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Finite verbs
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Conjugation of finite verbs in Rireinutire
This public article was written by prettydragoon on 15 Oct 2016, 19:55.

[comments] Menu 1. Tense 2. Polarity 3. Mood 4. Evidentiality 5. Examples
?FYI...
This article is a work in progress! Check back later in case any changes have occurred.

Finite verb forms in Rireinutire conjugate in tense, polarity, mood, and evidentiality. These are each marked with a corresponding suffix attached to the verb root, like so:

root-TENSE-POL-MOOD-EVID

[top]Tense

-ka Present tense (PRS)
-ki Past tense (PST)

[top]Polarity

-0 Positive
-se Negative (NEG)

[top]Mood

-0 Indicative (IND)
-hu Subjunctive (SBJV)
-' Imperative (IMP)

[top]Evidentiality

-va Sensory (SENS)
-ve Hearsay (HSY)
-vo Inferential (INFR)
-yo Interrogative (Q)

[top]Examples

ma amipa soñakava:
1SFirst person singular (person)
speaker, signer, etc.; I
.NOMNominative (case)
TRANS subject, INTR argument
morning-ESSEssive (case)
'as, similar'
wake.up-PRSPresent tense (tense)-SENSSensory evidential (evidential)
information gained from any sense

I wake up in the morning.

ha katohe susukive:
3SThird person singular (person)
neither speaker nor addressee
.RRational (gender/class)
sapient beings
.NOMNominative (case)
TRANS subject, INTR argument
roof-ABLAblative (case)
away from
fall-PSTPast (tense)
action occurred before moment of speech
-HSYHearsay evidential (evidential)
'I have heard that...'

She fell from the roof. (I heard)

kakamu petupe añapa teñekave:
sago-ACCAccusative (case)
TRANS direct object; patient
cycad-EXESSExessive (case)
'from a state'
food-ESSEssive (case)
'as, similar'
make-PRSPresent tense (tense)-HSYHearsay evidential (evidential)
'I have heard that...'

Sago is made from cycad into food.

sikina payipa imekave:
this-PTVPartitive (number)
'some of' or for mass nouns
strainer-ESSEssive (case)
'as, similar'
name-PRSPresent tense (tense)-HSYHearsay evidential (evidential)
'I have heard that...'

This is called a strainer.

ta enakasehuvo:
2SSecond person singular (person)
addressee (you)
.NOMNominative (case)
TRANS subject, INTR argument
understand-PRSPresent tense (tense)-NEGNegative (polarity)
not
-SBJVSubjunctive mood (mood)
desired or possible events
-INFRInferential (mood/evidential)
reports or infers without confirming

You wouldn't understand.

sakimu rireinutirepa yote sunokayo:
that-ACCAccusative (case)
TRANS direct object; patient
Rireinu-language-ESSEssive (case)
'as, similar'
how.QInterrogative
question
say-PRSPresent tense (tense)-QInterrogative
question

How do you say that in Rireinutire? (wh-question)

yo ta yumakave yakayo:
QInterrogative
question
2SSecond person singular (person)
addressee (you)
.NOMNominative (case)
TRANS subject, INTR argument
human-person.NOMNominative (case)
TRANS subject, INTR argument
be-PRSPresent tense (tense)-QInterrogative
question

Are you a Human? (yes/no question)

ta yumakave yakavo:
2SSecond person singular (person)
addressee (you)
.NOMNominative (case)
TRANS subject, INTR argument
human-person.NOMNominative (case)
TRANS subject, INTR argument
be-PRSPresent tense (tense)-INFRInferential (mood/evidential)
reports or infers without confirming

You are a Human. (I believe)

ta yumakave yakava:
2SSecond person singular (person)
addressee (you)
.NOMNominative (case)
TRANS subject, INTR argument
human-person.NOMNominative (case)
TRANS subject, INTR argument
be-PRSPresent tense (tense)-SENSSensory evidential (evidential)
information gained from any sense

You are a Human. (I see)

ta yumakave yakave:
2SSecond person singular (person)
addressee (you)
.NOMNominative (case)
TRANS subject, INTR argument
human-person.NOMNominative (case)
TRANS subject, INTR argument
be-PRSPresent tense (tense)-HSYHearsay evidential (evidential)
'I have heard that...'

You are a Human. (I'm told)
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