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Vakajao Syntax
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This public article was written by Harlie Jean, and last updated on 8 Nov 2019, 05:22.

[comments] Menu 1. Word Order 2. Negation 3. Questions
?FYI...
This article is a work in progress! Check back later in case any changes have occurred.
[top]Word Order

The word order for  Vakajao is generally OAuxSV. This is loose and normally used for formal writings. In day to day speech a loose OSV is maintained with object and subject being marked.
Because the object and subject are marked word order is less of a concern sentences are free to morph a bit and change order. An example of this can bee seen in this sentence.

ruar
when
aenja
1First person (person)
speaker, signer, etc; I
-ACCAccusative (case)
TRANS direct object; patient
bu
be
baeshoye
2Second person (person)
addressee (you)
-NOMNominative (case)
TRANS subject, INTR argument
-PLPlural (number)
more than one/few
pua
see
jaun
again

When I am seen by you all again
It can be rearranged and still keep it's meaning. An example can bee seen here.

baeshoye
2Second person (person)
addressee (you)
-NOMNominative (case)
TRANS subject, INTR argument
-PLPlural (number)
more than one/few
pua
see
aenja
1First person (person)
speaker, signer, etc; I
-ACCAccusative (case)
TRANS direct object; patient
bu
be
ruar
when
jaun
again

you all seen I am when again
Both are correct and send the same meaning.

[top]Negation

Negation is handled through a suffix attached to the main verb. An example:

aenja
1First person (person)
speaker, signer, etc; I
-ACCAccusative (case)
TRANS direct object; patient
bu
be
baesho
2Second person (person)
addressee (you)
-NOMNominative (case)
TRANS subject, INTR argument
pua
see

I am seen by you
aenja
1First person (person)
speaker, signer, etc; I
-ACCAccusative (case)
TRANS direct object; patient
bu
be
baesho
2Second person (person)
addressee (you)
-NOMNominative (case)
TRANS subject, INTR argument
puasun
see-NEGNegative (polarity)
not

I am not seen by you


[top]Questions

Questions are marked at the start of the clause with the particle Sha.

sha
QInterrogative
question
jor
how
bu
be
baesho?
2Second person (person)
addressee (you)
-NOMNominative (case)
TRANS subject, INTR argument

How are you?



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