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Conlanger's Swadesh List
This is our own variant on the Swadesh List. The live list is based on the most commonly added words to languages on CWS. Only the top 200 words are listed here. The indicators on the very left show the word's change in position over the last 7 days.
#EnglishWordsExample WordsYour word
#1he/she/it/etc (3SG, see notes)5014ár, söte, nae, łøháv+ Add
#2i (1SG, see notes)4669aiyng, inu, Ago, -ag+ Add
#3you (2SG, see notes)3444yakra', , le, uno+ Add
#4== (==)3301==, ==, ==, ==+ Add
#5one (1)2797zul, kem, nie, ükse+ Add
#6we (1PL, see notes)2783jöl, Ny, kena, do mmeda+ Add
#7two (2)2508sví, pi, to, xo+ Add
#8eat (consume)2470ezufe, ga'ne, ŧīm, o daci+ Add
#9they (3PL, see notes)2464mis, fin, ele, Illo+ Add
#10you (2PL, see notes)2267nez, ězei, kōd, Ran+ Add
#12see (visually)2235sa​ke, vedre, ʒal, tu+ Add
#13language (form of communication)2196habel, zeø, ška, ažo+ Add
#14four (4)2150ki, yom, vart, fa+ Add
#15five (5)2087fir, them, βοη, fu+ Add
#16person (human being)2016ha, szari, vüyi, naj+ Add
#18big (large)1984gíw , zalruk, mun, grandeas+ Add
#19tree (vegetation)1938tha, laka, bien, giácây+ Add
#23dog (canine)1804Ѱар̌, firét, katul, oklo+ Add
#26black (colour)1741dzia, ddōgjhu, vits, ata+ Add
#27nine (9)1737ca, nio, amko, jume+ Add
#28good (generic)1725Ẋev, bön, mlypac, voa+ Add
#29bird (animal)1722tajuk, hérik, kekik, biu+ Add
#30house (building to live in)1712hena, þasiř, otc, cassa+ Add
#31and (generic)1705u, a, and, (uo) + Add
#32night (period of time)1691juceariebi, ноиче, helretx, yche+ Add
#33red (colour)1667preakish, rox, lde, sutma+ Add
#34hand (appendage)1666рукъ, siu, ti, mano+ Add
#35eye (seeing thing)1661banutre, iyu, sérag, aug+ Add
#36child (offspring)1626pada, shora, si, del+ Add
=do (action)1626nessi, pa, Doen, dəe+ Add
#38day (generic)1625rinžu, dia, Da, kegi+ Add
#39head (anatomy)1598ränã, kov, kili, + Add
#40woman (human female)1569bepuf, fár, ying, wan+ Add
#41sun (celestial)1553lumet', gitml, ézenet, ashul+ Add
#43come (arrive)1489venajef, õq, كومه, los+ Add
#44blue (colour)1482rig, būnum, siinin, bïk+ Add
#45fish (aquatic animal)1481psari, bugȅ, adan, iżua-+ Add
#46give (relinquish)1470Donare, yms, miq, tip+ Add
#47white (colour)1436ezim, vuuch, Suhmé, bien+ Add
#48love (romantic)1431maji, finti, hetri, Hašianë+ Add
#49go (to fare, move, leave, come, etc)1416wir, radez, nduuam, tambbat+ Add
#50animal (general)1408tebu, enokeo, Nûcemët, osam+ Add
#51blood (bodily fluid)1403shereg, aessa, ṣim, xinc+ Add
#52kill (take away one's life)1391ojhaäsom, ikná, gix, nekša'eš+ Add
#53die (cease to exist)1384nachne, morim, uruja, tu+ Add
#57say (verbally)1367di, varag, 율 (言), Xharik + Add
#58name (identifier)1362dig, bóhnal, ome, ušpu+ Add
#59man (adult male)1361vīros, atszik, Andah, meesaijənn+ Add
#60city (settlement)1352shūdad, vik, stat, irdžand+ Add
#62happy (emotion)1311lleens, mersa, kak, me:iʂ+ Add
#64drink (generic)1307heel, uống, fe, laneh+ Add
#65star (celestial)1300Shanqix, zturara, sara, унэйш+ Add
#66hear (auditory)1291solli, ŋéwe, kolu, chùt+ Add
#68sky (atmosphere and space as seen from Earth)1280evana, scethan, ëruju, ramâl+ Add
#69time (temporal)1260tempe, ruup'aak, ngun, daonai+ Add
#70book (written work)1234ttáekka, , ponyān, ko+ Add
#72cat (feline)1227neko, ngaKõõ, féla, kalema+ Add
#73air (general)1224seru, jar, jeilfal, ei+ Add
#74place (location, spot)1206에코/체코/차코, Ḳnér, yat, palii+ Add
#75speak (utter words)1199идаӄ, ðèðã, umyeca, ligan+ Add
#76want (something)1190Midrhafortx, dēya, vantan, ahlab+ Add
#77new (generic)1188návu, Újyy, nÿmm, hany+ Add
#78make (create/construct)1174ʃeosos, , maa, idaí+ Add
#79girl (female child)1166tvella, zholaa, īlitin, Yana+ Add
#80yellow (colour)1152jaun, Chaline, ɉyeroz, galu+ Add
#81be (to exist)1150yaja, vew, Igar, mangi+ Add
#82hello (general greeting)1139ह૨⭝勠, naamsakaar, ejen, rhoba+ Add
#83foot (body part)1125stopda, puto, lyösi, ļör+ Add
