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Grammatical features of cases
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Some special features of reckolian cases
This public article was written by [Deactivated User], and last updated on 31 Jul 2016, 11:59.

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1) Adjectives:

The agreement of adjectives is not as straightfoward as it may seem, and hereafter are some rules applying to them to show how useful and complex the adjectival declension system can be:

As you may have guessed by looking at their declension tables, adjectives do agree in case with the noun they refer to, so when said noun is in locative, the adjective also has to be in locative:

Naĉà lomoròn .The cat is under the table ---> Naĉà lomoròn làṡom. The cat is under the big table.

However this system can cause some ambiguity:

Naĉà òṡom lomoròn. The cat is under the far table ; Naĉà òṡa lomoròn. The far cat is under the table.

So, how could one say that the cat is far below the table ? To solve that problem, the comitative case is used regardless of the other agent's cases in the sentence, and the adjective is always placed right before the locative agent :

Naĉà òṡus lomoròn. The cat is far below the table.

2) Comparison:

When making a sentence using the pattern "1 is ADJ-er than 2", one must, in reckolian, build such a sentence as follows: "1-ABSAbsolutive (case)
TRANS object, INTR argument
ru-ADJ 2-DATDative (case)
indirect object; recipient, beneficiary, location
". Here is a simple example:

"Tables are bigger than cats" : Lòmor rulàṡar naĉàt. (table-ABSAbsolutive (case)
TRANS object, INTR argument
-PLPlural (number)
more than one/few
more-big cat-DATDative (case)
indirect object; recipient, beneficiary, location
-PLPlural (number)
more than one/few
.)

Note that the ABS->DAT->ADJ word order is fairly common, as it emphasises the adjective.

3) Time:

Four cases are used to express time :

-allative to express the time elapsed since a given moment, or the time elapsed between the event and a given moment posterior to it (expressed in dative):

Rò ḑìzah ruzìĉic. It was seven years ago.

Rò ḑìzah ruzìĉic ,sazĉòt hokòtir ùx. It was seven years before i was born.

-locative to express the time at a given moment:

-Sazìĉ õà ? -Namuho . When is it ? It's today

it is also used to express for how long the action have been ongoing (usually used with imperfective past):

Ùxa gòas põrnìma ḑìzam ruzìĉic. I have been cutting trees down for seven years.

(though genitive is used to tell the time of the day; that's because the word for "hour", which should be in locative, is omitted)

-Sazìĉ ? -Ḑìzus . What time is it? It's seven o'clock.

-ablative to express the time left before an event happens, or the time elapsed between the event and a given moment anterior to it (expressed in dative):

-Sazìĉ õà ? -Ḑìzak ruzìĉic (namùhoad). When will it be ? It'll be seven years from now.

-and instrumental to express the time it took to perform an action:

Ùxa goàs põrnìta ḑìzìm ruzìĉic. it took me seven years to cut the trees down.

Note that you don't have to worry about which form of ablative, locative and allative to use, as the units of times are always abstract nouns.

4) Numerals:

The declension of nouns when used with numerals lower than five is rather straightforward: the noun is declined according to its role in the sentence and the numeral agrees to it just like an adjective:

Rò nòx gòa. It is one tree. Rò jùnţu norìs nàĉac. This is one cat's food.

However, this changes a bit with numerals higher than one: while the numeral itself still agrees with the noun's role, the noun however always takes genitive: singular for nouns between two and four, and plural for any noun higher than four. As for its adjectives, things get even more complex: any adjective located before the noun keep its regular agreement with the noun's role, but any adjective located after the noun will agree with the special form of the noun and become genitive plural; this is related to the former reckolian counting system, which was in base 5:



Note that this rule applies to any number higher than one, not just a number ending with a numeral higher than one like in slavic languages.
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