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Mantiqo Grammar
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This public article was written by [Deactivated User], and last updated on 30 Dec 2019, 00:13.

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Menu 1. Nouns 2. Verbs
Nouns are divided into 16 classes, differentiated by vowel pattern.
NameVowel PatternContainsPlural ending
1 a-a-aPeople-n
2 a-a-iSupernatural beings, mysteries, questions-nan
3 a-a-oPieces of land-ma
4 a-a-eYoung people, buildings-na
5 a-i-aMachines and tools-na
6 a-i-iFascimiles-m
7 a-i-oSigns, writing, music-ma
8 a-i-eTransportation-me
9 a-o-aAugmentative-san
10 a-o-iDiminutive-sen
11 a-o-oWeapons, dangers-m
12 a-o-eContainers-na
13 a-e-aAnimals, opposites-n
14 a-e-iPlants, young animals-ni
15 a-e-oFood-no
16 a-e-eDecoration-ne

Nouns also have many, many, prefixes that indicate case.
Nominative- base
Accusative- ti-
Dative- ko-
Vocative- le-
Locative- mi-
Adverbial- he-
Instrumental-Comitative- fe-
Allative- ne-
Predicate (stative verb object in formal speech)- qi-
Elative- tlo-
Temporal- sye-
Semblative- tli-
I'll add more as I need them.
Adjectives behave like nouns, and take the same case endings in most scenarios. Genitives can be nouns behaving like adjectives, or also put into a noun phrase where they normally go after the head noun.


Verbs, instead, have only 6 classes
NameInfinitive patternIndicative patternDescription
1 i-o-ai-o-operforming actions
2 i-e-ai-e-emaking, building, constructing
3 i-a-ai-a-ostative verbs
4 i-i-ai-i-icommunication
5 i-e-ii-i-edestruction, diminutives
6 i-o-ii-i-oreligious significance, augmentatives

Verbs also take further affixes in the following pattern:
pronouns-passive auxiliary-adverbs-verbs-tense-dependent clause affixes. Many moods are conveyed through adverbs, which may take either the infinitive or indicative. Present is the base tense, and perfect is formed by affixing -m. Future is formed by affixing -si. All other tenses combine one of those with an adverb.
Participles/gerunds are formed by adding -n(a) before the tense ending. qi- is the passive auxiliary.
-qa is attached to the verb of an intransitive relative clause, and -qata is attached to the verb of a transitive relative clause.
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