#84cloud (weather)1105weolk, fürü, sir, nube+ Add
#85water (generic)1094tūˀ, iru, awi, dayr+ Add
#87body (general)1074nenbernit, guoŋ, jus, þyy+ Add
#89man (human male)1061bali, faev, giro, sano+ Add
=year (365 days)1061, God, unqo, pỉ+ Add
#91word (linguistics)1059ńuqe, reč, palavra, uag+ Add
#92family (group of relatives)1058bauko, 예 (家), Tilig, nuzki+ Add
#93ear (anatomical)1054htawnyam, mabo, vumes, ōus+ Add
#95take (into possession)1038tegi, konjinh, tǒru, gemmà+ Add
#98bone (body stick)1021laaing, nuku, ‘uya, xnas+ Add
#99mother (parent, biological or not)1019mɑm, Mahaar , mama, moodir+ Add
#100home (residence)1012kivat, hōmâ, tol, dada'hala+ Add
#103who (interrogative)1003ey, htė, nyðre, kyu+ Add
#105flower (botanical)987ngulka, flor, blod, degh+ Add
#106speak (a particular language)982kuaka, helainaia, wgicg, warit+ Add
#107mouth (anatomical)978kuno, miêng, aebvii, しぇいん+ Add
#108what (interrogative)975mäi, hviz, so, quat+ Add
#110live (be alive)969alha, kôvau, Ran, nyumzi+ Add
#111water (liquid)967ásin, zaŋ, , ti+ Add
#112can (be able)964zdov, Kash-, şpoşubŋ, kva+ Add
#113fall (via gravity)959rɛʒel, pcf, haule, kutu+ Add
#115ash (residue from burning)946skë, azère, ȟålrag, ajış+ Add
=door (entry)946pxe, sape, Kryuk, manu+ Add
#117sing (vocals)945eli, 卜人ラ, ŋacca, anx+ Add
#118understand (comprehend)943rogoko, kunnga, pīcfō, amake+ Add
#119country (geopolitical area)942azia, ⱪas, witig, caxgot+ Add
#123death (state of being dead)935hĕa, k'at̂, rel, thír+ Add
#124land (ground)934edalt, Figi, mealta, dzan+ Add
#130not (negator)917ma, er, ne, kongya+ Add
#131mountain (generic term)911aharunzani, lemna, konu, ykaqasa+ Add
#132swim (activity to be done in water)908yohran, adrir, կարատամո, susamu+ Add
#133leaf (botanical)903gïfu, zerp, Kuvóu, dusa+ Add
#135brother (generic; older or younger)899dănruš, štarb, ronnek, toto+ Add
=but (clause contrasting)899sauf, mai, ha, oefuşo+ Add
#139hot (temperature)890o, orāðī, Hoþ, sia+ Add
#140work (perform labour)889root, zark, neest, drola+ Add
#141fire (combustion)887loqqindeq, rem, sirur, lðé+ Add
#143this (proximal)884mbu, szis, kun, ca+ Add
#144bad (general)881Jār, Hezhu, skeaya , Jōd+ Add
#146lake (body of water)874ghāsuinē, lacus, fiskudif, loqa+ Add
#147dark (color)865cessari, ákúu, dverg, mar+ Add
#151art (general)847kungydsc, kreka, bron, Kelne+ Add
#152bite (grab with teeth)843kanh, gof, 噛あいたん, patmil + Add
#154now (at this point!)839glú, Farvo, trair, na+ Add
#155know (generic)838hegħm, zisár, bhith, naam+ Add
#158son (family)827brudam, brudi, kasa, сын+ Add
#160full (cf. empty)822coloyi'it, pleno, ipunnio, teya+ Add
#161burn (fire)819kju, pyorer, ish, wérote+ Add
#162stand (be upright)817ырун, valit, jyrún, jelewe+ Add
#164because (generic)812za, ka, kéj, ohois+ Add
=island (land in the sea)812măi, osront, öie, kyawa+ Add
#168snow (generic)805nevika, hiyo, faln, samur+ Add
#169sit (eg. sit on a chair)803Sete, asal, sitjan, silaate+ Add
#174or (generic)796esjał, moi, rnul, ü+ Add
#175light (generic)792qeyan, isa, lisleiba, jen+ Add
#176know (a fact)783xüňyx, honja, jisabek, masi+ Add
=brown (colour)783bara, dene, bih, puro+ Add
#178egg (generic)782وا, ykl, ov, mon+ Add
#179no (negative)774dūn, non, Œi, haino+ Add
#180king (male ruler)769teln, varas, sactrov, xār+ Add
=sister (non-specific age)769süster, þayri, сестра, Meloksa+ Add
#184finger (anatomy; those five long sticks that you have per hand)754vrîchîngêr, nus, deza, rokþóu+ Add
#189parent (generic)750Tuoli, hasech, adrish, ǰaza+ Add
#191from 747z, nir, suqa, de+ Add
=also (also)747haẓa, ŋa, eṣ, tio+ Add
#195if (generic)736ᚷᛁᚠ, ýrä, vai, ih+ Add
#197neck (the thing between your head and your shoulders)733bhaid, lunye, , nozo+ Add
#198wind (movement of air)729ojic, çerr, hei, jár+ Add
#199thing (entity)728xún, ṯin̄, kosa, sáten+ Add
#200speak (generic)727m'o, karv, lu, háyo+ Add
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