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Xohian Lesson No. 1
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Learn about Xohian's phonology
This public article was written by [Deactivated User], and last updated on 23 Mar 2023, 17:50.

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Menu 1. Lesson No. 1: Phonology 2. Part 1: Consonants 3. Part 2: Vowels 4. Conclusion Hello, reader.
If you're reading this, then that means you want to learn about Xohian. If so, then let's begin.

[edit] [top]Lesson No. 1: Phonology

The first thing you need to know about Xohian is its phonology. Just make sure you can pronounce some of these phonemes.
NOTE: Although Xohian mainly uses a conscript, I'll be using the transliterated version of it for easier readability.
Fun fact: Three of these phonemes were added as I was writing this lesson (two on 22/03/2023, one on 23/03/2023)

[edit] [top]Part 1: Consonants

Xohian has 29 consonant phonemes, those being:

/m/ m - like m in English "mother"
/n/ n - like n in English "nose"
/ŋ/ ŋ - like ng in English "sing"
/p/ p - like p in English "pet"
/b/ b - like b in English "broom"
/t/ t - like t in English "tea"
/d/ d - like d in English "drum"
/k/ k - like k in English "kill"
/ɡ/ g - like g in English "good"
/q/ q - like ق in Modern Standard Arabic "قط (qiṭṭ)"
/ɸ/ ṗ - like ff in English "pfft"
/β/ ḃ - like ⲃ in Bohairic Coptic "ⲧⲱⲃⲓ (tōbi)"
/θ/ ṫ - like th in English "thing"
/ð/ ḋ - like th in English "this"
/x/ x - like х in Russian "хорошо (khorosho)"
/ħ/ ẋ - like ح in Arabic "ح‍ال (ḥal)"
/h/ h - like h in English "hat"
/t͡s/ c - like צ in Hebrew "ציפור (tzipor)"
/d͡z/ z - like ц in Russian "плацдарм (placdarm)"
/t͡ʃ/ ċ - like ch in English "chat"
/d͡ʒ/ ż - like j in English "jump"
/t͡ɬ/ ț - like tl in Nahuatl "Nahuatl"
/l/ l - like ל in Hebrew "למה (lama)"
/ɮ/ ł - like л in Mongolian "монгол (mongol)"
/ɹ/ ṙ - like ر in Persian "فارسی (farsi)"
/j/ j - like y in English "yes"
/w/ w - like w in English "way"
/r/ r - like ρ in Standard Greek "άρτος (ártos)"
/ǁ/ : - like x in Xhosa "xoxa"

[edit] [top]Part 2: Vowels

Xohian has 14 vowels, each having a short and long variant. Those are:

/i/ í, /iː/ ī́ - like י in Hebrew "חשיבה (khashiva)" and ee in English "free" respectively
/y/ ý, /yː/ ȳ́ - like u in French "tu" and y in Norwegian "syd" respectively
/u/ ú, /uː/ ū́ - like oo in Australian English "book" and General American English "boot" respectively
/ɪ/ i, /ɪː/ ī - like i in Welsh English "bit" and Icelandic "vinur" respectively
/ʏ/ y, /ʏː/ ȳ - like y in Norwegian "nytt" and u in New Zealand English "nurse" respectively
/ʊ/ u, /ʊː/ ū - like oo in General American "hook" and us in Murcian Spanish "tus" respectively
/e/ é, /eː/ ḗ - like e in Australian English "bed" and Hindi "के (ke)" respectively
/o/ ó, /oː/ ṓ - like eau in French "réseau" and o in Norwegian "lov" respectively
/ə/ ə, /əː/ ə̄ - like i in Standard Afrikaans "lig" and... uh, well this is unusual. I looked through Wikipedia, and no language listed has an example for /əː/. UHHHHHHHHHHH-
/ɛ/ e, /ɛː/ ē - like e in General American "bed" and the first e in Italian "bene" respectively
/ɔ/ o, /ɔː/ ō - like o in Australian English "not" and ough in General American English "thought" respectively
/a/ á, /aː/ ā́ - like a in General Australian English "hat" and New Zealand English "bra" respectively
/ä/ ȧ, /äː/ ā̇ - like a in Central Standard Swedish "bank" and the first a in Lithuanian "ratas" respectively
/ɑ/ a, /ɑː/ ā - like o in General American English "hot" and a in Cockney English "bath" respectively

[edit] [top]Conclusion

So now that you've learned the phonology of Xohian, and by extension, its transliteration, you can now read Xohian words! But how do you formulate a sentence? That will be saved for Lesson No. 2. So until then, this has been :óher, signing out.

Oh, and in case you were wondering what the three sounds in the fun fact were, they are /q/, /ɹ/, and /ə/.
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