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Typological database
This page allows you to compare typological data across conlangs on CWS.
Language [compare with another language]
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VOK VodholkPast tense remotenessNo degrees of remotenesssevery
VOK VodholkPronoun persons1st/2nd/3rd/4th personssevery
VOK VodholkMarked person (verb)1st/2nd/3rd/4th personssevery
VOK VodholkTense/aspect suppletionAspect and tensesevery
VOK VodholkSyllable structureComplexsevery
VOK VodholkBase counting systemOctal (8)severy
VOK VodholkPronoun-noun possessionAffix/Cliticsevery
VOK VodholkNegation markingAffixsevery
VOK VodholkCopula droppingAlwayssevery
VOK VodholkMorphological typologyAnalyticalsevery
VOK VodholkVowel inventory sizeAveragesevery
VOK VodholkLabial typesLabials (bilabials and labiodentals) onlysevery
VOK VodholkPrimary writing systemConscriptsevery
VOK VodholkUnmarked moodDeclarative or indicativesevery
VOK VodholkDemonstrative proximityDistal/Medial/Proximalsevery
VOK VodholkNoun-noun possessionGenitive or possessive casesevery
VOK VodholkAdposition head-directionalityHead finalsevery
VOK VodholkNoun head-directionalityHead initialsevery
VOK VodholkVerb head-directionalityHead initialsevery
VOK VodholkInclusive/exclusive pronounsDistinct formssevery
VOK VodholkPolar question markingInterrogative verb markingsevery
VOK VodholkConsonant-vowel ratioLowsevery
VOK VodholkPrimary directional systemMixed / othersevery
VOK VodholkReduplication functionMultiple functionssevery
VOK VodholkVowel phonationNo distinctions (modal only)severy
VOK VodholkFuture tenseModal/Auxiliarysevery
VOK VodholkOptativeModal/auxiliarysevery
VOK VodholkNumber of nominal casesEight cases or moresevery
VOK VodholkNumber of pronominal casesEight cases or moresevery
VOK VodholkContour clicksNo clickssevery
VOK VodholkCoarticulation / Consonant seriesNonesevery
VOK VodholkGlottalised consonantsNo glottalised consonantssevery
VOK VodholkNasalsNo nasal phonemessevery
VOK VodholkPhonation typesNo distinctionsevery
VOK VodholkToneNo phonemic tonesevery
VOK VodholkAlienabilityNo alienabilitysevery
VOK VodholkPossession distinctionsNonesevery
VOK VodholkVowel harmonyNonesevery
VOK VodholkVowel harmony scopeNo vowel harmonysevery
VOK VodholkUnmarked evidentialEvidentiality not usedsevery
VOK VodholkNoun-adjective orderNoun firstsevery
VOK VodholkNoun-numeral orderNoun firstsevery
VOK VodholkVowel harmony exemptionsNo vowel harmonysevery
VOK VodholkMorphosyntactic alignmentNominative/Accusativesevery
VOK VodholkEvidentiality distinctionsNot usedsevery
VOK VodholkAnimacy distinctionsNonesevery
VOK VodholkDefinite articleNonesevery
VOK VodholkDouble negativesNot possiblesevery
VOK VodholkCoding of evidentialityNonesevery
VOK VodholkGendersNonesevery
VOK VodholkPresence of /b/, /d/, and /g/Nonesevery
VOK VodholkIndefinite articleNonesevery
VOK VodholkNoun incorporationNonesevery
VOK VodholkRetroflex consonantsNonesevery
VOK VodholkUvular consonantsNonesevery
VOK VodholkReciprocalsNonesevery
VOK VodholkMarked transitivity (verb)Nonesevery
VOK VodholkValence increasing voicesNonesevery
VOK VodholkPerfectNonesevery
VOK VodholkDual pluractional formsNo pluractionalitysevery
VOK VodholkSuppletion in pluractional formsNo pluractionalitysevery
VOK VodholkPluractionalityNosevery
VOK VodholkReduplication formOthersevery
VOK VodholkAdjective agreementOthersevery
VOK VodholkMarked aspect (verb)Othersevery
VOK VodholkValence decreasing voicesPassive onlysevery
VOK VodholkMarked voice (verb)Passive onlysevery
VOK VodholkScript typePictographic/Ideographicsevery
VOK VodholkPresence of /p/, /t/, and /k//p/, and /k/severy
VOK VodholkMass/noncount nounsTreated as pluralsevery
VOK VodholkUnmarked tensePresentsevery
VOK VodholkRelative clause morphologyRelative pronounsevery
VOK VodholkMarked tense (verb)Past, Non-Pastsevery
VOK VodholkRelative clause headPronoun retainedsevery
VOK VodholkNoun-relative clause orderRelative clause firstsevery
VOK VodholkFixed stress locationSecond syllablesevery
VOK VodholkNoun numbersSingular/Pluralsevery
VOK VodholkPronoun numbersSingular/Pluralsevery
VOK VodholkPhonemic vowel lengthShort/Longsevery
VOK VodholkConsonant inventory sizeSmallsevery
VOK VodholkVerb agreementSubject and objectsevery
VOK VodholkPrimary word orderTopic-Commentsevery
VOK VodholkPossessor-possessee orderVariessevery
VOK VodholkReflexivesVoicesevery
VOK VodholkClick phonationsNo clickssevery
VOK VodholkClick releasesNo clickssevery
VOK VodholkPronoun dropping?Yessevery
VOK VodholkConstituent dislocation possibleYessevery
VOK VodholkStress marked?Yes - diacriticsevery
VOK VodholkPolar question answersYes/Nosevery
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