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Adpositions
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This private article was written by [Deactivated User], and last updated on 3 Jun 2023, 17:21.

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13. Word Order ? ?
. sAjura med ruof soP pet .
Adpositions in Arusian


,r
This adpositon pronounced, /ɛʁ/ can translate to "of " in English. It is used when a noun describes another noun or when a noun is an intrinsic property to another noun.

a,r
This adpositon pronounced, /ɛɾa/ can translate to "for" in English. It is used when a noun is in favor or associated with another noun, but is NOT an intrinsic property to another noun.


,rn
This adpositon pronounced, /nɛʁ/ can translate to "than" in English. It is used when comparing one or more properties of something to something else.

u
This adpositon pronounced, /u/ doesn't have a translation in English. In Arusian, verbs or adjectives placed right after a noun are describing ONLY that noun. When this adposition is placed between a noun and an adjective/verb, that adjective/verb no longer describes that noun, but instead that adjective/verb will describe EVERY word before it in a sentence. This adposition is also used to end clauses.

T,r
This adpositon pronounced, /ɛʁʔ/ can translate to "from" in English. It is used to describe a noun that comes from or is a source to another noun. However, this adosition isn't used very often in modern Arusian. It is more common to use the verb, rv /vɜ/ instead.

fer
Example


. sup u rma ul as Aak .
Notice the u . That u is a break between rma (a verb) and sup (an adjective). If there was no u in between, then sup would only describe rma and only be its adjective. But because there is an u, the adjective sup doesn't just describe rma, but describes the whole sentence before it. sup describes the entire part " rma ul as Aak " and thus is an adjective to the whole sentence (like how some adverbs work in English).

Also, take note that rma ul as is a clause and is an adjective (or an adverb technically) to the word Aak. The u also let's us know when the clause stops so one could add other info to the sentence. Here is a gloss to this sentence, Gloss: art that.CCommon gender (gender/class)
common gender
1First person (person)
speaker, signer, etc; I
like.VBZVerbaliser
converts N, ADJAdjectival
syntactic
etc into verb
ADPAdposition (POS) here.ADJAdjectival
syntactic
.



. neAk sAb ,rn urs .
This sentence translates to "Cats are better than dogs." Notice the sAb ,rn . sAb is an adjective meaning good and it is describing ,rn. So word per word, this sentence says, "Cat than better dog" or in gloss: Cat than.ADPAdposition (POS) good.ADJAdjectival
syntactic
dog.



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