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Haspuri > Proto-Suvo-Poshumic -> Proto-Suvonic
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sound correspondences n stuff
This public article was written by miles, and last updated on 16 Apr 2017, 22:42.

[comments] Menu 1. Proto-Hapruic > Proto-Suvonic 2. Proto-Suvo-Poshumic > Proto-Suvonic 3. Sound Correspondences
This article is a work in progress! Check back later in case any changes have occurred.

Changes from Proto-Suvo-Poshumic to Proto Suvonic are set in stone; Proto-Hapruic changes are still new.
[top]Proto-Hapruic > Proto-Suvonic

mb nd ŋg nğ > b d g ğ / #_
y > ∅ / {q ɢ}_
z > s
rw > {#,C}_urw
Vr > V: / _C
r > l
ŋ > ∅

{i ə} y > u w / _(C)w -- no effect _CCw

ə > ∅ / VC_#
əl ər > al ar
ə > a / _ħ
ə > i

ɰ > h
h > :∅ / V_
h > ∅
ħ > h

Vowels in hiatus merge:
ai ui ia > ay uy ya
au iu ua > aw iw wa

[top]Proto-Suvo-Poshumic > Proto-Suvonic

All instances of /ɢ/ are elided.

Before and after /u w/, /k g/ are adopted as /kʷ gʷ/. This means that in Proto-Suvonic, only /kʷ gʷ/ will occur before or after /u/, but /k g/ and /kʷ gʷ/ can each occur before any of /a e i o ə/. At the end of a word, however, /kʷ gʷ/ only ever follow /o u/.

w > ∅ / C_

Voiceless stops followed by fricatives assimilate to the same manner of articulation and become fricatives themselves (with /k q/ both -> /χ/), e.g. *atfa > *asfa or *aqsa > *axsa (which will > *ahsa).

After a vowel, /h/ is deleted with compensatory lengthening, resulting in the following vowel correspondances in general (except before /χ q/, see below):
āh, ah > aa/ā > a > ə
ūh, uh > uu
ūw, īw, uw, iw > uu/ū > u > o
īh, ih > ii
īy, ūy, iy, uy > ii/ī > i > e
āy, ayh, āyh > ee
ay > e
āw, awh, āwh > oo
aw > o

Note: The rule for deleting /h/ and etc does mean all instances after a vowel, so a word such as *mawa would become *moə, and *māwa > mooə, *mīa > miə, *māyha > *meeə, *mihu > meeo.

Before /j/, stops /p t k b d g/ become geminate. Remaining /j w/ are then elided.

Between two vowels or between a sonorant /m n l j w/ and a vowel, the following chain shift occurs:
sx, sh, sf, sɬ, > ss > s > h > ∅

/ɬ/ becomes /s/.

/t͡s/ becomes /t/ word-initially, /s/ between two vowels, and is re-analyzed as a cluster /ts/ at the end of a word.

Before uvulars /χ q/, the following vowel shifts occur (on already-shifted consonants as above):
uu > oo
ii > ee
u > o
i > e

Between two vowels, non-geminate /ʔ/ is elided. (Geminate /ʔʔ/ becomes ungeminate to fill space).

In word-initial /χt/ clusters, /χ/ assimilates to /s/. Remaining instances of /χ/ become /h/. /ɴ/ is preserved as a new phoneme. New instances of /h/ at the edges of a consonant cluster (hka, anh) are deleted.

/q/ then merges with /ʔ/.

Vowels in hiatus after a long vowel are elided (e.g. pəsuui > pəsuu)

After this, assimilation typical of Proto-Suvonic occurs (e.g. pt > tt, mt > nt) and we're good I think.

[top]Sound Correspondences

PSP StopsProto-SuvonicPSP FricativesProto-SuvonicPSP StopsProto-SuvonicPSP ClustersProto-Suvonic
pp, -h* fp-, -h(-) bb CwC, kʷ, gʷ
tt, -s*ss-, h-*, -h- ddCyC-, -CC-
kk, -h* gg -ss-, -sy--s-
q ʔ, -h* χ ʔ-, s-*, -h(-) ɢ sf, sx, sh, sɬ, ɬs-ss-
ʔʔ, -∅-, -:∅* h
t͡st-, -s-, -ts ɬs
ħ h-, ∅-*, -:∅
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