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Haxyakikan Verbs
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This public article was written by Ahzoh, and last updated on 24 Dec 2018, 19:33.

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5. Numbers
Menu 1. Inflectional Morphology 2. Derivational Morphology
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[top]Inflectional Morphology

Past RealisPast IrrealisNon-Past RealisNon-Past Irrealis
Indicative
VERB-a
yo-VERB-a
VERB-o
hō-VERB-o


[top]Derivational Morphology

Proto-Haxyakian uses a variety of infixes, suffixes, prefixes, and reduplication to derive new verbs from old ones.

Degree:
AspectMorphemeWordMeaning
Intensive -āsxíñāsto scrape with greater force than normal
Attenuative -ēnxíñēnto scrape with less force than normal

Temporal:
AspectMorphemeWordMeaning
Inceptive -VtíwVtto enter, to go in (<to begin being inside)
Durative -mō-ímōwto live somewhere, to inhabit (< to be inside for a while)
Cessative -VkíwVkto leave, to go out (< to stop being inside)

Other:
AspectMorphemeWordMeaning
Inversive tā-tāmát-to rest (< to not move)
Frequentative ka-kamát-to run around (< to move frequently)
Faultifier -ǧV-máǧVt-to trip over (< to move incorrectly)
Chaotizer -dVmádVt-to get lost, to trample (< to move chaotically, to destroy by moving)
Excessive C1V1-mamát-to tire out (< to move excessively)

Prepositional morphemes
These morphemes are used primarily with motion verbs. Using rùm "to move on a path (intr.)" as na example:
AspectMorphemeWordMeaning
High/Up/Over (motion in y-axis) ē-ērùm-to climb up, to ascend
Low/Down/Under (motion in y-axis) bā-bārùm-to climb down, to descend
Near/In/Toward (motion in x-axis) zo-zorùm-to come
Far/Out/Away (motion in x-axis) pu-purùm-to leave


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