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Glyphs in Senthra
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An introduction to Senthra's "alphabet"
This public article was written by [Deactivated User], and last updated on 16 Jul 2016, 17:35.

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Welcome to your first lesson in Senthra! Today, we'll learn the elements that make up Senthra's glyphs.

Name of LetterOriginPronunciation (not intervocalic/intervocalic)Remarks
s(S)sios (tree)a tree rotated 90°ɕ/ʑpronounced t͡ɕ after n (N)
l(L)las (desert)a flat surfacel̥/l
n(N)nin(food)a drumstick (meat on a bone), rotated 90°n̥/npronounced ŋ before kh (KH) and x (X)
m(M)moth (head)a person's headm̥/m
x(X)xakh (work)a hand grasping a toolkɕ/gʑ
kh(KH)khakh (give birth)a baby coming out of its mother, vastly simplifiedkʰ/kpronounced h before x (X) or kh (KH)
y(Y)yion (thing)a square object vastly simplifiedç/ʝmerges into c: with th (TH) after it
th(TH)thioth (leg)the two legs of a persontʰ/t
d(D)dethe Latin letter Ddreplaces sounds not in Senthra's inventory in loanwords
r(R)rekh (house)the slanted roof of a house, rotated 90°ɾ̥/ɾ
thr(THR)thrikh (fire)a fire's flame, rotated 90°t̪θɾ̥ʰ/t̪ɾ
khr(KHR)khrith (water)two raindrops, rotated 90°kxɾ̥ʰ/kɾ
e(E)earbitrarily chosenɜ
yo(YO)yoarbitrarily chosençɤ
i(I)iarbitrarily chosenɪ
a(A)aarbitrarily chosenə
o(O)oarbitrarily chosenɤ
u(U)uarbitrarily chosenɯ
io(IO)ioarbitrarily chosenɪə
y(Y)ychosen after the consonant Y that made the same sound in the olden daysɨ

(Note: Intervocalic consonants where the two vowels are in two different words can be pronounced in either way (ye yon -> çɜ ʝɤn̥ or çɜ çɤn̥). The IPA transcriptions don't reflect that, though.)

To form a syllable, the letter that starts the syllable is written at the bottom and lines are drawn to mark the syllable's vowel, as such:
se = se
syo = syo
si = si
sa = sa
so = so
su = su
sio = sio
sy = sy

If you've learned how to write vowels, adding the vowel markings to the syllable initial shouldn't be a problem.
From there on, just write the letter that the syllable ends in at the top, as such:

ses = ses
sel = sel
sekh = sekh
ser = ser

Compound words are usually hyphenated in transcription. Compound words usually contain full syllables (syllables with an initial and a final consonant as well), but not always! Observe:

thath-khrith = thath-khrith
yer-da = yer-da

In the case of grammatical morphemes, there might not be a syllable initial. Don't be afraid, though - these syllables are built up like every other one:

um = 'um
oth = 'oth
yl = 'yl

You may want to add an apostrophe in front of these to mark that they are grammatical morphemes. (Syllables with initials might also be grammatical morphemes and thus might need an apostrophe, but I won't ask you to mark full syllables with apostrophes in the test.)

And that's it! With this, you'll be able to read every syllable you come across!
Try reading these, for example:

thoth  
yil  
xas-yio  
as  
xyokh  
re  
khior-sum  
mus-yon  
thrar-theth-khen  
miokh-miokh-lu-yion  
yer-da-threth-rin-sin  

How many did you get right? Practice until you can recognize the letters in any position, then move along to the next lesson!
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