cws
Greetings Guest
home > library > journal > view_article
« Back to Articles » Journal
Pronous and honorifics
1▲ 1 ▼ 0
This public article was written by Elunia, and last updated on 10 Dec 2020, 13:57.

[comments] Menu 1. Basic pronouns 2. Fifth person 3. Pronoun modifications 4. Pronouns as articles 5. Honorifics
?FYI...
This article is a work in progress! Check back later in case any changes have occurred.

[top]Basic pronouns

The basic personal pronouns are:
Person
1st Singularja ja
2nd Singularji ji
3rd Singularje je
5theni eni
1st Pluraljaa jaa/ jasl jasl
2nd Pluraljii jii/ jisl jisl
3rd Pluraljee jee/ jesl jesl


[top]Fifth person


5th person is a generic or indefinite person. For example:
sInlsu eni a u. Sinlsu eni a u. - It rains. (Gloss: rain 5Fifth person (person)
indefinite or generic; one, "they" say that
NOMNominative (case)
TRANS subject, INTR argument
PRESPresent tense (tense)
current
).

Also the 5th person is used for passive voice when there is no actor (if it is then if you want to emphasize the patient move him to the start):
nVå je nvjiså i eni a u. Nvå je nvjiså i eni a u. - "The book is taken" (Gloss: Take 3SThird person singular (person)
neither speaker nor addressee
book OBLOblique (argument)
indirect or demoted object
5Fifth person (person)
indefinite or generic; one, "they" say that
NOMNominative (case)
TRANS subject, INTR argument
).

nVå je nvjiså i ja a u. Nvå je nvjiså i ja a u. - "The book is taken by me" (Gloss: Take 3SThird person singular (person)
neither speaker nor addressee
book OBLOblique (argument)
indirect or demoted object
1SFirst person singular (person)
speaker, signer, etc.; I
NOMNominative (case)
TRANS subject, INTR argument
).

Also the 5th person is used instead of "someone"/"something":

nVåsjahi eni a je ësija nv ja i e. Nvåsjahi eni a je ësija nv ja i e. - "Someone stole my car. (Gloss: Steal 5Fifth person (person)
indefinite or generic; one, "they" say that
NOMNominative (case)
TRANS subject, INTR argument
3SThird person singular (person)
neither speaker nor addressee
car POSSGPossessed (case)
marks being owned
1SFirst person singular (person)
speaker, signer, etc.; I
OBLOblique (argument)
indirect or demoted object
PASTPast tense (tense)
action occurred before moment of speech
)

[top]Pronoun modifications

Personal pronouns also can have gender, animacity,
Example: Janja - 1S-FEM, Jenøhu - 3S-INANIM,

[top]Pronouns as articles


[top]Honorifics

The overall generalicity of Ekleya and need of respect provided the birth of large number of honorifics.
Most of the honorifics are created via adding the regular words after the personal pronoun.
The basic and the most popular: "jiji" - 2SG-respect.

WIP list of modifications for the 2nd person
EkleyaGlossMeaning
Jijijiji2S-respectYou
Jinujijinuji2S-MASC-respectSir
jinjajijinjaji2S-FEM-respectMa'am
Jihyjihy2S-bigyoung to old
Jinëjinë2S-smallold to young
Jisåjiså2S-knowAnalogue of japanese sensei
Jisjajisja2S-powerSir or madam
Jinuhjijinuhji2S-man-overGod
Jijahjijijahji2S-1S-overMaster (Host)
Jisjahjijisjahji2S-power-overThe greatest (often used as irony)
Jiyjajiyja2S-loveDear, love
Jinljinl2S-underlower-rank (often used for prisoners or slaves). Used to show the contempt.
jijejije2S-thisyou-it (curse: not even a human)
Jinønljinqnl2S-animal-underworse than animal (actually a curse).
Jihohjijihohji2S-death-overImmortal or hero.
Jiäjiä2S-headLeader
Jinuøjinuq2S-man-createCreator


Comments (2)
[link] [quote] 10-Dec-20 13:55
Calligraphy
Even when without meaning, text can be art.
 Elunia 
Added about the 5th person. Basically fourth person is someone absent at the moment of speech and the fifth is the general you or one or "They say that"
[link] [quote] 09-Dec-20 18:52
Conlanger
CWS Conlanger
 vsevuskav 
I like the honorifics!

A couple of questions: What happened to the fourth person? And what is the fifth person? (Sorry if you've already explained these elsewhere.)
privacy | FAQs | rules | statistics | graphs | donate | api (indev)
Viewing CWS in: English | Time now is 03-Aug-21 01:24 | Δt: 1178.9401ms