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Nouns and pronouns
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case, class, person, and number.
This public article was written by [Deactivated User], and last updated on 13 Aug 2019, 23:55.

[Public] ? ?
3. Numbers ? ?
4. Verbs ? ?
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All words fall into one of two vowel-harmony groups. These two groups are summarized by ei / øy. a, o, and u are transparent neutral vowels, and the harmony is set up just so that one word never has both front unrounded and front rounded vowels. Words which have øy are denoted as +FR.
Nouns decline for case, class, and number. There are five cases (sub, obj, dat, loc, and gen), three classes (rational, irrational, and non-rational), and two numbers (sg, pl). Case is marked via a prefix, which is partially influenced by the first letters of a noun. Class and number are marked together in a suffix, with some exceptions depending on case.


The genitive case for words which begin with t, d, or z retains the n, while all other consonants do not.
Class and number are marked together, but the singular class suffix is only used for subjects and (direct) objects. Much like with case, any local vowels are affected by the noun's vowel scheme.

Class, number

The only notable case of confusion is between irrational plurals (like animals) and arational singulars (like stone), which both receive (u)m. Pronouns are treated similarly to nouns, the only special note is that the pronouns are not marked for case/number (because of the constructions used for plurals).

1First person (person)
speaker, signer, etc; I
2Second person (person)
addressee (you)
3Third person (person)
neither speaker nor addressee

Two additional forms:
-w-w, which is the reflexive pronoun, used for cases where the object is the subject (or subjects).
-j, which is the relative pronoun used to link clauses together. The case of the relative pronoun must match its referent, as follows:
"Tanya did poorly on her history exam Ø because her best friend Ø Giselle insisted on gossiping during their study session the night before."
Tanya.sub (poorly performed) (her history exam.obj) naj (her best friend.sub) is Giselle.obj x.obj she insisted.+ (doing gossip) (their study session.loc) (yesternight.loc)

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