Grammar Forms and Formality
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Differences in syntax and defining formality levels.
This public article was written by Foxavox, and last updated on 25 Aug 2020, 09:33.
[comments] grammarsyntaxverbspronounsformalityfug There are three common distinctions of grammar formality in Hedrian , of which one changes syntax somewhat.
All adjectives ending in -a,-os or any other variant are changed to -osz. Syntax is unaffected from the usual SVO/V2 order and all pronouns are present in clauses. Generally this is applied to adjectives to make them carry a more positive meaning.
2: Normal form
Adjectives and syntax are unaffected. Generally taking on a SVO word order with a strong V2 preference. Pronouns such as 'they', 'he/she/it/that', and 'you' are generally present. 'We' is very commonly absent from speech.
All subject pronouns are removed (except in the case of irregular verbs) and word form is generally free, verbs tending to go at the end for simple phrases such as "I am well" (jól vek).
In the normal syntax, 'you' is generally present, except in the case of past tense and future tense verbs, in which case the pronoun is commonly dropped.
For cases where the pronoun is stated twice in a row, like 'VERB you your' or 'VERB they their', the first pronoun is always absent. This is not the case for a very specific construction (which will be familiar to Swedish speakers).
In said specific case, if a third person pronoun is acting in a reflexive manner, the pronoun is present. 'Does he hate his own mother?' would be 'hates him his mother?' However, 'does he hate his (other person's) mother?' would become 'hates his mother?'
Considering the nature of Hedrian as a pro-drop, free word order favouring language, the stated irregularities can be completely ignored in the case of non-formal speech. However, case endings are a fundamental part of the language, and are essential to providing cohesive form. Furthermore, word order is only free to an extent that allows clauses to be near symmetric in reversal. 'I see a blue cat' can be interpreted in a number of ways, but 'I a cat blue see' is very uncommon. If one wishes to be poetic in the usage of free word order, they would rather say something akin to 'Blue cat see I.'
For negative forms, 'nem' has a tendency to go immediately after the verb, except in cases where an object requires stressing. 'Don't do it' thus becomes 'do not it'. However if the speaker wishes to stress 'IT', the phrase would become 'do it not'.