Lesson #5 (Pronouns)
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This public article was written by [Deactivated User], and last updated on 3 Jun 2023, 17:42.
[comments] arjlessonslesson 5
Pronouns in Arusian can get pretty creative and at the same time, they are simple and easy to remember compared to many other languages (It's mainly just linking morphemes together). I will start with the basics ones first.
ul = I or me
Example: h. rt ul ruo ul as cet .h Meaning: I like to go to school.
At = you
Example: h. rt ,at ruo At as cet .h Meaning: I like to go to school.
us = he/she/it
Example: h. cet rt ruo us .h Meaning: He/she/it likes to go to school.
Since there is no gendered pronouns in Arusian, It is difficult to tell if one is talking about the same person or not when mentioning two or more people. For example, in the phrase, “People don’t like the food because it is bad,” it could refer to the food or an outside item not mentioned in the sentence. The Arusian language has two third-person pronouns, us and os . us refers to the subject or any object in the sentence when they are in the third person. os doesn’t refer to anything described in the sentence, but something outside. In more linguistical speak, os is the obviate pronoun referring to an outside source and us is the proximate, referring to anything previously said in the sentence.
Note: When the subject of a sentence is a 3rd person pronoun, start the sentence with us and not os .
Note: us can refer to adjectives and verbs too.
Example: h. us ruo mrov .h Meaning: people like themselves.
Example: h. os ruo mrov .h Meaning: people like it.
Example: h. ,r smak sos Gej as aeujTv .h Meaning: Juea has someone else's pants.
Example: h. ,r smak sus Gej as aeujTv .h Meaning: Juea has his/her own pants.
Example: h. us rafrs u aeaM Tv as lev .h Meaning: Mark's girlfriend is looking for him (Mark).
If there are more than 2 people, then it starts to get a little confusing. By this point, it would be necessary to start learning people's names.
cel mrov as pet
AP ul = We (not including the person you are speaking to)
Example: h. cet rt AP ul ruo AP ul .h Meaning: We like to go to school.
AP At = you (plural)
Example: h. cet rt AP At ruo AP At .h Meaning: You guys like to go to school.
AP us = They
Example: h. cet rt AP us ruo AP us .h Meaning: they like to go to school.
ul At = We (including the person you are speaking to)
Example: h. cet rs rma ul At .h Meaning: We like to go to school.
Example: h. rme,al ul ,at as ul ,at .h Meaning: We are loving. OR We love each other.
AP ul At = We (including the person you are speaking to and you guys are in a large group)
Example: h. cet rt ,aP ul ,at ruo ,aP ul ,at .h Meaning: We like to go to school.
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