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on naming in Mañian cultures
This public article was written by protondonor, and last updated on 14 Nov 2020, 00:56.
4. Mañi names
5. Mañi verbsNames in Mañi and related languages are primarily based on dates of the Mañi calendar. Specifically, a person's official legal name is their birth date. For instance, a Hlung person born on 12 Outrigger has the name Sịyịhạạsạ Ra Jakwarał (gloss: ten two outrigger).
Since any large group of people almost certainly has two people with the same birth date, there are various strategies for disambiguating people. The simplest, which is common among small communities or small groups of people (e.g. classrooms, families, or workplaces), is to add a description. So if two Hlung people born on 7 Cashew Apple work in the same office, but are very different ages, one of them might be referred to as Ŋụlẹrạ Kułujiko Ñek (seven cashew.apple young), or just Ñek for short, and the other Ŋụlẹrạ Kułujiko Rar (seven cashew.apple old) or just Rar. Other traits, like moiety, gender, or height can also be used as descriptions. These descriptions are usually restricted to that particular context, and only used when necessary.
Given names, which precede the birth date name, are common among notable figures and elders. The most famous example is the warlord Mirèñą Zamřani Zįʼąząļì Liì "Tiger's Claw 13 Seabird", who conquered the highland tribes and united the first Quaxin Xun polity. Animal names, such as Ząmřani "Tiger", ʼAchùlani "Cormorant", or Chułiko "Rabbit", are common as honorific names commemorating a particular deed, as are names like Mirèñą Zamřani "Tiger's Claw", Į̀ŋuʼa ʼAchùlani "Cormorant's Wing", or Rùchani Chułiko "Rabbit's Paw".
More common than given names are bynames, which follow the birth date name. They are often adjectives, such as Ndxiixun Se² "cruel, vicious, hard-hearted", as in the name of Hé³xi² Ñą¹³mba³ Se², leader of Quaxin Xun during the Great Ekuosian War. They may also be descriptive verbal phrases, such as Hlung Tọnụldạh "burnt, arson victim", as in the name of Bosato footballer Jń Tọnụldạh (a mixed name—the forename, Jń, is Terminian).
Date names are given in long form in official contexts and introductions, but they commonly have shortened forms, since some are incredibly long. Shortened date names are used in most informal and semi-formal contexts in which a date name would be used instead of a given name or byname. For instance, when there is no risk of confusion, a person without a given name or byname is likely to use the shortened date name around classmates, coworkers, and family, or when giving their order at a coffeeshop. Date names are shortened by taking the first syllable of each word. As an example, the full date name Rra³ Zį²ʼą¹zą² Mbi³ Ti¹rú³ "21 Flute Player", is shortened to Rra³zį²mbi³ti¹. In Hlung, these names obey vowel harmony rules. So the corresponding Hlung name Ra Sịyịhạạsạ Muwi Tirukkoxał is shortened to Rasimuti, not *Rasịmuti.
Mañian naming conventions are still standard throughout most of Quaxin Xun. However, they have been altered in areas where they have come into contact with non-Xuni cultures, including but not limited to other Ngerupic cultures like the Kwang. People of mixed Mañian-Kwang heritage typically have a date name, use their Kwang parent's surname as a surname in official contexts, and may use a Kwang first name as a given name. An example Mañian-Kwang name is Ñžeз Ra Sịyịhạạsạ Ŋokun Luukwa Ñaƞ, which is formed with a Xuni Kwang surname Ñžeз "Bird", a Hlung date-name Ra Sịyịhạạsạ Ŋokun Luukwa "29 Potter's Wheel", and a Kwang given name Ñaƞ "East". This person would go by Ñaƞ informally, Ñžeз on official documents, Ra Sịyịhạạsạ Ŋokun Luukwa in official contexts specific to Mañian culture (including, most likely, on Xuni official documents), and Rasiŋolu in semi-formal contexts and with strangers and acquaintances.
In Bosato, usage of Mañian naming conventions, even among people with two Mañian parents, varies widely. This variation is tied to residence, which is in turn tied to social class. Hlung people who live in Xuni suburbs and commute to Bosato as workers are more likely to use traditional Mañian naming conventions. Hlung people who live in Bosato are likely to be higher class, work white collar jobs such as technology or finance, and use naming conventions that are closer to Kwang and Rietic cultures. Consider, for example, two Hlung people with the date name Sịyịhạạsạ Ra Jakwarał "12 Outrigger". One of them has the official legal name Sịyịhạạsạ Ra Jakwarał and goes by Sịrạjạ. The other goes by the given name Sạmlạnị "Tiger" and uses the byname Ŋoruyalayex "Traveler" as a surname, going by the full name Ŋoruyalayex Sạmlạnị. Although to people unfamiliar with Mañian and Bosatese culture, these names may seem equally Hlung, people who live in the Bosato metropolitan area would assume based on their names that Sịrạjạ is a lower class domestic or construction worker, living in the western suburbs, and that Sạmlạnị lives in a luxury condo in Bosato proper and works a well-paid white collar job, most likely in the financial or technology sectors.