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Conlanger's Swadesh List
This is our own variant on the Swadesh List. The live list is based on the most commonly added words to languages on CWS. Only the top 200 words are listed here. The indicators on the very left show the word's change in position over the last 7 days.
#EnglishWordsExample WordsYour word
#1he/she/it/etc (3SG, see notes)5271ár, söte, nae, łøháv+ Add
#2i (1SG, see notes)4838aiyng, inu, Ago, -ag+ Add
#3you (2SG, see notes)3574yakra', , le, uno+ Add
#4one (1)2926zul, kem, nie, ükse+ Add
#5we (1PL, see notes)2877jöl, Ny, kena, do mmeda+ Add
#6they (3PL, see notes)2660mis, fin, ele, Illo+ Add
#7two (2)2623pi, to, xo, + Add
#8eat (consume)2590ga'ne, ŧīm, ayip, o daci+ Add
#10see (visually)2343sa​ke, vedre, ʒal, tu+ Add
#11you (2PL, see notes)2338nez, ězei, kōd, Ran+ Add
#12four (4)2241ki, yom, vart, fa+ Add
#13language (form of communication)2202habel, zeø, ška, ažo+ Add
#14five (5)2176fir, them, βοη, fu+ Add
#17person (human being)2062ha, szari, vüyi, naj+ Add
#18tree (vegetation)2017tha, laka, bien, giácây+ Add
#25black (colour)1815dzia, ddōgjhu, vits, ata+ Add
#26nine (9)1814ca, nio, amko, jume+ Add
#27bird (animal)1809tajuk, hérik, kekik, biu+ Add
#29house (building to live in)1770hena, þasiř, otc, cassa+ Add
#30good (generic)1767Ẋev, bön, mlypac, voa+ Add
#31and (generic)1752a, and, (uo) , mi+ Add
#32night (period of time)1751umji, ноиче, helretx, yche+ Add
#33hand (appendage)1729siu, ti, mano, olt+ Add
#34do (action)1728nessi, pa, Doen, dəe+ Add
#35eye (seeing thing)1727dono, iyu, sérag, aug+ Add
#36red (colour)1724preakish, rox, lde, sutma+ Add
#37day (generic)1675rinžu, dia, Da, kegi+ Add
#38child (offspring)1673pada, shora, si, del+ Add
#39head (anatomy)1662ränã, kov, kili, + Add
#40woman (human female)1624bepuf, fár, ying, wan+ Add
#41sun (celestial)1575lumet', gitml, ézenet, ashul+ Add
#43come (arrive)1565venajef, doći, õq, كومه+ Add
#44blue (colour)1531rig, būnum, siinin, bïk+ Add
#45fish (aquatic animal)1523psari, bugȅ, adan, iżua-+ Add
#46give (relinquish)1499Donare, yms, miq, tip+ Add
#47animal (general)1490tebu, enokeo, Nûcemët, osam+ Add
=white (colour)1490ezim, vuuch, Suhmé, bien+ Add
#49love (romantic)1481maji, finti, hetri, Hašianë+ Add
#50go (to fare, move, leave, come, etc)1466wir, radez, nduuam, tambbat+ Add
#51blood (bodily fluid)1461shereg, aessa, ṣim, xinc+ Add
#52kill (take away one's life)1458ojhaäsom, ikná, gix, nekša'eš+ Add
#54cold (temperature)1448cold, srigeti, âšarmä, väl+ Add
#56die (cease to exist)1424nachne, morim, uruja, tu+ Add
#57say (verbally)1421di, varag, 율 (言), Xharik + Add
#58city (settlement)1413shūdad, vik, stat, irdžand+ Add
#59name (identifier)1402dig, bóhnal, ome, ušpu+ Add
#61man (adult male)1383vīros, atszik, Andah, meesaijənn+ Add
#62happy (emotion)1365hjeska, mersa, kak, me:iʂ+ Add
#63hear (auditory)1361solli, ŋéwe, kolu, chùt+ Add
#66drink (generic)1339heel, uống, fe, laneh+ Add
#67star (celestial)1336Shanqix, zturara, sara, унэйш+ Add
#68time (temporal)1318tempe, ruup'aak, ngun, daonai+ Add
#69sky (atmosphere and space as seen from Earth)1311evana, scethan, ëruju, ramâl+ Add
#70air (general)1306seru, jar, jeilfal, ei+ Add
#71book (written work)1286bîznamû, , ponyān, ko+ Add
#72place (location, spot)1282에코/체코/차코, Ḳnér, yat, palii+ Add
#75want (something)1255dēya, vantan, ahlab, uziksajik+ Add
#76speak (utter words)1229идаӄ, ðèðã, umyeca, ligan+ Add
#77new (generic)1226návu, Újyy, nÿmm, hany+ Add
#78make (create/construct)1218ʃeosos, , maa, idaí+ Add
#79girl (female child)1217tvella, zholaa, īlitin, Yana+ Add
#81be (to exist)1183yaja, vew, Igar, mangi+ Add
#82foot (body part)1170stopda, puto, lyösi, ļör+ Add
#83hello (general greeting)1161ह૨⭝勠, naamsakaar, ejen, rhoba+ Add
#84cloud (weather)1149weolk, fürü, sir, nube+ Add
