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Iadraja: Verbs
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Verbs and prefixes/suffixes
This public article was written by Yathid, and last updated on 3 Sep 2020, 19:23.

[comments] Menu 1. Prefixes 2. Suffixes 3. Participles 4. Gerund 5. Doers of Actions
This article is a work in progress! Check back later in case any changes have occurred.


Iadraja, when it comes to verbs, has prefixes to show motion and direction in the verbs. Here is the list of prefixes for verbs in Iadraja.
  • ал- = in (Алубаць = to go in)
  • ул- = out (Улубаць = to go out)
  • ез- = towards (Езубаць = to go towards)
  • уз- = away (Узубаць = to go away)
  • пре- = as far as (Преубаць = to go as far as)
  • пе- = upon (Пеубаць = to go upon)
  • об- = about (Обубаць = to go about)
  • пеб- = around (Пебубаць = to go around)
  • в- = off (Вубаць = to go off)
  • на- = on (Наубаць = to go on)
  • с- = along/aside (Субаць = to go along/aside)
  • пере- = across/through (Переубаць = to go across/through)


You can also add suffixes to add extra meaning to your verbs.

  • -мля = to oneself ( Убацьмля = to go for oneself)
  • -вля/вя = to repeat ( Убацьвля = to go again)
  • -зля = to otherwise (Убацьзля = to go otherwise)
  • -мня = to do something (negatively) ( Убацьмня = to go (negatively))
  • -θля = to foretell ( Убацьθля = to go maybe)


Now here is when it gets difficult. In Iadraja they have Present, Past, and Future participle endings for verbs, they also view them as either Active or Passive. Here are the endings. We'll use the verb Смичноць(to hope) as an example.

Infinitive: Смичноць = to hope
  • Present Active: Смичночтий = hoping, who hopes
  • Present Passive: Смичноский = being hoped, this is hoped
  • Past Active: Смичновмий = who hoped, who was hoping
  • Past Passive: Смичновзий = that was hoping, that was being hoped
  • Future Active: Смичнорчий = who will be hoping, who are about to hope
  • Future Passive: Смичнормий = hoping that it will, about to hope
  • Adverbial Present Active: Смичношно = while hoping, hoping
  • Adverbial Past Active: Смичнолно = having been hoping, having hoped
  • Adverbial Future Active: Смичнорно = will have been hoping, about to be hoping


The gerund is easy to form. Take a verb, drop -ць and replace it with -тмя/-мя. Here are some examples.

Ватрадуць = to identify // Ватрадутмя = the identifying
Паёчць = to knit // Паёчмя = the kniting
Мнелаць = to melee // Мнелатмя = the melee

[top]Doers of Actions

To show a doer of an action like runners, talkers, fighters etc.. you will need to replace the verb ending '-ць'. There are 3 endings that will denote a doer of a verb: -к, -л, or -в(rare). To show the correct ending you will need to look at the vowel next to '-ць'(if there is even a vowel). Here are the correct endings match up with the vowels.

а, я = -к
и ,ӥ = -к
о, ё = -к
у, ю = -ль
е, ѐ = -ль
no vowel = -ѐв

There are spelling rules you will need to remember:
1) whenever a hard vowel comes after 'н', or 'м' they will become soft vowels of the same equivalent. For example: Сусбанець = to sink / Сусбанѐк = diver

2) whenever a soft vowel comes after 'н', or 'м' they will stay the same but the and endings will change to
For Example: Жамѐць = to read / Жамѐв = reader

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