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This public article was written by [Deactivated User], and last updated on 23 Jan 2019, 16:54.

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Verbs


Introduction

In the Modern Tongue, verbs are used to describe an action, a state or occurrence. All verbs are regular and are conjugated in accordance with mood, tense, and voice, and in agreement to person and number. There are three groups of verbs, classified by the inflecting endings "-er", "-or" and "-ur" of their infinitive forms.

Unlimited Mood

The unlimited mood is characterised by being non-conjugated forms of the verbs. Similarly to English, they are classified in the following way:

First Category
LanguageForm
InfinitivePast ParticiplePresent ParticipleGerund
Englishto bebeenbeingbeing
Modernserseírseársearn


Second Category
LanguageForm
InfinitivePast ParticiplePresent ParticipleGerund
Englishto gogonegoinggoing
Moderngorgoírgoárgoarn


Third Category
LanguageForm
InfinitivePast ParticiplePresent ParticipleGerund
Englishto do/makedone/madedoing/makingdoing/making
Moderndurduírduárduarn


Infinitive forms of verbs can be used as nouns. Sentences such as "de yrher sel göedve" can be interpreted as "laughing is good" or "to laugh is good", and the subject-object order can be reversed for poetic effect. Past participles are not interchangeable with adjectives, but can work in a similar way. "She is well-fed" can be translated as

Indicative Mood

This is the language's realis mood, used to describe what was, is, and will be.

Present
SubjectSERGORDUR
ME/MO/MAsemgomdum
TE/TO/TAsetgotdut
LE/LO/LA/STE/SLEselgoldul
ONEsellgolldull
MES/MOS/MASsemsgomsdums
NES/NOS/NASsensgonsduns
TES/TOS/TASsetsgotsduts
LES/LOS/LAS/STES/SLESselsgolsduls


Past
SubjectSERGORDUR
ME/MO/MAsebémgobómdubúm
TE/TO/TAsebétgobótdubút
LE/LO/LA/STE/SLEsebélgobóldubúl
ONEsebéllgobólldubúll
MES/MOS/MASsebémsgobómsdubúms
NES/NOS/NASsebénsgobónsdubúns
TES/TOS/TASsebétsgobótsdubúts
LES/LOS/LAS/STES/SLESsebélsgobólsdubúls


Future
SubjectSERGORDUR
ME/MO/MAserémgorómdurúm
TE/TO/TAserétgorótdurút
LE/LO/LA/STE/SLEserélgoróldurúl
ONEseréllgorólldurúll
MES/MOS/MASserémsgorómsdurúms
NES/NOS/NASserénsgorónsdurúns
TES/TOS/TASserétsgorótsdurúts
LES/LOS/LAS/STES/SLESserélsgorólsdurúls


Imperfect
SubjectSERGORDUR
ME/MO/MAsebiemgobiomdubium
TE/TO/TAsebietgobiotdubiut
LE/LO/LA/STE/SLEsebielgobioldubiul
ONEsebiellgobiolldubiull
MES/MOS/MASsebiemsgobiomsdubiums
NES/NOS/NASsebiensgobionsdubiuns
TES/TOS/TASsebietsgobiotsdubiuts
LES/LOS/LAS/STES/SLESsebielsgobiolsdubiuls


Imperfect
SubjectSERGORDUR
ME/MO/MAsebiemgobiomdubium
TE/TO/TAsebietgobiotdubiut
LE/LO/LA/STE/SLEsebielgobioldubiul
ONEsebiellgobiolldubiull
MES/MOS/MASsebiemsgobiomsdubiums
NES/NOS/NASsebiensgobionsdubiuns
TES/TOS/TASsebietsgobiotsdubiuts
LES/LOS/LAS/STES/SLESsebielsgobiolsdubiuls


Imperfect
SubjectSERGORDUR
ME/MO/MAsebiemgobiomdubium
TE/TO/TAsebietgobiotdubiut
LE/LO/LA/STE/SLEsebielgobioldubiul
ONEsebiellgobiolldubiull
MES/MOS/MASsebiemsgobiomsdubiums
NES/NOS/NASsebiensgobionsdubiuns
TES/TOS/TASsebietsgobiotsdubiuts
LES/LOS/LAS/STES/SLESsebielsgobiolsdubiuls


Conditional (would)
SubjectSERGORDUR
ME/MO/MAseriemgoriomdurium
TE/TO/TAserietgoriotduriut
LE/LO/LA/STE/SLEserielgoriolduriul
ONEseriellgoriollduriull
MES/MOS/MASseriemsgoriomsduriums
NES/NOS/NASseriensgorionsduriuns
TES/TOS/TASserietsgoriotsduriuts
LES/LOS/LAS/STES/SLESserielsgoriolsduriuls


Conditional (could)
SubjectSERGORDUR
ME/MO/MAsekriemgokriomdukrium
TE/TO/TAsekrietgokriotdukriut
LE/LO/LA/STE/SLEsekrielgokrioldukriul
ONEsekriellgokriolldukriull
MES/MOS/MASsekriemsgokriomsdukriums
NES/NOS/NASsekriensgokrionsdukriuns
TES/TOS/TASsekrietsgokriotsdukriuts
LES/LOS/LAS/STES/SLESsekrielsgokriolsdukriuls



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