbat+ Add
#58hear (auditory)1538solli, ŋéwe, kolu, cheut+ Add
#59happy (emotion)1529lleens, hjeska, mersa, kak+ Add
#60name (identifier)1512bóhnal, ome, ušpu, tamu+ Add
#61air (general)1487jar, jeilfal, Awor, ei+ Add
#63die (cease to exist)1468nachne, morim, uruja, tu+ Add
#64star (celestial)1461Shanqix, zturara, sara, унэйш+ Add
#66man (adult male)1449masaam, Andah, meesaijənn, ne+ Add
#67time (temporal)1440orasu, ruup'aak, ngun, daonai+ Add
#69book (written work)1426bîznamû, , ponyān, ko+ Add
#70drink (generic)1418heel, uống, fe, laneh+ Add
=place (location, spot)1418yat, üd, palii, üruz+ Add
#72sky (atmosphere and space as seen from Earth)1410scethan, ëruju, ramâl, sukwum+ Add
#73cat (feline)1401kat, féla, toomъppaa, kalema+ Add
#74want (something)1373dēya, vantan, ahlab, uziksajik+ Add
#75girl (female child)1366tvella, zholaa, īlitin, Yana+ Add
#76new (generic)1341nÿmm, hany, ųsy, Ur+ Add
#77speak (utter words)1340идаӄ, ðèðã, umyeca, ligan+ Add
#78man (human male)1316bali, giro, wumot, sano+ Add
#80foot (body part)1284ön, puto, lyösi, ļör+ Add
#81hello (general greeting)1281ejen, taš, rhoba, Halvé+ Add
#82body (general)1280nenbernit, guoŋ, jus, þyy+ Add
#83cloud (weather)1270weolk, fürü, sir, nube+ Add
#84make (create/construct)1264ʃeosos, , maa, idaí+ Add
#85water (generic)1247iru, awi, rlhǒǒǒe, dayr+ Add
#86be (to exist)1246yaja, vew, Igar, mangi+ Add
#87rain (weather)1239regen, Ʃame, qoi, *ma:sa+ Add
#89family (group of relatives)1229예 (家), Tilig, Gá., nuzki+ Add
#90mother (parent, biological or not)1228Mahaar , mama, mader, moodir+ Add
#91word (linguistics)1212dobor, reč, palavra, uag+ Add
#93ear (anatomical)1194mabo, pėṡ, ōus, nir+ Add
#94year (365 days)1171, God, unqo, pỉ+ Add
#96home (residence)1162Alblyul, hōmâ, tol, dada'hala+ Add
#97door (entry)1153pxe, sape, Kryuk, manu+ Add
#100fall (via gravity)1134ii'oo, haule, kutu, цιт+ Add
#103bone (body stick)1129nuku, ‘uya, xnas, rogum+ Add
#104can (be able)1128wtws, Kash-, şpoşubŋ, kva+ Add
#105flower (botanical)1109ngulka, flor, blod, degh+ Add
=learn (to be taught, to know)1098, leran, aprèn, prehiver+ Add
#110take (into possession)1097konjinh, tǒru, gemmà, mashada+ Add
#111who (interrogative)1093htė, Zi, nyðre, kyu+ Add
#112country (geopolitical area)1086azia, ⱪas, witig, caxgot+ Add
#113ash (residue from burning)1081mi, øsca, skë, ȟålrag+ Add
#114sing (vocals)1077ŋacca, no, anx, sĉnĉe+ Add
#116art (general)1061kungydsc, kreka, bron, Kelne+ Add
#117bad (general)1060gardh, Hezhu, skeaya , Jōd+ Add
#118world (earth)1059wəhnu, uul, moyé, buś+ Add
#119mouth (anatomical)1054kuno, miêng, aebvii, しぇいん+ Add
#121speak (a particular language)1048helainaia, Spar, wgicg, warit+ Add
#123what (interrogative)1043mäi, hviz, so, quat+ Add
#126know (generic)1028hegħm, zisár, bhith, naam+ Add
#127swim (activity to be done in water)1023yohran, adrir, կարատամո, susamu+ Add
#128death (state of being dead)1020ysarad, k'at̂, rel, thír+ Add
=hot (temperature)1020o, orāðī, Hoþ, sia+ Add
#130water (liquid)1017wäter, ásin, zaŋ, + Add
#133live (be alive)1011Ran, ждорют, nam, nyumzi+ Add
#134land (ground)1009Figi, bumi, mealta, dzan+ Add
=area (noun)1009reý, muttā, zon, blaka+ Add
#137work (perform labour)1002arpete, zark, neest, drola+ Add
#138mother (biological)1000nørfa*, ere, majre, hemo+ Add
=leaf (botanical)1000spih, Kuvóu, lif, dusa+ Add
#140brother (generic; older or younger)999štarb, ronnek, van, toto+ Add
#143mountain (generic term)995đìvs, konu, mon, ykaqasa+ Add
#144dark (color)993cessari, ákúu, dverg, mar+ Add
#145fire (generic)992go, eldr, fasai, cas+ Add
#151sit (eg. sit on a chair)975asal, sitjan, laap, silaate+ Add
#153full (cf. empty)969coloyi'it, pleno, ipunnio, teya+ Add
#156bite (grab with teeth)963gof, 噛あいたん, patmil , timsi+ Add
#157now (at this point!)961hik, Farvo, trair, na+ Add
#159lake (body of water)952lacus, fiskudif, loqa, *tutaba+ Add
#161but (clause contrasting)942sauf, mai, ha, oefuşo+ Add
#163speak (generic)928karv, bënën, lu, háyo+ Add
#168island (land in the sea)911măi, osront, öie, kyawa+ Add
#169snow (generic)909hiyo, faln, samur, Sūnow+ Add
#173this (proximal)902mbu, szis, ca, mąkat+ Add
#174burn (fire)898esk, kju, ish, wérote+ Add
#176because (generic)890za, ka, kéj, ohois+ Add
#177fire (combustion)886rem, sirur, lðé, brenmer+ Add
#179car (vehicle)878Dryf, nádi, vitura, kar+ Add
#181egg (generic)876وا, ykl, ov, mon+ Add
#185king (male ruler)870varas, sactrov, xār, ríg+ Add
#186brown (colour)859bara, dene, bih, puro+ Add
#187eleven (11)856lan, dimono, renro, va+ Add
#188finger (anatomy; those five long sticks that you have per hand)855vrîchîngêr, nus, deza, rokþóu+ Add
#189light (generic)854Baraŋi, qeyan, lisleiba, jen+ Add
#190also (also)850haẓa, ŋa, eṣ, tio+ Add
=or (generic)850esjał, moi, rnul, ü+ Add
#192need (require)849dana, ekoga, calobe, serraam+ Add
#193life (the condition of living things)847čel, cakka, beth, xne+ Add
#194sister (non-specific age)846þayri, сестра, yemah, Meloksa+ Add
#195game (entertainment)843nád, leia, Gantos, azdar+ Add
#196parent (generic)841umapa, hasech, adrish, ǰaza+ Add
#197neck (the thing between your head and your shoulders)840afi, lunye, , nozo+ Add
#199back (rear section)836genam, Azero, cositi, kembali+ Add
privacy | FAQs | rules | statistics | graphs | donate | api (indev)
Viewing CWS in: English | Time now is 28-Jan-20 19:24 | Δt: 19681.078ms