cws
Greetings Guest
home > library > journal > view_article
« Back to Articles » Journal
Theweric sound changes
1▲ 1 ▼ 0
This public article was written by w, and last updated on 12 Jun 2016, 08:59. Editing of this article is shared with Upper Boroso Philological Society.

[comments] [history]
?FYI...
This article is a work in progress! Check back later in case any changes have occurred.

[family]


F = front vowel = {e(ː), i(ː)}
B = back vowel = {o(ː), u(ː)}
H = high vowel = {i(ː), u(ː)}
M = mid vowel = {e(ː), ə(ː), o(ː)}
A = short vowel = {a, e, ə, o, i, u}
N = any nasal = {m, n, ŋ}

 Proto-Theweric Classical Dhwer
gw → w / V_V*siw + *gīɣ → **Sigwīɣ → *Siwīɣ
A → Ø / C_CL*Swīɣ → *Zwīɣ
▼ SCA² rules
C=ptkqbdgszxɣħʕwylmnŋþðhr
V=aiuəāīūéeē
A=aiuəe
L=āīūéē
F=iīeē
B=uūoō
H=iīuū
N=mnŋ
S=ptksþxħ
Z=bdgzðɣʕ
G=vðɣ
P=pbmfv
T=tdnszþð
K=kgŋxɣhr
X=ptkbdg
R=lwy

ə̄|é

S/Z/_[ZR]

V:/L/_

gw/w/V_V

A/a/_[qħʕ]

# syncope
A/è/#C_CVC#
A//C_CL
è/ə/_
V//_CVC(C)L

# minor /l/ changes
l/n/_VN(C)#
l/d/_VC(C)#

A//C(V)C_CVC(C)(V)#

f/p/_
v/b/_

a/o/Cw_T
N//CV_X
ŋ//ī_#

# radical > velar
ħ/x/_
ʕ/ɣ/_
q/k/_

ŋ/m/_[uə]
ŋ/n/_
nn/n/_

 Classical Dhwer Dhwer
▼ SCA² rules
C=ptkqbdgszxɣħʕwylmnŋþðhr
V=aiuəāīūéeē
A=aiuəe
L=āīūéē
F=iīeē
B=uūoō
H=iīuū
N=mnŋ
S=ptksþxħ
Z=bdgzðɣʕ
G=vðɣ
P=pbmfv
T=tdnszþð
K=kgŋxɣhr
X=ptkbdg
R=lwy

ə̄|é

a/i/_C(C)[iī#]
A/u/_C(C)ū
i/ə/_C(C)[əé]

L/A/C_C#
L/A/C_CC
L/A/#CC_C/_CV
L/A/_C(C)L

V//_#/#C_
V//#_

ə//VC_C(V)#
V//LC_C(V)#

# radical shift
h//_
x/h/_
ɣ/r/_

# dental shift
s/þ/_
z/ð/_

# voicing assimilation
S/Z/_[ZR]
Z/S/_S

i/e/_
ī/ē/_

l/w/V_[C#]


 Dhwer Pthalki Dhwer


 Proto-Theweric → Old Fadallan
▼ SCA² rules
C=bdʕɣfgklmnpqstvwxyzŋħ
V=aāəëiīuūoōeē
P=bpdk
F=wfzx
S=aəiuoe
L=āëīūōē

ə̄|ë

[aāəë]/e/_[ʕħ]
[aāəë]/e/[ʕħ]_
[aāəë]/o/_[xɣ]
[aāəë]/o/[xɣ]_
[xɣʕħ]//_

u/o/aC(C)_
u/o/_C(C)a
u/o/aC(C)_
u/o/_C(C)a

ee/ē/_
oo/ō/_
aw/u/_
āw/ū/_
iw/yu/_/_#
īw/yū/_/_#

l//[ui]_V
[əë]//_#
V//C_l/_#
t/s/n_#

P/F/V_[#V]
y/g/_#
i/y/V_#
ī/iy/V_#

gl/l/_
ns/s/_

S/L1/_²
1V//_

u/o/_ŋ#
ū/ō/_ŋ#
ŋ//V_#
s//u_

a/o/_[mnŋ](V)#
ā/ō/_[mnŋ](V)#
ŋ/n/_
m/n/_i

l/1/C_
S/L/1_
1//_

q/k/_

# haplology


 Proto-Theweric Qëërlic


 Proto-Theweric → Proto-Ramekian
a aː i iː u uː → aː oː e eː o oː / stressed
iː → eː / _#
V → ə / _(C...)ə(ː)#
i(ː) → e / _ŋ
ə → u / _ŋ, _ɣ
a → o / _ŋ
ə(ː) iː uː → a(ː) eː oː / adjacent to ħ, ʕ, q, ɣ
Vw → oː
q → i / V_
ʕ → Ø / V_V
ʕ → i
ħ → x
ə → o / _C{o(ː), u(ː)}
ə → i
B → F / _(C...)i(ː)
u → o / _CC, _C#
p t k → b d g / _N, _l, _r
b → w / #_ ! _B


Proto-Ramekian →  Ramekian
t → k / _(V)l
{t,d} → Ø / C_
d → Ø / Vː_V
z → r / _V
l → r / stressed
{b,d,g} → Ø / V_F
Vz → Vː / _{C,#}
l → i / B_
s → Ø / Vː_{i,u,#}
N → i / V_C
eB → oː
n → m / {p,b,w}V(ː)_
ŋ → g / stressed
N → n / _#
{x,sk} → ɕ
ɣ → ʑ / V_F
ɣ → ŋ / else
ŋ → Ø / H_{C,#}
Proto-Ramekian →  Mei
w → ŋ / #_
g → j / _H
k → c / _F
n → ɲ / {#,F}_F
ŋ → ɲ
N → Ø / _#
l → w / _C
{p,b} k g s w → w x ɣ h ŋ / V_V
l → ʎ / F_, _F
t → c / _i
Ø → i / #_CC
Cp Ct Ck → pː tː kːclusters assimilate to the second consonant
i → Ø / C_#
{t,k,s} → Ø / V_# ! Vː_#
ŋ → Ø / H_{C,#}
a → Ø / C[+fric]_#
x → i / V_{C,#}
Vː → V / _C{C,#}i.e. closed syllables
Comments (0)
Edit history
on 12/06/16 08:590wi screwed up the names
on 12/06/16 08:580wnames
on 12/06/16 08:47+1156wadded thw > odh and odh > dhw sca rules
on 12/06/16 08:44-241wformatting mainly
on 30/05/16 08:020wfolder
on 29/05/16 02:580warahkasbg
privacy | FAQs | rules | statistics | graphs | donate | api (indev)
Viewing CWS in: English | Time now is 23-Feb-20 06:35 | Δt: 75.2561ms