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This public article was written by Eowyn Hiraeth, and last updated on 14 Jun 2017, 12:03.
9. Word classes
10. Word order
Vowels can be lengthened, as well as consonants (but as for them, only if a grammatical situation forces it).
The Mayessa language sometimes has diphtongs and triphtongs.
üsrëeam = /yˈsɾə̯ɛa̯m/
In /ɾɟ/, the /ɟ/ is silent.
ömergo = /œˈmɛɾɤ/
In /ɾj/, the /ɾ/ is silent.
storiozë = /ˈstoloθ/
In /θs/, /θ/ is silent ; in /sθ/, /s/ is silent.
sëzsenes̨a = /səsɛnɛˈs:a/
/o/ as the last sound of a word becomes /ɤ/ (including the -on/ohn termination).
ezeeseilo = /ɛˈθɛ:sɛjlɤ/
/u, o/ before another vowel become /w/.
sürëevoa = /ˈsyjə̯ɛʋwa/
"k" is pronounced /c/ (before /ç/ or as the last sound of the word, for example) but becomes /k/ before a front vowel or a consonant and /q/ before a back vowel.
üsahfekqak = /yˈsajfɛc͡çac/
ahfekqakak̨u = /ajfɛc͡çakaˈq:u/
Only the first /ɾ/ is not allophoned. The next ones become /l/.
gürerazes̨a = /ɟyjɛlað̞ɛˈs:a/
"ui" is pronounced /oj/.
cluis = /ˈç̠ojs/
/h/ before a consonant becomes /x/.
uaxs̨a = /waˈx:sa/
Orally, Mayessa is somewhat cumbersome. The following rules are used to simplify.
Verbal form "sitas̨a" ("it is") is shortened in "sta". It can only be written like this for an informal language, but it's always pronounced /ˈsta/. On the other hand, pronouncing /sita's:a/ or even /'stasa/ is VERY formal (you can also use it ironically).
The last vowel of a whole sentence will likely be removed (it can also be removed if it's not needed).
The relative pronoun "öm" is pronounced /m/ if right after a vowel.
"güvüqma öm" = /ˈɟyʋyçmam/
Conjugations affixes can be reversed phonogically (metathesis).
"mataes̨a" = /amtɛjˈs:a/
The language is also very flexible when it comes to shortening words by cutting through syllables. Pay attention to the simplification of that sentence from very formal to informal speech.
"I can't even get from here to there without a boat."
Süüom nakvafas̨a xüsen̨u xüvisene soagorgovhe (very formal) = /ˈsy:om nakʋafaˈs:a hysɛˈn:u ˈhyʋisɛnɛ ˈswaɰoɾoʋjɛ/
Süüom nakvafas̨a xüsen̨u xüvisene soagorgovhe (informal) = /ˈsy:om nakfaˈs:a hysɛˈn:u ˈhyʋisnɛ ˈswaɰɾoʋjɛ/
The next examples mean "I wanted" and "I didn't want". In the negative form, /ɾɟ/ becomes /ɾ/, then the second /ɾ/ becomes /l/. Finally, /ɾj/ becomes /j/ !
Ghorasa - /ˈɟjoɾasa/
Gürghorasa - /ˈɟylolasa/