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Words in English that are Phrases in Arusian and Vice Versa
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This public article was written by [Deactivated User], and last updated on 7 Dec 2020, 04:57.

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13. Word Order ? ?
Profession in Arusian: Some notable words in English are small sentences (phrases) in Arusian. In fact, speakers of Arusian (like me) don't often use single words for "teacher", "king" or "police officer" but instead would say, "he enforces the law" or "she teaches" in place of "police man" or "teacher." Profession is a bit weird in Arusian. Examples below...

. soP rAcP us .
IPA: /su pkejaː pos/
gloss: 3SThird person singular (person)
neither speaker nor addressee
force.VBZVerbaliser
converts N, ADJ etc into verb
law.ADJAdjectival
syntactic

Translation: He/she enforces law.
Meaning: Police officer

. soP rAcP At .
IPA: /tei pkejaː pos/
gloss: 2SSecond person singular (person)
addressee (you)
force.VBZVerbaliser
converts N, ADJ etc into verb
law.ADJAdjectival
syntactic

Translation: you enforce law.
Meaning: you are a police officer

. anF rled us .
IPA: /su dɛlɜ fna /
gloss: 3SThird person singular (person)
neither speaker nor addressee
rule.VBZVerbaliser
converts N, ADJ etc into verb
country
Translation: He/she rules the country.
Meaning: King/Queen of the country

. rled ul .
IPA: /lu dɛlɜ /
gloss: 1SFirst person singular (person)
speaker, signer, etc.; I
rule.VBZVerbaliser
converts N, ADJ etc into verb

Translation: I rule.
Meaning: I am king (this can also mean, "I am strong" depending on the context).

. suP u rled us .
IPA: /su dɛlɜ u pus /
gloss: 3SThird person singular (person)
neither speaker nor addressee
rule.VBZVerbaliser
converts N, ADJAdjectival
syntactic
etc into verb
COPCopula
used to link the subject of a sentence with a predicate
here.ADJAdjectival
syntactic

Translation: The king is here.

. suP rled us .
IPA: /su dɛlɜ pus /
gloss: 3SThird person singular (person)
neither speaker nor addressee
rule.VBZVerbaliser
converts N, ADJ etc into verb
here.ADVAdverbial
e.g. English '-ly'

Translation: He/She rules here.

Language: Speakers of Arusian in place of saying, "I speak English" would say something more like, "I English-talk" or "I speak Englishly" . The language that is being spoken is used as a verb. Examples below...

. rmed Agna ul .
IPA: /lu angei dɛmɜ/
gloss: 1SFirst person singular (person)
speaker, signer, etc.; I
English-talk.VBZVerbaliser
converts N, ADJ etc into verb

Translation: I speak English.

. sAgna rmed ul .
IPA: /lu dɛmɜ angeis/
gloss: 1SFirst person singular (person)
speaker, signer, etc.; I
speak.VBZVerbaliser
converts N, ADJ etc into verb
English.ADJAdjectival
syntactic

Translation: I speak English.

. rmed narf us .
IPA: /su fɜɾan dɛmɜ/
gloss: 3SThird person singular (person)
neither speaker nor addressee
French-talk.VBZVerbaliser
converts N, ADJ etc into verb

Translation: He/She speaks French.

. rmed apse AP ul .
IPA: /lu ɛspa dɛmɜ/
gloss: 1PEFirst person plural exclusive (person)
we (exclusive)
Spanish-talk.VBZVerbaliser
converts N, ADJ etc into verb

Translation: We (non-inclusive) speak Spanish.

Types of government Speakers of Arusian in place of saying, "democracy" would say something more like, "the vote governs". Types of government are usually small phrases than single words (they are some words for governments that are not phrases but they are not as common. Examples below...

. anF narf rne u roP auv .
IPA: /vuwa poː winɜ fɜɾan fna/
gloss: vote govern.VBZVerbaliser
converts N, ADJ etc into verb
COPCopula
used to link the subject of a sentence with a predicate
inside.VBZVerbaliser
converts N, ADJ etc into verb
French-country
Translation: France is a democracy.

. anF Agna rne u roP led .
IPA: /dɛl poː winɜ angei fna/
gloss: power govern.VBZVerbaliser
converts N, ADJ etc into verb
COPCopula
used to link the subject of a sentence with a predicate
inside.VBZVerbaliser
converts N, ADJ etc into verb
English-country
Translation: England is a monarchy.

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