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Conlanger's Swadesh List
This is our own variant on the Swadesh List. The live list is based on the most commonly added words to languages on CWS. Only the top 200 words are listed here. The indicators on the very left show the word's change in position over the last 7 days.
#EnglishWordsExample WordsYour word
#1he/she/it/etc (3SG, see notes)4837söte, , nae, łøháv+ Add
#2i (1SG, see notes)4536aiyng, inu, Ago, -ag+ Add
#3== (==)3565==, ==, ==, ==+ Add
#4you (2SG, see notes)3315tu, vïu, yakra', + Add
#5one (1)2711zul, kem, nie, ükse+ Add
#6we (1PL, see notes)2684wīs, jöl, kena, do mmeda+ Add
#7two (2)2427pi, to, xo, du+ Add
#8eat (consume)2384koā, ezufe, ga'ne, ŧīm+ Add
#9they (3PL, see notes)2347sila, fin, ele, Illo+ Add
#11see (visually)2156sa​ke, vedre, ʒal, tu+ Add
#12language (form of communication)2149hhuhurteo, habel, ška, ažo+ Add
#13you (2PL, see notes)2138talai, nez, ězei, kōd+ Add
#14four (4)2081ki, yom, vart, fa+ Add
#15five (5)2012them, hif, βοη, fu+ Add
#17person (human being)1952ha, szari, vüyi, naj+ Add
#18tree (vegetation)1890ledre, tha, bien, giácây+ Add
#19big (large)1884gíw , zalruk, mun, grandeas+ Add
#23dog (canine)1759Ѱар̌, firét, katul, oklo+ Add
#26nine (9)1680ca, nio, amko, jume+ Add
#27bird (animal)1674tajuk, hérik, kekik, biu+ Add
#28black (colour)1673dzia, ddōgjhu, vits, ata+ Add
#29and (generic)1665u, a, and, (uo) + Add
#30good (generic)1660Ẋev, bön, mlypac, voa+ Add
#31house (building to live in)1648hena, þasiř, otc, cassa+ Add
#32night (period of time)1638juceariebi, ноиче, helretx, yche+ Add
#33hand (appendage)1612рукъ, siu, ti, mano+ Add
#34eye (seeing thing)1611banutre, iyu, sérag, aug+ Add
#35red (colour)1596preakish, rox, lde, sutma+ Add
#36day (generic)1585rinžu, dia, Da, kegi+ Add
#37child (offspring)1575ñřý, pada, shora, si+ Add
#38do (action)1570nessi, pa, Doen, dəe+ Add
#39head (anatomy)1539kov, kili, zaul, + Add
#40sun (celestial)1531baŋ xēi, Kal'shar, gitml, ézenet+ Add
#41woman (human female)1526bepuf, wíto, fár, wan+ Add
#42give (relinquish)1451Donare, yms, miq, tip+ Add
#43come (arrive)1448venajef, õq, كومه, los+ Add
#44fish (aquatic animal)1440psari, bugȅ, adan, iżua-+ Add
#46blue (colour)1417chan, būnum, siinin, bïk+ Add
#47love (romantic)1398finti, pregwi, hetri, Hašianë+ Add
#48go (to fare, move, leave, come, etc)1392wir, radez, nduuam, tambbat+ Add
#49white (colour)1369dzhul, vuuch, Suhmé, bien+ Add
#50blood (bodily fluid)1355shereg, aessa, ṣim, xinc+ Add
#51die (cease to exist)1354sisga, nachne, uruja, tu+ Add
#52kill (take away one's life)1352ojhaäsom, ikná, gix, nekša'eš+ Add
#55man (adult male)1329vīros, atszik, Andah, meesaijənn+ Add
#57name (identifier)1319dig, bóhnal, ome, ušpu+ Add
=say (verbally)1312dijan, di, 율 (言), Xharik + Add
#60city (settlement)1291shūdad, vik, stat, irdžand+ Add
#62drink (generic)1286heel, uống, fe, laneh+ Add
#64happy (emotion)1263lleens, mersa, kak, me:iʂ+ Add
#65sky (atmosphere and space as seen from Earth)1257evana, scethan, ëruju, ramâl+ Add
#66star (celestial)1251Shanqix, zturara, sara, унэйш+ Add
#68hear (auditory)1237solli, ŋéwe, kolu, chùt+ Add
#69time (temporal)1196tempe, темпо, ngun, daonai+ Add
#71book (written work)1189ttáekka, , ponyān, ko+ Add
#73speak (utter words)1163ţωkєt, идаӄ, umyeca, ligan+ Add
#74air (general)1162seru, jar, jeilfal, ei+ Add
#75place (location, spot)1153에코/체코/차코, Ḳnér, yat, palii+ Add
#76want (something)1148dēya, vantan, ahlab, + Add
#77make (create/construct)1137ʃeosos, , maa, idaí+ Add
#78new (generic)1134návu, Újyy, nÿmm, hany+ Add
#79be (to exist)1120yaja, vew, Igar, mangi+ Add
#80girl (female child)1115zholaa, īlitin, koré, Yana+ Add
#81hello (general greeting)1110ह૨⭝勠, naamsakaar, ejen, rhoba+ Add
#82foot (body part)1097stopda, puto, lyösi, ļör+ Add
=yellow (colour)1097TI, jaun, ɉyeroz, galu+ Add
#84cloud (weather)1066yfÿé, weolk, fürü, nube+ Add
