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Ame grammar, in Zamenhof's style
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This public article was written by 小橘子, and last updated on 6 Mar 2019, 16:23.

This article is a work in progress! Check back later in case any changes have occurred.

Ame grammar rules in Zamenhof's style for the grammatical rules of Esperanto:

1. There is only one indefinite article e(English a, an) and one definite article da, alike for all genders, cases and numbers. The use of the articles are as in other languages.

2. Nouns don't have cases. To form the plural, add the determiner moi before the noun.

3. Adjectives are verbs. The comparative is made with the word madjii(English more), the superlative with keimadjii(English most); for the comparative the conjunction a(English than) is used.

4. The basic numerals(not declined) are ei, nai, natei, enae, etai, tarei, tainai, nanaki, enaki, natai, natora, tarina, eiga(English one, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine, ten, hundred, thousand, ten thousand). Tens and hundreds are formed by simple juxtaposition of the numerals. To show ordinal numbers the suffix -na is added after the numbers.

5. Personal pronouns: me, te, tame, meni, temi, teni, mise, chimise, tese, tamedame(English I, you, he/she/it/they, we two but not you, you and I, we but not you, you and we, you, they); the possessive pronouns are formed by the addition of the suffix -ne; Unlike nouns, 1st and 2nd person pronouns have oblique forms, which are formed by the addition of the suffix -na.

6. The verb does not change for person, number, tense, aspect, etc. To indicate information like tense, aspect, mood, voice, etc. one uses particles that are placed before the verb, and particles for tenses are not used when there are other words indicating the time. The preposition with the passive is i(English by)

7. Adverbs can be formed from adjectives by placing the preposition i before the adjective.

8. Prepositions may end a sentence. Prepositions may stand alone, or are used with adverbs indicating spatial relationships. When adverbs indicating spatial relationships are present, and the location or direction is implicit, the preposition is omitted. When the object of a preposition is a 1st or 2nd personal pronoun, the oblique form of the pronoun is used with the preposition.

9. Compound words are formed by simple juxtaposition of words(the main word stands at the end).

10. When another negative word is present, the word ne(English no, not) is omitted.

11. To show direction, the preposition na(English at) is replaced with ta(English to); to show the source or origin, the preposition na(English at) is replaced with mi(English from); the preposition aina is used to show the time.

12. Relative clauses are introduced with the word da(English who, whom, which, that), which never changes according to case, person, etc.; noun clauses are introduced with the word noda(English that); quotations are introduced with the word mida.

13. The accent always falls on the next-to-last syllable.
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