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Morphosyntax of Old/Classical Sitr
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This private article was written by [Deactivated User], and last updated on 22 Jan 2018, 06:56.

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Syntax

Word Order
- Basic Word Order: Subject-Object-Verb(SOV)
- Adpositions are postpositions
- Adjectives, demonstratives, numerals, possessors, relative clauses precede the noun they modify; adverbs precede the word they modify.

Possession

Negation

Relative Clause
Classical Sitr uses the gap strategy to form relative clauses. The head of the relative clause is omitted in the relative clause, and nouns of all non-relativized thematic roles in the relative clause are marked in a way same to the main clause:

Other Clauses

Definiteness

Reported Speech

Alignment
Classical Sitr is a split-ergative language, it exhibits an ergative–absolutive pattern with respect to case marking, but a nominative–accusative pattern with respect to agreement. That is, the personal agreement of Sitr language agrees with both of the transitive subject and the intransitive subject, not with both of the transitive object and the intransitive subject as expected in pure ergative languages.

Morphology

Noun

Verb

Verbs conjugate according to persons and tense-aspect-mood, personal agreement suffixes follow tense-aspect-mood suffixes

Personal agreement suffixes:
-1st.sg: -k
-2nd.sg: -d
-3rd.sg: -Ø
-1st.pl: -kam
-2nd.pl: -dem
-3rd.pl: -m

Tense-aspect-mood suffixes:
-present: -a(becomes -aa in 3rd singular form)
-past: -da
-adverbial: -na
-desiderative: -che
-conditional: -ka
Adjective
adjectives can conjugate like verbs, the personal agreements are the same, but the tense-aspect-mood conjugation is different:

-present: -i
-past: -ya
-adverbial: -a-na
-desiderative: (adverbial form) + (the desiderative form of yowaa "to become")
-conditional: (adverbial form) + (the conditional form of yowaa "to become")
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