#86water (generic)1049tūˀ, iru, awi, dayr+ Add
#88year (365 days)1027, God, unqo, pỉ+ Add
#90ear (anatomical)1022htawnyam, mabo, vumes, ōus+ Add
#91man (human male)1017môg, nápah, giro, sano+ Add
#92body (general)1015nenbernit, guoŋ, jus, þyy+ Add
#93word (linguistics)1012ńuqe, reč, palavra, uag+ Add
#94family (group of relatives)1004예 (家), Tilig, фамилия, nuzki+ Add
#97take (into possession)994tegi, konjinh, tǒru, gemmà+ Add
#98bone (body stick)992laaing, nuku, ‘uya, xnas+ Add
#101home (residence)966kivat, hōmâ, tol, dada'hala+ Add
=speak (a particular language)966kuaka, helainaia, wgicg, warit+ Add
#103flower (botanical)962ngulka, flor, blod, degh+ Add
#105who (interrogative)959ey, htė, nyðre, kyu+ Add
#106mouth (anatomical)954kuno, miêng, aebvii, しぇいん+ Add
#107mother (parent, biological or not)952iaatyr, Mahaar , mama, moodir+ Add
#108what (interrogative)944mäi, hviz, so, quat+ Add
#110water (liquid)939ásin, zaŋ, , ti+ Add
#111can (be able)929zdov, Kash-, şpoşubŋ, kva+ Add
#113live (be alive)927alha, kôvau, Ran, nyumzi+ Add
#115death (state of being dead)922hĕa, k'at̂, rel, thír+ Add
=fall (via gravity)922rɛʒel, pcf, haule, kutu+ Add
#117land (ground)917edalt, Figi, mealta, dzan+ Add
#118sing (vocals)916eli, 卜人ラ, ŋacca, anx+ Add
=ash (residue from burning)916øsca, skë, ȟålrag, ajış+ Add
#120understand (comprehend)912rogoko, kunnga, pīcfō, amake+ Add
=door (entry)906pxe, sape, Kryuk, manu+ Add
#126country (geopolitical area)905azia, ⱪas, witig, caxgot+ Add
#127not (negator)904ma, er, ne, kongya+ Add
#128mountain (generic term)903aharunzani, lemna, konu, ykaqasa+ Add
#131but (clause contrasting)889sauf, mai, ha, oefuşo+ Add
#132fire (combustion)880loqqindeq, rem, sirur, lðé+ Add
#134swim (activity to be done in water)878tena, yohran, adrir, կարատամո+ Add
#136leaf (botanical)876gïfu, zerp, Kuvóu, dusa+ Add
#139this (proximal)862mbu, szis, kun, ca+ Add
#140work (perform labour)858root, zark, neest, drola+ Add
#141brother (generic; older or younger)856dănruš, štarb, ronnek, toto+ Add
#142hot (temperature)848vazhal, o, orāðī, sia+ Add
#144lake (body of water)847ghāsuinē, lacus, fiskudif, loqa+ Add
#145dark (color)844cessari, ákúu, dverg, mar+ Add
#150bite (grab with teeth)821kanh, gof, 噛あいたん, patmil + Add
#152bad (general)814lakali, Hezhu, skeaya , Jōd+ Add
#154now (at this point!)808Farvo, tada, trair, na+ Add
#156burn (fire)796kju, pyorer, ish, wérote+ Add
#157know (generic)795hegħm, zisár, bhith, naam+ Add
#158son (family)794brudi, kasa, uabt, сын+ Add
#159art (general)793kungydsc, kreka, bron, Kelne+ Add
#160stand (be upright)792valit, jyrún, jelewe, njo+ Add
#161because (generic)791za, ka, kéj, ohois+ Add
#162island (land in the sea)786măi, osront, öie, kyawa+ Add
#164think (generic)785yjyté, pʰoz, ojlajé, siang+ Add
#166know (a fact)781xüňyx, honja, jisabek, masi+ Add
#167snow (generic)779nevika, hiyo, faln, samur+ Add
=or (generic)774esjał, moi, rnul, ü+ Add
#171no (negative)771dūn, non, Œi, haino+ Add
#175sit (eg. sit on a chair)764Sete, asal, sitjan, silaate+ Add
=light (generic)764qeyan, isa, lisleiba, jen+ Add
#177egg (generic)752pooż, وا, ov, mon+ Add
=brown (colour)752bara, dene, bih, puro+ Add
#181sister (non-specific age)739süster, þayri, сестра, Meloksa+ Add
#183king (male ruler)737teln, varas, sactrov, xār+ Add
#184from 736z, telte, nir, de+ Add
#185finger (anatomy; those five long sticks that you have per hand)734vrîchîngêr, nus, deza, rokþóu+ Add
=wind (movement of air)722ojic, çerr, hei, jár+ Add
#193neck (the thing between your head and your shoulders)720bhaid, lunye, , nozo+ Add
#195if (generic)718ᚷᛁᚠ, ýrä, vai, ih+ Add
=also (also)718haẓa, ŋa, eṣ, tio+ Add
#197parent (generic)713Tuoli, hasech, adrish, ǰaza+ Add
#198bread (Comes in loaves)712xlebo, pen, bãrd, iqhu+ Add
=love (generic 💘)712qozi, ḍíso, jaskja, •\-3\+5+ Add
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