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Raeul óis Nasedmunfa
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Rules of the Partitive
This public article was written by argyle, and last updated on 6 Jul 2016, 17:06.

[comments] Menu 1. In form 2. In function The partitive (nasedmunfa in Edievian) is governed by the preposition no. The Edievian partitive is used, as its name suggests, to mark the division of or portion of a noun.

[top]In form

The partitive preposition no, like all prepositions, inflects if a pronoun is its object or if the following word is the definite article. Etymologically, no is derived from the inalienable genitive preposition o . The first written uses of the partitive (from the mid 1600s) were just o doubled, appearing in text as on o or un u, and eventually being reanalyzed as o no or u nu.

The inflection of no is:

SWind element (gender/class)PUnknown code
1First person (person)
speaker, signer, etc; I
nocnuam
2Second person (person)
addressee (you)
notnuab
3Third person (person)
neither speaker nor addressee
.ANAnimate (gender/class)
alive, moving
nolnui
3Third person (person)
neither speaker nor addressee
.INANInanimate (gender/class)
inanimate, sessile
nonnuin
REFLReflexive (valency)
argument acts on itself
nornur
DEFDefinite
"the"
nóisnúis

[top]In function

The partitive has two main uses in modern Edievian: portions and time.

Portions
When referring to portions of a set, the partitive is used:

  • nóis ores - some of the rice
  • nu túid - some people


Referring to a number of items of a set, the partitive is also used:

  • caen cam no mansiáf - three men of the team
  • tií méic núis méic lis baoman sig - two of the dogs that I own


The partitive is distinct from the genitive when dealing with portions of a set. The distinction is drawn between portions of a set versus parts of a whole. The partitive rules portions of set; the set may not be one entity but it is being referred to as one. The genitive instead governs parts of a whole. Compare the following two phrases:

  • Cecol úis aftu
  • Cecol núis aftu


The first, cecol úis aftu, is a genitive phrase, meaning "wheels of the cars". This refers specifically to wheels of aforementioned cars. The second, cecol núis aftu, is partitive, meaning "wheels of (some of) the cars". This is referring to the wheels of just some of the cars being discussed, not all of them.

Time
Telling time in Edievian also uses the partitive, though more so out of fossilized phrasing than semantics. The basic structure is such:

[minutes] nóis/núis [hour]

For 1 am or 1 pm, nóis is used. For all other hours, núis is used. Some examples:

TimeSpoken
1:45leimnáig nóis nao
12:17imsad núis imtií
5:32caenim núis náig
8:59nagiímcab núis adaet


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