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Lesson #6 (Tense)
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Goes over the 4 tenses in Arusian
This public article was written by [Deactivated User], and last updated on 6 Jun 2021, 23:07.

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13. Word Order ? ?
med ,ajura ,r ceP xes
Tense formes in Arusian

In Arusian, there are 4 tenses: Future, Past, Alternate (alternate will be explained below), and present. These tenses are usually Detail Words (adjectives) that describe the subject noun; otherwise tenses describe the first word of the sentence. It is however possible for Tense Detail Words to describe verbs (in the form of adverbs), but it's rare and it's preferred for them to describe nouns. (Go to Lesson #3 for more on Detail Words)


In Sentences where you have no tense at all, the time when something takes place is unsure. Unlike in English where the tense is fused into the verbs themselves and a sense of when is ALWAYS applied in English sentences, this is not the case for Arusian sentences. English verbs ALWAYS have a past and present form. Arusian verbs don't have time sociated with them at all unless a tense adjective is present. Expressing when an event happens is not always important and can usually be inferred by context in normal conversation.
Example: h. Aak roa a,r aeg rt ul .h
Meaning: I go to the museum to see art. (impossible to accurately translate because "go" is in the present)
Literatelly: I go/went/will go to the museum for seeing art.


Example: h. Aak roa a,r aeg rt saxes ul .h
Meaning: I will go to the museum to see art.
Literatelly: Future me will to the museum for seeing art.


Example: h. sos rcAd us aso ne,ak rmak smxes aefos .h
Meaning: Sofia had a dog but she gave him away.
Literatelly: Sofia in the past had has a dog and she give him away.

Alternate (Irrealis)

The Alternate tense describes something that has not taken place, but would have if certain circumstances had or will have taken place; in other words, it describes how you would be in an alternate timeline, seperate from your own. Or in short, it is the Irrealis mood in Arusian except in Arusian, it's not a mood. It is a time for things that could or would have happened. For translation purposes, you can think of this tense like would have in English.
Example: h. J.ol road At Ac,r scu An sAxes At .h
Meaning: you would not be sick if you eat soup.
Literatelly: You in an alternate reality is not sick because you eat soup.


In normal speech, tense adjectives are normally left out, especially if the the sentences are in the present. But to be more clear or when emphasizing, the present form is used.
Example: h. suP os rGed qxes us .h
Meaning: He now starts this.
Literatelly: He/She now starts this.
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