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Adjectives in Spitind
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Adjectives
This public article was written by Cyneweard, and last updated on 15 Jul 2017, 12:49.

[comments] Menu 1. Adjectival predicate 2. Superlative and comparative 3. Modifiers 4. Possessive adjectives The adjectives are always before the noun they refer to. On the contrary of English, the adjective follows the number of the noun. They are often formed with the suffix -em.

[top]Adjectival predicate

The adjectival predicate (that is an equivalent of the verb "to be" as copula) is formed with the particle daġ. In the imperative it is used the form daġ-(personal pronoun).
To make the other tenses, it is added the corrispondent suffixes (daġet, daġut, ...).

E.g.:
Ras daġ śubu. - She is beautiful.
Daġ-das lokurem o das stremut ġage-em. - Be brave and you won't fear anything.

[top]Superlative and comparative

Relative superlative
The relative superlative
- of majority is formed by adding the suffix -(e)sad.
E.g.: Rus daġ yayademesad teisur as be tallinu. - He is the most intelligent teacher in our school.
- of minority is formed by adding the suffix -(e)rad.
E.g.: Rus daġ yayademerad teisur as be tallinu. - He is the less intelligent teacher in our school.

Majority comparative
The majority comparative is formed by adding the suffix -(e)lyu.
E.g.: Naś otka daġ melelyu naś emeral. - A cat is better than a dog.

Minority comparative
The minority comparative is formed by adding the suffix -(e)ryu.
E.g.: Pov kus daġ prenkudemeryu pove. - This part is less important than this one.

Equality comparative
The equality comparative is formed by adding the suffix -(e)ku.
E.g.: Tav fof daġ rororemeku pove. - That game is as fun as this one.

Absolute majority comparative
The absolute majority comparative is formed by adding the suffix -aslyu.
E.g.: Naś otka daġ melaslyu naś emeral. - A cat is much better than a dog.

Absolute minority comparative
The absolute minority comparative is formed by adding the suffix -asryu.
E.g.: Pov kus daġ prenkudemasryu pove. - This part is much less important than this one.

[top]Modifiers

Innative
The innative is formed by adding the suffix -(e)ver.
E.g.: Ras daġ kattemever. - She always has been tall.

Augmentative
The augmentative is formed by adding the suffix -(e)son.
E.g.: Pov kervanit naś katason. - This is a big house.

Diminutive
The diminutive is formed by adding the suffix -(e)kon.
E.g.: Das jukit em je stremit tav beġekon. - You can't have fear of that small animal.

Pejorative
The pejorative is formed by adding the suffix -ema.
E.g.: Rus kervanit naś vecilerur o naś odema. - He is a liar and a bad person.

[top]Possessive adjectives

The possessive adjectives are never preceded by the article. There is no plural form, so they are invariable.
Possessive adjectives1st person2nd person3rd person
Singular
yåm
dam
rum1, ram1-6 kūem1-7, yum2
Plural
bem3, kast4
ttum
rumes1-5, rames1-6 kūemes1-7, yumes2

1. Of the person/people we are talking about.
2. Of the person/people we are not talking about.
3. Inclusive
4. Exclusive
5 Masculine
6 Femenine
7 Neuter
8 All genders


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