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Xohian Lesson No. 2
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Learn about Xohian's basic grammar
This public article was written by [Deactivated User], and last updated on 26 Mar 2023, 16:28.

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Menu 1. Lesson No. 2: Basic Grammar 2. Part 1: Basic Word Order 3. Part 2: Cases and Tenses 4. Conclusion Hello again, reader.
Last time, I showed off the phonology of Xohian. This time, I'll explain its basic grammar. If you're interested, then let's begin.

[edit] [top]Lesson No. 2: Basic Grammar

After you've learned about Xohian's phonology, you need to learn about its basic grammar.

[edit] [top]Part 1: Basic Word Order

If you have watched the latest NativLang video (the one on OSV), you might know of the "capybara sentence". Here's an equivalent in Xohian: "ṙemíq cuŋȧbże kéxoty".
Now, you might be wondering "WHAT IS ALL OF THAT?!". Well, it's actually quite simple.
First off, Xohian's basic word order is SOV, so instead of "capybara ate corn", it's "capybara corn ate". Secondly, "że" is just the accusative case marker, and "ty" - the non-future tense marker (I'll explain all of that later). So you can decipher that sentence as "capybara corn-ACCAccusative (case)
TRANS direct object; patient
eat-NFUTNon-future (tense)
past and present
Now about those suffixes...

[edit] [top]Part 2: Cases and Tenses

Group 1: Noun Cases
So, Xohian has 5 marked noun cases: accusative, genitive, dative, sociative, and instrumental.
The accusative is marked with -że, the genitive with -țo, the dative with -ẋȧ, the sociative with -łú, and the instrumental with -ŋū.
Group 2: Tenses and Aspects
I'm grouping these together because there's just not that many of them in Xohian.
So, verbs in Xohian have 2 marked tenses, future and non-future (Japanese be like), and one marked aspect, progressive.
Future is -jo, non-future is -ty, and the progressive is -neł.

[edit] [top]Conclusion

There's a whole bunch more affixes in Xohian that I can't bother mentioning here, so I'll this lesson off here. Next time, I'll cover more advanced grammar. But until then, this is :oher, signing off.
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