#85body (general)1136nenbernit, guoŋ, jus, þyy+ Add
#86man (human male)1131nápah, bali, giro, sano+ Add
#87water (generic)1129tūˀ, iru, awi, dayr+ Add
#89family (group of relatives)1098bauko, 예 (家), Tilig, nuzki+ Add
#90word (linguistics)1096ńuqe, reč, palavra, uag+ Add
#93ear (anatomical)1090htawnyam, mabo, vumes, ōus+ Add
#94year (365 days)1083, God, unqo, pỉ+ Add
#95mother (parent, biological or not)1079mɑm, Mahaar , mama, moodir+ Add
#97take (into possession)1066tegi, konjinh, tǒru, gemmà+ Add
#102home (residence)1055Alblyul, hōmâ, tol, dada'hala+ Add
#103bone (body stick)1048laaing, nuku, ‘uya, xnas+ Add
#104who (interrogative)1036ey, htė, nyðre, kyu+ Add
#105fall (via gravity)1017rɛʒel, pcf, haule, kutu+ Add
#106can (be able)1014zdov, Kash-, şpoşubŋ, kva+ Add
#107flower (botanical)1013ngulka, flor, blod, degh+ Add
#108understand (comprehend)1002kunnga, pīcfō, amake, capir+ Add
#109door (entry)1000pxe, sape, Kryuk, manu+ Add
#112mouth (anatomical)999kuno, miêng, aebvii, しぇいん+ Add
=what (interrogative)999mäi, hviz, so, quat+ Add
#114live (be alive)995ljaf, kôvau, Ran, nyumzi+ Add
#115speak (a particular language)986kuaka, helainaia, wgicg, warit+ Add
#116ash (residue from burning)985øsca, skë, azère, ȟålrag+ Add
#117sing (vocals)984卜人ラ, ŋacca, no, anx+ Add
#119country (geopolitical area)981azia, ⱪas, witig, caxgot+ Add
#120water (liquid)977ásin, zaŋ, , ti+ Add
#123land (ground)971edalt, Figi, mealta, dzan+ Add
#125death (state of being dead)958hĕa, k'at̂, rel, thír+ Add
#126mother (biological)953namaa, hûpu`û, nørfa*, majre+ Add
#128not (negator)946ma, er, ne, kongya+ Add
#130swim (activity to be done in water)943yohran, adrir, կարատամո, susamu+ Add
#132bad (general)936gardh, Hezhu, skeaya , Jōd+ Add
#133work (perform labour)934root, zark, neest, drola+ Add
#134mountain (generic term)931aharunzani, lemna, konu, ykaqasa+ Add
#137leaf (botanical)928spih, Kuvóu, lif, dusa+ Add
#138hot (temperature)922o, orāðī, Hoþ, sia+ Add
#140brother (generic; older or younger)920dănruš, štarb, ronnek, toto+ Add
#141but (clause contrasting)918sauf, mai, ha, oefuşo+ Add
=art (general)917kungydsc, kreka, bron, Kelne+ Add
#146know (generic)894hegħm, zisár, bhith, naam+ Add
=this (proximal)894mbu, szis, kun, ca+ Add
#149lake (body of water)891ghāsuinē, lacus, fiskudif, loqa+ Add
#152fire (combustion)886loqqindeq, rem, sirur, lðé+ Add
#154bite (grab with teeth)876kanh, gof, 噛あいたん, patmil + Add
=now (at this point!)876glú, Farvo, trair, na+ Add
#156area (noun)875yason, reý, muttā, zon+ Add
#162sit (eg. sit on a chair)859Sete, asal, sitjan, silaate+ Add
#163full (cf. empty)858coloyi'it, pleno, ipunnio, teya+ Add
#167because (generic)843za, ka, kéj, ohois+ Add
#168son (family)841brudam, brudi, kasa, сын+ Add
#170island (land in the sea)834măi, osront, öie, kyawa+ Add
#172snow (generic)827nevika, hiyo, faln, samur+ Add
#174egg (generic)819وا, ykl, ov, mon+ Add
#175or (generic)818esjał, moi, rnul, ü+ Add
#177king (male ruler)803teln, varas, sactrov, xār+ Add
#178light (generic)799qeyan, isa, lisleiba, jen+ Add
#181brown (colour)796bara, dene, bih, puro+ Add
#182know (a fact)795honja, kako, jisabek, masi+ Add
#184sister (non-specific age)792süster, þayri, сестра, Meloksa+ Add
#185no (negative)787dūn, non, Œi, haino+ Add
#190also (also)778haẓa, ŋa, eṣ, tio+ Add
#191from 777z, nir, suqa, de+ Add
#192fire (generic)776iig, eldr, fasai, cas+ Add
#193finger (anatomy; those five long sticks that you have per hand)774vrîchîngêr, nus, deza, rokþóu+ Add
#194speak (generic)772m'o, karv, lu, háyo+ Add
#197car (vehicle)762dhaċċā, Dryf, nádi, vitura+ Add
#198neck (the thing between your head and your shoulders)761bhaid, lunye, , nozo+ Add
#199if (generic)760ᚷᛁᚠ, ýrä, vai, ih+ Add
#200need (require)755dana, ekoga, calobe, serraam+ Add
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