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Iadraja: Adjectives
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Adjectives and other things
This public article was written by Yathid, and last updated on 30 Aug 2017, 03:15.

[comments] Menu 1. Adjectives 2. Adjective: Comparative 3. Adjective: Superlative 4. Using Adjectives as Nouns 5. Other Adjective Forms 6. How to use multiple Adjectives
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[top]Adjectives

The article here will help you understand how to use adjectives correctly in Iadraja, and some forms you can may use, or see, when going through the language.

In Iadraja, adjectives come before the noun that they are describing. Adjective MUST agree in gender, number, and grammatical case.
Adjectives will end in -ий, -ай, -ей, -уй, and -ой
Each one will change to match the noun that they are describing.
  • -ия, -ая, -ея, -уя, -оя when describing a Feminine Noun.
  • -ий, -ай, -ей, -уй, -ой when describing a Masculine Noun.
  • -ие, -ае, -ее, -уе, -ое when describing a Neuter Noun.
  • -ии -аи, - еи, -уи, -ои when describing something that's plural.


Here's some examples:
  • Раматей маждашкаб = The scared animal
  • Раматея алпака = The scared alpaca
  • Раматее юмалило = The scared armadillo
  • Раматеи шканраи = The scared badgers


Adjectives can also be used as short adjectives, which in Iadraja means to declare that something is some kind of adjective, like He is red, or She is pretty. When adjectives are used this way, they react differently than normal. Using the same examples from above, we'll use then as short adjectives:
  • Маждашкаб рамать = The animal is scared
  • Алпака рамата = The alpaca is scared
  • Юмалило рамате = The armadillo is scared
  • Шканраи рамати = The badgers are scared


[top]Adjective: Comparative

Iadrajan adjectives have different methods of showing comparative.
There are 4 methods to form a comparative adjective:

(Method 1)
Replace and add -бѐ. This is the easiest method as nothing has to change in the nouns themselves.
example: Раматей = Раматебѐ
  • Алпака раматебѐ юмалило. = The alpaca is more scared than the armadillo. / The alpaca is scarier than the armadillo.

(Method 2)
Use the adverb Мёрст with Бѐл, the adjective in this method replaces -й with -м. However the nouns here are not changed.
example: мёрст раматем бѐл
  • Алпака мёрст раматем бѐл юмалило. = The alpaca is more scared than the armadillo. / The alpaca is scarier than the armadillo.

(Method 3)
Use Бѐл, and change the first noun in the Dative Case, and change the second noun into the Accusative Case. The adjective will NEED to agree with the first noun, like a short adjective.
  • Алпакаи раматеян бѐл юмалилу. = The alpaca is more scared than the armadillo. / The alpaca is scarier than the armadillo.

(Method 4)
The final method uses мёрст. The adjective replaces -й with -м, and the nouns behave like that in method 3
example: мёрст раматем
  • Алпакаи мёрст раматем юмалилу. = The alpaca is more scared than the armadillo. / The alpaca is scarier than the armadillo.

[top]Adjective: Superlative

There are 3 method to form a superlative adjective.

(Method 1)
Use the adjective Жвомский(most) paired the adjective being used.(Note: that both adjectives will need to agree with the noun that they are describing.)
example: Жвомский раматей = The most scared
  • Што жвомский раматей маждашкаб, ис мност ведетѐл. = That is the most scared animal, I've ever seen.
  • Што жвомския раматея алпака, ис мност ведетѐл. = That is the most scared alpaca, I've ever seen.

(Method 2)
This method uses the short form Жвом paired with the adjective being used(They're put together). In this method, the noun is put into the accusative case.
example: Жвомраматей = The most scared
  • Што жвомраматей маждашкаб, ис мност ведетѐл. = That is the most scared animal, I've ever seen.
  • Што жвомраматеяс алпакя, ис мност ведетѐл. = That is the most scared alpaca, I've ever seen.

(Method 3)
Use the suffix -жвѐ on the adjective. The noun is put into the dative case. Similar to the endings in English(-est, -er, etc)(Note: You can use жѐ/шѐ to put attention on the adjective(basically adds 'most' into the sentence)
example: Раматежвѐ = Scariest
  • Што раматежвѐ алпакаи, ис мност ведетѐл. = That is the scariest/scarier alpaca, I've ever seen.
  • Што жѐ раматежвѐ алпакаи, ис мност ведетѐл. = That is the most scared alpaca, I've ever seen.


