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Derivation
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How derivation works
This public article was written by Drakynfly, and last updated on 2 Feb 2018, 23:51.

[comments]
6. Syntax
Menu 1. Feminine 2. Masculine 3. Forming Compounds from Mismatching PoS 4. Forming Compounds from Matching Pos
?FYI...
This article is a work in progress! Check back later in case any changes have occurred.

All nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, as well as many other words come from one of two types of roots.

Proper nouns in Fei are often synonymous with definite nouns. Likewise, plain nouns are always indefinite. However, compared to English, definite nouns are quite rare, usually only used when the noun is sufficiently different from others similar things, a unique specimen, or an otherwise special object or person.

Key:
T verb: transitive verb
S verb: stative verb
pr: Proper nouns use this rule identically to plain nouns.

[top]Feminine

Take this:and do this:to get this:
root-unoun
root-aproper noun
rootinfixed, ablaut, or prefixed 'e'E-root
E-root-eT-verb
E-root-iS-verb
root-oadverb
(pr) noun-yi (hyphened)person (pr) noun
nounra- (hyphened)place noun (undergoes '-u' removal in pre-verbal form)
proper nounra- (hyphened)place proper noun
root-eo (hyphened)diminutive noun ('-u' is added in pre-verbal form)
proper noun-eo (hyphened)diminutive proper noun
S-verb-eo (hyphened)diminutive S-verb
E-root-eodiminutive T-verb
(pr) nounq(u)-augmentative (pr) noun
E-rootq(u)-augmentative T-verb
S-verbq(u)-augmentative S-verb
stem-aia (hyphened)group noun ('-u' is added in pre-verbal form)
proper noun-aia (hyphened)group noun
(pr) nounyax(u)-tool (pr) noun
SEN (pr) noun-lluunon-sentient (pr) noun
NSEN (pr) nounjwa-sentient (pr) noun
noun-lqiabstract noun
proper noun-lqiabstract proper noun


Whether a stem's E-root is infixed, ablaut, or prefixed is completely unpredictable and must be learned by root. The ablaut always occurs to the first vowel in the word.

[top]Masculine

Take this:and do this:to get this:
root-anoun
root-iproper noun
nounablaut to '-e-' (or 'e-')E-root
E-root-eT-verb
E-root-iS-verb
noun-oadverb
(pr) noun-yi (hyphened)person (pr) noun
(pr) nounra- (hyphened)place (pr) noun
(pr) noun-eo (hyphened)diminutive (pr) noun
E-root-eodiminutive T-verb
S-verb-eo (hyphened)diminutive S-verb
(pr) nounq(u)-augmentative (pr) noun
T-verbq(u)-augmentative T-verb
S-verbq(u)-augmentative S-verb
(pr) noun-aia (hyphened)group (pr) noun
(pr) nounyax(u)-tool (pr) noun
SEN (pr) noun-llaanon-sentient (pr) noun
NSEN (pr) nounjwi-sentient (pr) noun
(pr) noun-lqiabstract (pr) noun


[top]Forming Compounds from Mismatching PoS

Note that the order matters. There are never "Negative Stative + Noun", for instance. These words are not hyphenated, and as such, do not have preverbal forms.
This:plus this:equals this:
Positive StativeNounNoun
NounNegative StativeNoun
Positive AdverbVerbVerb
VerbNegative AdverbVerb
NounStativeStative
VerbAdverbAdverb

[top]Forming Compounds from Matching Pos

Two of these:makes:
NounNoun (hyphened)
StativeTransitive*
StativeStative**

*When combining two statives into an transitive, the statives describe the state of being before and after the transition the combined verb describes. The first loses the stative marker when in non-nasal, non-vocalic, non-pre-voiced-consonant conditions, and the second stative's final 'i' always changes to a 'e'.
**When combining two statives into a new stative, the second always loses the verbal 'e' even when it's root keeps it (as long as the condition allows).

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