cws
Greetings Guest
home > library > journal > view_article
« Back to Articles » Journal
Essentials
0▲ 0 ▼ 0
Important info about Teedish. To be read after Basics.
This public article was written by Knabo Croc, and last updated on 1 Mar 2019, 08:52. Editing of this article is shared with Conlanger.

[comments] [history] ----

1. Numbers

0 nad
1 ene
2 tvie
3 trie
4 fayre
5 fife
6 sese
7 zeve
8 axte
9 nexe
-
10 tine*
100 hundere*
1000 tusende*
000 tus
-
14 en-fayre
30 tri-nad / tri-tine
51 fif-ene
200 tvi-nad-nad / tvi hundere
401 fayr-nad-ene
248 tvi-fayr-axte

To make ordinal numbers, replace -e by -a and remove all remaining final -es.
3rd tria
68th ses-axta

----

2. Pronouns

# ayk = I
# ayker = we
# dyu = you
# dyuer = you (plural)
# u = you (formal) *
# han = neutral personal
# hanite = he
# hanine = she
# haner = they
# et = it
# eter = they (plural of it)

To form possessives, just add an a:
# ayka = my/mine
# aykera = our(s)
# dyua = your(s)
# dyuera = your(s) (plural)
# ua = your(s) (formal) *
# hana = their (neutral personal singular)
# hanita = his
# hanina = her
# hanera = their (plural)
# eta = it
# etera = they (plural of it)

To form accusatives, just invert spelling:
# kya = me
# kyaer = us (kya + er)
# uyd = you
# uyder = you (plural, uyd + er)
# u = you (formal) *
# nah = neutral personal
# nahite = him
# nahine = her
# naher = them
# te = it
# zi = -self *

Additional pronouns:
# aykad = this
# dyuad = that (near you)
# hanad = that (near someone else)
# aykader = these
# dyuader = those (near you)
# hanader = those (near someone else)

# aykir = here
# dyuir = there (near you)
# hanir = there (near someone else)

----

3. Verb conjugation

# -en = infinitive
# -(e)s = present (E added when root ends in S or Z)
# -ed = past
# sil + - = future
# ud + - = conditional
# -in = present participle
# -uy = imperative
# -eda = past participle

Verb "zen" (to be)
# zes (is, are)
# zed (was, were)
# sil zen (will be)
# ud zen (would be)
# zin (being) [zina = attributive]
# zuy (be!)
# zeda (been)

Verb "eten" (to eat)
# ets (eats, eat)
# eted (ate)
# sil eten (will eat)
# ud eten (would eat)
# etin (eating) [etina = attributive]
# etuy (eat!)
# eteda (eaten)

The prefix mak- makes the verb active i.e. adds the sense "to cause to be" to verbs.

The prefix veg- makes the verb passive i.e. adds the sense of "to receive".

The prefix zi- makes the verb reflexive.

----

4. Nouns

All nouns end in -e in singular and -er in plural. In their singular form, the final e is not pronounced and the stressed syllable is the previous one.

# huse = house
# kate = cat
# bome = tree
# voye = way

# huser = houses
# kater = cats
# bomer = trees
# voyer = ways

Some noun suffixes:
# -ite = male
# -ine = female
# -seme = person
# -ere = profession
# -hed = concept (-ness, -ity)

The -e drops when forming compounds.

Nouns ending in -ie instead of -e indicates it's a diminutive.

----

5. Adjectives

Adjectives
All end with -a. An -ar plural is optionally used when it syntax needs to be clear.
# varma = warm
# biga = big
# brita = bright
# moa = beautiful

# onvarma = cold
# onbiga = small
# onbrita = dark
# onmoa = ugly

Some nouns can also take this prefix:
# love = love
# onlove = hate

Other suffixes:
# -era = comparative
# -esta = superlative
# -iga = -y (having the quality of)

----

6. Adverbs

Adverbs all end with -an. They can be formed from adjectives and other words.
# binan = almost
# gudan = well

They can also take the on- prefix:
# ungudan = badly

Some important adverbs:
# velan = very
# veleran = too

----

7. Prepositions and conjuctions

# un = and
# me = but
# forad = because
# zoent = until
# ned = before
# den = after

# for = for
# mot = against
# forer = in front of
# forer = in front
# rofer = behind
# sider = aside
# sider = along
# ber/bay = by
# in = inside
# ni = outside
# in = in
# ni = out
# dan = than

# zo = to
# oz = from
# mit = with
# tim = without
# ob = above
# bo = below
# tusen = between
# tusen = among
# tra = through
# tra = across
# rond = around
# rond = about
# af = of

----

8. Other important little words

# ya = yes
# na = no

Articles
# de (definite)
# ed (indefinite)

# not = net (comes after the verb)
# nen = same as geen/kein
# det = that (conjunction)
# er = used with zen to form "there is/was/are/were"
# or = or

----

9. Correlatives

v- = what
som- = some
n- = no
al- = every
itc- = each
lik- = like
onlik- = other
(each of those can be used individually with an -a)

-ad = thing
-em = person
-ir = place
-ey = way
-ay = reason
-ent = time
-uc = amount
-ems = one's

Together, they form:

# vad = what
# vem = who
# vir = where
# vey = how
# vay = why
# vent = when
# vuc = how much/many
# vem's = whose

# sad = something
# sem = someone
# sir = somewhere
# sey = somehow
# say = for some reason
# sent = sometime
# suc = some amount
# sem's = someone's

# nad = nothing
# nem = nobody
# nir = nowhere
# ney = in no way
# nay = for no reason
# nent = never
# nuc = no amount
# nem's = nobody's

# alad = everything
# alem = everyone
# alir = everywhere
# aley = in every way
# alay = for every reason
# alent = always
# aluc = all
# alem's = everyone's

# itcad = each thing
# itcem = each one
# itcir = each place
# itcey = each way
# itcay = each reason
# itcent = each time
# itcuc = each amount
# itcem's = each one's

# likad = same thing
# likem = same person
# likir = (in the) same place
# likey = in the same way
# likay = for the same reason
# likent = while (at the same time)
# likuc = the same amount
# likem's = the person's

# onlikad = another thing / something else
# onlikem = another person / someone else
# onlikir = in another place
# onlikey = in another way / differently
# onlikay = for another reason
# onlikent = in a different time
# onlikuc = a different amount
# onlikem's = someone else's


----

10. Accusative

The accusative can be optionally used when the sentence order is not SVO. It adds an -(e)p after adjectives and nouns.
Ex.:
- huse ---> husep
- kater ---> katerep
- biga ---> bigap

----
Comments (0)
Edit history
on 01/03/19 08:52+2Knabo CrocAdding '
on 01/03/19 08:48+52Knabo CrocCorrection (3)
on 01/03/19 08:46-1Knabo CrocCorrection (2)
on 01/03/19 08:46-7Knabo CrocCorrection
on 01/03/19 08:400Knabo CrocUpdating
on 28/02/19 07:360Knabo CrocUpdating numbers
on 24/08/18 22:350Knabo CrocSummary change
on 24/08/18 21:41+37Knabo CrocFixes
on 24/08/18 21:38+70Knabo CrocFormatting
privacy | FAQs | rules | statistics | graphs | donate | api (indev)
Viewing CWS in: English | Time now is 29-May-20 04:50 | Δt: 95.108ms