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Rules of mermelian allophony
This public article was written by Curlie, and last updated on 17 Apr 2019, 19:21.
[top]Group 1: /h/+Consonant
If a voiceless plosive consonant is preceded by a voiceless glottal fricative, the voiceless plosive will become an aspirated consonant. Ejectivised version of each consonants get gemminated. /h/+/p/ > /pʰ/ /h/+/pʼ/ > /p:/ /h/+/t/ > /tʰ/ /h/+/tʼ/ > /t:/ /h/+/k/ > /kʰ/ /h/+/kʼ/ > /k:/ /h/+/kʷ/ > /kʷʰ/ /h/+/kʷʼ/ > /kʷ:/1.B
If a voiced nasal is preceded by a voiceless glottal fricative, the voiced nasal will devoice. /h/+/m/ > /m̥/ /h/+/n/ > /n̥/1.B.1
If an alveolar flap or alveolar lateral approximant are preceded by a voiceless glottal fricative, they will devoice. /h/+/ɾ/ > /ɾ̥/ /h/+/l/ > /l̥/1.B.2
If a voiced labio-velar approximant is preceded by a voiceless glottal fricative, the voiced labio-velar approximant will become voiceless. NOTE: /ʍ/ is an allophone of /hʷ/ /h/+/w/ > /ʍ/
[top]Group 2: Voicing and Devoicing2.A
When a voiced plosive consonant appears on a consonant cluster they become voiceless plosives. E.g. "bz" would technically be pronounced as /bt͡s/ but it is really pronounced as /pt͡s/. "zb" is pronounced as /t͡sp/ An exception to this rule is when the voiced plosives consonants are prenasalized.
[top]Group A: Palatalisation [Archaic]NOTE: In some dialects palatalisation still present. A.A
If the alveolar consonants /t/, /tʼ/, /d/ and /l/ are followed by /j/,/i/ or /e/ they are palatalised. /t/+/j/,/i/ or /e/ > /ȶ/ or /tʲ/ /tʼ/+/j/,/i/ or /e/ > /ȶʼ/ or /t'ʲ/ /d/+/j/,/i/ or /e/ > /ȡ/ or /dʲ/ /l/+/j/,/i/ or /e/ > /ʎ/ or /lʲ/A.B
If the post-alveolar consonants /ʃ/, /t͡ʃ/ and /t͡ʃʼ/ are followed by /j/,/i/ or /e/ they are palatalised. /ʂ/+/j/,/i/ or /e/ > /ɕ/ /ʈʂ/+/j/,/i/ or /e/ > /t͡ɕ/ /ʈʂʼ/+/j/,/i/ or /e/ > /t͡ɕʼ/A.C
If the velar consonants /k/, /kʼ/, /kʼʷ/, /kʷ/, /g/, /x/ and /xʷ/ are followed by /j/,/i/ or /e/ they are palatalised. /k/ +/j/,/i/ or /e/ > /c/ /kʼ/ +/j/,/i/ or /e/ > /cʼ/ /kʷ/ +/j/,/i/ or /e/ > /cʷ/ /kʷʼ/ +/j/,/i/ or /e/ > /cʼʷ/ /g/ +/j/,/i/ or /e/ > /ɟ/
In this article ye will learn the allophony rules of the Mermelian language.