LotM - Dec 16: Korlsan
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Merry Lexember! This month's Language of the Month is @pittman789's Korlsan, an a priori language inspired by the languages of East Asia.
This public article was written by Admin Sheep, and last updated on 20 Dec 2016, 08:52.
[comments] [history] juslotm dec 16lotm Korlsan, an a priori language inspired by the languages of East Asia.
[top]Phonology and orthography
Korlsan has a moderately small consonant inventory, which distinguishes between palatoalveolar and alveolopalatal fricatives, similar to Mandarin. There is a voicing distinction in plosives, which is neutralized at the end of words, and the plosives are unreleased, much like syllable codas in Cantonese. Like many East Asian languages, there is only one phonemic liquid, /l/. However, the alveolar nasal /n/ can also surface as [ɾ]. Most unusually, the glottal stop surfaces as [j] at the beginning of a word.
The vowel inventory is much more complex, featuring a distinction between compressed and rounded /u/, and two diphthongs which alternate with monophthongs. Specifically, /ʌ/ surfaces as [io] when stressed, and /eu/ can surface as either [y] or [ʊ]. There is a third diphthong /eɪ/, and a large number of combinations between glides and vowels, such as /jɛ/, /jɔ/, /jʌ/, /wi/, and /wu/.
Korlsan has an orthography based on Hanzi, Katakana, and Hiragana. However, the kana and hanzi characters are creatively repurposed to form an alphabetic script, where each kana or hanzi stands for an individual phoneme or diphthong.
[top]Grammar and morphology
Korlsan is an agglutinative language with an overall head-final word order, including SOV clause order and adjectives preceding the noun. Relative clauses precede the noun and use an adjectival/verbal strategy, with gapping used instead of a relative pronoun. There are no case distinctions in nouns or pronouns, so word order and context go a long way in determining syntactic relations. Much like the East Asian languages that inspired it, Korlsan does not make use of grammatical gender or animacy, and it also does not use definite articles, but it does have an indefinite article, -o. Verbs agree with the subject and can use the active, passive, applicative, and causative voices, as well as either the present or past tense. Finally, the structure of subordinate clauses deserves a mention. In Korlsan, all actions within a sentence must be described in chronological order, which determines how subordinate clauses are arranged.
[top]More on Korlsan
Looking for more Korlsan? Check out its phrasebook, grammar test, and Lexibuild sets. Also be sure to listen to some of the recordings of spoken Korlsan in the translations section.
[top]A Note on LotM
Got suggestions for how the next LotM should be written? See something in Korlsan that wasn't covered and you wish it had been? Feel free to shoot us (phi2dao, argyle, protondonor, or Avlönskt) a PM with your thoughts, suggestions, and hate mail. Also feel free to drop by the LotM clan if you have other feedback, want to join in the voting process, or nominate a language! Merry Lexember! This month's Language of the Month is @pittman789's
on 20/12/16 08:52+4AshuckyFixing article folder.
on 20/12/16 04:38+56protondonorarticles
on 20/12/16 04:34+205protondonorchronological ordering of verbs within a single clause