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Proto-Qi'qiwilian Sound Changes
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This public article was written by fantomatrol15, and last updated on 23 Feb 2017, 14:46. Editing of this article is shared with Semado-Jutic Linguistic Society.

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?FYI...
This article is a work in progress! Check back later in case any changes have occurred.

I'm not too good at presenting sound changes, so hopefully this is understandable.

C = any consonant
V = any vowel
U = back vowel
I = front vowel

Proto-Semado-Jutean > Proto-Qi'qiwilian
a a: > ä
i i: e e: > i
u u: o o: > u
ai̯ au̯ > äj äw
ei̯ eu̯ > ij iw
oi̯ ou̯ > uj uw
nj lj > ɲ ʎ
n > ŋ /_U
nk ng > ŋk ŋ
c ɟ > t d
k g > q /#_U
k > q /U_U
g > ∅ /U_U
kʲ gʲ > tj dj /_I, k g /_U, ti di /_#
s > ɸ /_{w,U}
ç > x /_{a,a:,U}, j /V_V/_I
çw xw > ʍ
ɣ > ∅ /_{a,a:,U}, j /I_I
ɣ > ʔ /#_{a,a:,U}, j /#_I
ɣ > ʔ /V_V/_{a,a:,U}
t͡s > tʰ /stressed syllable, s /unstressed syllable
p: t: k: > pʰ tʰ {kʰ,qʰ}
ɹ > r

Proto-Qi'qiwilian > Ujiyu
ä > ə /unstressed and in some monosyllabic words
m > n /_N
n > m /_M
ŋ > n
{pʰ,b} tʰ kʰ > p t k
d g > t k /#_
d g > ∅ /V_V
q qʰ > χ
ʔ > ∅
ɸ x > h
ɲ ʎ > j
ʍ > w
r > ɾ
tj dj > j

Proto-Qi'qiwilian > Uzhiy
ä i u > ∅ /_# in a polysyllabic word
ä > ə /unstressed syllables and some monosyllabic words
ij uj äj iw uw äw > i: ɯ: ɛ: y: u: ɔ:
{äm,än,äɲ,äŋ} {im,in,iɲ,iŋ} {um,un,uɲ,uŋ} > {ä̃,ə̃} ẽ õ /_(C)#
ŋ > g /#_
p t k > b d g /V_V
pʰ tʰ kʰ > p t k
b {d,g} > v ∅ /V_V
q > χ /#_
q > ʁ /V_V
qʰ > χ
ʔ > ∅
ɸ ʍ > f /#_
ɸ ʍ > v /V_V
s > z /V_V
t tʰ s x > ɕ /#_I, ʑ /V_I
x > f /#_U > v /V_V
x > ∅
d > ʑ /_I
k kʰ > t͡ɕ /#_I, d͡ʑ /V_I
g > d͡ʑ /_I
l > w /(U)_(C)#
ʎ > j
w > v /(#)V_V
r > {r,ɾ}
tj > ɕ /#_, ʑ /V_V
dj > ʑ

Proto-Qi'qiwilian > Tilu
äj äw ij uw > e o i u /_C unstressed
äj äw ij uw > eː oː iː uː /_C stressed
äj äw ij uw > eː oː iː uː /_#
äj äw ij uw > ej oʋ ij uʋ /_V unstressed
äj äw ij uw > eːj oːʋ iːj uːʋ /_V stressed
iw uj > iu oi
ä > ɐ
ɲ ʎ > n l /#_
ɲ ʎ > j /V_V
ŋ > ∅
pʰ > p
b > p /#_
b > ʋ /V_V
tʰ > t
d > t /#_
d > l /V_V
kʰ > k
g > k /#_
g > ∅ /V_V
k kʰ > t /_i
g > t /#_i
qʰ > k
q > k /#_
q > ʔ /V_V
ɸ s x > h > ∅ /V_V
ʍ > h /#_
ʍ > ʋ /V_V
w > ʋ
r > l
ää ii uu > äː iː uː
tj > t
dj > t /#_
dj > j /V_V
{nt,nd} {mp,mb} > n m
Comments (1)
[link] [quote] 16-Jul-17 00:09
ÄNatural Languages
For those who study natural languages - so probably everyone
 Jute [STAFF]
Any update in sight?
Edit history
on 23/02/17 14:46+687fantomatrol15Added new set of sound changes
on 11/02/17 23:37+13fantomatrol15Added "ŋ > g /#_"
on 11/02/17 23:07+760fantomatrol15Addes sound changes to Ujiyu and Uzhiy
on 11/02/17 21:30+109fantomatrol15Edited Proto-Semado-Jutean > Proto-Qi'qiwilian section
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