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Relative Clauses
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This private article was written by [Deactivated User], and last updated on 14 Apr 2023, 13:19.

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Menu 1. Subject Relative Clauses The strategies for forming relative clauses in Qgam Dzwo vary between subjects heads and predicate heads.

[edit] [top]Subject Relative Clauses

Relative clauses applied to subjects are internally headed by in situ referents, and also employ a gapping strategy involving the movement and subsequent nominalization of the the main auxiliary verb, a relativization strategy shared with  Hux Kham language; additionally, a relativizing auxiliary verb is typically added in the main auxiliary's original position.

Specifically, to form a relative clause, the main auxiliary is moved to immediate postverbal position and nominalised with the suffix -ta, while the gap left by the auxiliary is filled by the relative auxiliary çe.

This is all that is required when head noun is the head of the relative clause:

女了去
Knea wea arna.
[kneə weə ʌɻnʌ]
woman PSTPast (tense)
action occurred before moment of speech
leave.
The woman left.

女了宅㇉買
Knea wea tsa 'r ĝger.
[kneə weə tsʌɻ ŋgɛɻ]
woman PSTPast (tense)
action occurred before moment of speech
house DEFDefinite
"the"
buy
The woman bought the house.

女其去了乃宅㇉買
Knea çe arna wea-ta tsa 'r ĝger.
[kneə çɛ ʌɻnʌ weətʌ tsʌɻ ŋgɛɻ]
woman RELRelative.NOMNominative (case)
TRANS subject, INTR argument
leave PSTPast (tense)
action occurred before moment of speech
-NMLZUnknown code house DEFDefinite
"the"
buy
The woman who left bought the house.

When the head of the relative clause is the direct object, the noun is left bare, without the accusative marker am or the definite article ar:

女其宅買了乃大也
Knea çe tsa ĝger weata wam yaa.
[kneə çɛ tsʌ ŋgɛɻ weətʌ wʌm jæ:]
woman RELRelative.NOMNominative (case)
TRANS subject, INTR argument
house buy PSTPast (tense)
action occurred before moment of speech
-NMLZUnknown code big COPCopula
used to link the subject of a sentence with a predicate


In colloquial speech, the auxiliary çe may be dropped, while in southern dialects, its absence is standard.

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