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Nasintoka Grammar
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This public article was written by WhileTrue, and last updated on 7 Apr 2019, 20:03.

[comments] Menu 1. Word Endings 2. Basic Sentence Structure 3. Plurality and Tense 4. Modifiers 5. Prepositions
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This article is a work in progress! Check back later in case any changes have occurred.

[top]Word Endings

The final vowel of a word indicates its part of speech.

-a: noun
-e: modifier
-i: particle
-o: verb
-u: preposition

[top]Basic Sentence Structure

Word order in Nasintoka is free due to the use of case markings.

Nouns in the nominative case are unmarked:

animala moko.
An animal eats.

Nouns in the accusative case are marked with '-n':

animala moko fuktan.
An animal eats fruit.

Nouns in the dative case are marked with '-k':

xoma tono fuktan animalak.
A person gives fruit to the animal.

Nouns in the instrumental case are marked with '-t':

xoma moko mokan folkat.
A person eats food with a fork.

In addition to a noun, the verb 'lo' (to be) may also be followed by a modifier or preposition.

xoma pone.
The person is good.

animala inu toma.
An animal is in the house.

[top]Plurality and Tense

Plural nouns are indicated with '-l':

animalal moko.
Animals eat.

Past tense and future tense verbs are marked with '-f' and '-x' respectively:

animala mokof.
An animal ate.

animala mokox.
An animal will eat.

[top]Modifiers

Modifiers precede what they modify. They may modify nouns, verbs, prepositions, and other modifiers. Modifiers do not agree with their nouns for case.

pone xoma moko fuktan.
A good person eats fruit.

xoma moko pone fuktan.
A person eats good fruit.

[top]Prepositions

A prepostional phrase consists of a preposition word followed by a noun phrase. Prepositional phrases may be placed before or after a sentence.

xoma moko inu toma.
A person eats in a house.

inu toma, xoma moko.
In a house, a person eats.
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