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Relative clause
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This public article was written by Admin Sheep, and last updated on 30 Aug 2015, 05:32.

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13. Pronouns
This article will explain the use of the relative clause typology parameters on CWS. The old "Relative clauses" parameter has been renamed "Relative clause morphology" and has had new options added to it. As many of these parameters are weird and/or confusing, this article will explain them!

Relative clause morphology

  • Relative particle
    Choose this option if your language uses a particle or affix to indicate a relative clause.
  • Relative pronoun
    Choose this option if your language uses a relative pronoun to indicate a relative clause.
  • Adjectival
    Choose this option if your language treats entire relative clauses as if they were adjectives or adjectivizes them.
  • Nominalized
    Choose this option if your language treats entire relative clause as if they were nouns or nominalizes them.


Noun-relative clause order

  • Noun first
    Choose this option if your language puts nouns before the relative clauses modifying them.
  • Relative clause first
    Choose this option if your language puts relative clauses before the nouns they modify.
  • Internally headed
    Choose this option if your language puts relative clauses around the nouns they modify. If English had internally headed relative clauses, you would end up with sentences like "I hit [the man was wearing a hat]" or "I went to [I love college]". The noun being modified is inside the relative clause instead of next to it.
  • Correlative
    Choose this option if your language puts relative clauses around the nouns they modify and leaves a pronoun or similar trace in the main clause. If English had correlative relative clauses, you would end up with sentences like "I hit him [the man was wearing a hat]" or "I went to it [I love college]".
  • Adjoined
    Choose this option if your language doesn't subordinate relative clauses to the nouns they modify. If English had adjoined relative clauses, you would end up with sentences like "I hit the man and [he was wearing a hat]" or "I went to college and [I love it]".
  • Double headed
    Choose this option if your language puts relative clauses before or after the nouns they modify and puts relative clauses around the nouns they modify. At the same time. If English had double headed relative clauses, you would end up with sentences like "I hit the man [the man was wearing a hat]" or "I went to college [I love college]". A bit verbose, but there is a natlang that does it (Kombai).


Relative clause head

  • Gapped
    Choose this option if your language's relative clauses have gaps where the nouns they modify would go. English can do this! "I hit the man [ wearing a hat]".
  • Relative pronoun
    Choose this option if your language's relative clauses have relative pronouns. Usually relative pronouns occurs at the beginning or end of their relative clauses. English can also do this! "I hit the man [who was wearing a hat]".
  • Pronoun retained
    Choose this option if your language's relative clauses have pronouns where the nouns they modify would go. If English did this, you would end up with sentences like "I hit the man [he was wearing a hat]" or "I went to college [I love it]".
  • Nonreduced
    Choose this option if your language's relative clauses don't reduce or remove the nouns they modify. If English did this, you would end up with sentences like "I hit the man [the man was wearing a hat]" or "I went to college [I love college]".
Comments (2)
[link] [quote] 04-Nov-15 13:58
ȦA Priori Conlangers
For those whose languages are as original as them!
 AlmightyBenn 
Extremely helpful!
[link] [quote] 05-Sep-15 10:41
ÄNatural Languages
For those who study natural languages - so probably everyone
 Jute [STAFF]
Can you please also provide examples for the morphologies? Thanks :)
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