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langian [LGN]
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Typology Progressing 2,236 words langian
lanmü
[länmy]*
Registered by [Deactivated User] on 9 June 2016
Language type A priori
Species Human/humanoid
About langian A language from the same setting as  Standard Norel and  Proto-Taso-Venotien. The country this language is spoken in borders the Norelno Federation (although the two are separated by a mountain range). The original (and still majority) population of this region is a different species from the speakers of either other language and amphibious but... I'm too lazy to consider different phonological systems for all of these languages, so they're stuck with human language sounds.

Some features of langian:
uses classifiers and declines them instead of its nouns
requires auxiliaries and places most of the inflection on them instead of the verb
a base 16 counting system (when counting things on their hands, speakers of this language use a binary system using four digits on each hand)
Sample of langian[view] ĺañnos sueŕ ŕańlib / je isloa nossan ĺoz / ĺieŕ ĺosroi siźsan ŕua / zen imhau giüñ degañ / tüle rezŕu ĺañńe nü hau tiüwiŕs ĺaigañ / je tüñzsan / je hiunsen / je nossan / -- / ni loa ŕüńe, ni loa teñ luŕ / soŕ hau liüŕzou zereź diavnos / sam ńuañ juñen, źig rag jamgañ / ve hau ŕuńŕin, weńe ebañ / ni loa ŕüńe, ni loa teñ luŕ / ni zehau tüĺiŕ zi loa b...[view all texts]
Latest vocabulary
ńeńlüadjinformative
ńeńńeninformation
ńeńĺamninformant
Phonology
ConsonantsBilabialAlveolarPost-
Alveolar
RetroflexPalatalLabio-
velar
Uvular
Nasal m n   ɳ     ɴ
Plosive [p]1 b [t]2 d   [ʈ]3 ɖ     [q]4 ɢ
Fricative [ɸ]5 β [s]6 z [ʃ]7 ʒ [ʂ]8 ʐ     [χ]9 ʁ
Lateral approximant   l   ɭ      
Approximant       ɻ j w  
Flap   ɾ          
  1. b_ , β_, allophone of /b/
  2. d_ , z_, allophone of /d/
  3. ɖ_ , ʐ_, allophone of /ɖ/
  4. ɢ_ , ʁ_, allophone of /ɢ/
  5. b_ , β_, allophone of /β/
  6. d_ , z_, allophone of /z/
  7. ʃ_, allophone of /ʒ/
  8. ɖ_ , ʐ_, allophone of /ʐ/
  9. ɢ_ , ʁ_, allophone of /ʁ/
VowelsFrontNear-
front
CentralBack
Close i y     ɯ [u]1
Near-close   [ɪ]2    
Close-mid       ɤ [o]3
Open-mid ɛ   [ɜ]4  
Open [a]5   ä [ɑ]6
Polyphthongs ɑo ɜu ia ɯɪ ɤa ɯa
  1. before or after retroflex consonants, allophone of /ɯ/
  2. C_C, allophone of /i/
  3. before or after retroflex consonants, allophone of /ɤ/
  4. after uvular or retroflex consonants, allophone of /ɛ/
  5. after labial or alveolar consonants, allophone of /ä/
  6. after uvular consonants, allophone of /ä/
Syllable Structure(C)V(V)(nasal, stop, or ŕ)(fricative)
Orthography
Below is the orthography for langian. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 langianOrthography [edit]
a/ä/b/b/d/d/e/ɛ/g/ɢ/h/ʁ/i/i/j/j/ĺ/ɭ/
l/l/m/m/ń/ɳ/n/n/ñ/ɴ/o/ɤ/r/ɾ/ŕ/ɻ/s/z/
t/ɖ/u/ɯ/ü/y/v/β/w/w/z/ʒ/ź/ʐ/
✖ Unknown alphabetical order [change]
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    Typological information for langian

    Base counting systemHexadecimal (16)
    Number of nominal casesOne case
    Number of pronominal casesEight cases or more
    Primary word orderSOV

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