[top]Using Adjectives as Nouns

You can use adjectives as nouns in Iadraja with special endings that you replace with the normal adjective endings. Say you want to use the adjective "Сутекмой" meaning violent as a noun (violence). In Iadraja there is already a word for violence being "Сутеко" however for all intends and purposes you can use other methods to make the same word, and that method is using adjective forms into noun forms to make similar words. While Сутекмой and Сутеко have the same root origin meaning chaos, you can change the forms of them to fit different uses. For example the words Сутекмой and Сутекой (adjective form of that noun) both mean violent or harmful behavior yet they are slightly different words in their usage.

Here are the endings for changing adjectives into nouns with examples. Replace the whole ending, except for ий and уй.

ий = -ив / Хлочий = Хлочив
ой = -тво / Сутекмой = Сутекмтво
ай = тва / Кзамсай = Кзамства
уй = ув / Узазуй = Узазув
ей = тве / Харивсей = Харивстве

Here is another example of using adjectives as nouns and nouns as adjectives. Say you want to describe something as being very 'dog' or 'doggy' like appearance and/or behavior, how would you do that? The word for dog is "Идоша" and by adding on a "-й"(if there's a vowel) or "-ий/-ой"(if there's NO vowel) to the end of that noun, you would change it's usage in the sentence. So Идошай means "dog like, doggy or something for dogs" etc yet funny enough you can take it a step further than that. By replacing the ending that you just added on, "-й" or "-ий/-ой", you can change that new noun back into an adjective with a slightly altered meaning. So Идоштва means a doglike creature or something that is like a dog. You can even make that word into another adjective being Идоштвай meaning something that is like a doglike creature or has something of a doggy behavior. Big words. Here's the list of the word Идоша

Идоша = a dog
Идошай = doggy, doglike, something make for dogs, "dog food, dog toys etc."
Идоштва = a creature with doglike features or behavior. Someone who looks like a dog.
Идоштвай = doglike in features or behavior, has a doggy look. (Note: this adjective form is often treated as in between point between a noun and an adjective meaning that it can be both a noun and an adjective at the same time. An example would be Идоштвов Стотмаскос = The werewolf of Stotmaska.)

It get even more crazy when you to start with a verb, change that verb into an adjective (the Participle) then change that participle into a noun(using the rules stated above), then change that newly form noun back into an adjective. Using the word dog, we'll go over this concept.

Идоша = a dog
Идошаць = to be doing something like a dog, dog like behavior
Идошачтий = literally: doging(adj); something doing dog like actions
Идошачтив = dogkind, dogperson(noun); something or someone doing those dog like actions(a doing of the action like run to runner)
Идошачтивой = dogkind, dogperson(adj); thing/object that does dog like actions, a creature that is convinced to be doing doglike behavior or actions, describes the doers as stated before.

And that's it.

[top]Other Adjective Forms

Something to note is that adjectives in Iadraja fall into two different describing categories: One is a general term adjective(every adjective found in a dictionary will be in this form) where it can be used in nearly any way. The second one is a description of character, and it's used less as the other general term adjective is easier and is more commonly used.

Take for example the Iadraja adjective for 'black' = Чвуцадой. This adjective in its base form just describes the appearance of an object/person, not the object's/person's character. However it can be used in that way in certain context. But there is another way an adjective can look when it describes only character or characteristics.

Чвуцадой = black(the outer appearance of an object/person)
Чвуцадний = black/blackened(the inner characteristics of an object/person)

By adding the ending "-дний" the adjective now describes the character of the object/person it is describing and changes the meaning of the adjective. Here are more examples:

Пяникей = panicked
Пяникдний = сowarding
Улжёкай = overheated
Улжёкдний = hot/sexy (slang)
Сязикрий = opposite
Сязикрдний = twist(morally)
[top]How to use multiple Adjectives

There are 3 ways to give a noun multiple adjectives:

Method 1: (adj 1) + а + (adj 2)
Ex: Сокной а чвуцадой

Method 2: (adj 1) follow by (adj 2)
Ex: Сокной чвуцадой

Method 3: drop (adj 1)'s ending (-й) and replace it with "-дмо" then add it to (adj 2) with a "-" between them.
Ex: Сокнодмо-чвуцадой

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