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Sarian [SXH]
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Typology Functional 1,710 words
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Sarian
sxarihe
[sxaˈɾi:]
Registered by [Deactivated User] on 16 April 2019
Language type A priori
Species Human/humanoid
About Sarian


This summary is out of date.


 Sarian (sxarihe [sxaˈɾiː]) is an a priori conlang.

It is written with 23 letters of the Latin alphabet with the addition of <á é í ó ú ś ý>. Spelling is phonemic and largely faithful to pronunciation, with a few regular exceptions. Stress is not necessarily fixed, but usually stays on the root of the word regardless of affixes. Stress is usually unmarked, but may be marked with a simple acute accent in longer words to facilitate reading.

Sarian is agglutinative language with ergative alignment and commonly features grammatical affixes for negativity, person, tense, mode and case. Sarian has no definiteness, animacy or gender. Sarian has seventeen cases (or postpositional suffixes). It also commonly features the compounding of multiple nouns which can produce long words.

Its primary order is SOV, although word order may be fluid, with the one rule that the inflected verb must always be placed at the end of a clause. Relating to this, subordinate clauses appear before the main clause.
Sample of Sarian[view] Isxotaś tikítaś hinaki sxó, adie sxadí aśun rekajen aukere. Runihe nekuter darihe nekuter helihe fakere, nekuter jusirihe fakere, jeki zerutílisto fakeris. Jeki sxaní fuotut aśafuotuten. Tuoses najane, onda isxotaśiko. Od kevúre, sxotásamo nakere.[view all texts]
Latest vocabulary
suzativdiscredit
zativdoubt
jaseśatnamalgam
Language family relationships
Language treeIsolates
 ⤷ Isolate languages
  ⤷ Proto-Sarian
   ⤷  Sarian
[view] About IsolatesThis is a family for isolate languages.
Phonology
ConsonantsBilabialLabio-
dental
AlveolarPost-
Alveolar
PalatalVelarPharyngeal
Nasal m   n        
Plosive (p) (b)   t d     k (g)  
Fricative   f v s z ʃ   x ħ
Lateral approximant     l        
Approximant         j    
Trill     r        
VowelsFrontNear-
front
CentralBack
Close i i: [y]1 [y:]2   [ɨ]3 u u:
Near-close   [ɪ]4    
Mid e̞ e̞:   [ə]5 o̞ o̞:
Near-open     [ɐ]6  
Open a a:     [ɑ]7
  1. Archaic. Modern /i/, allophone of /i/
  2. Archaic. Modern /i:/, allophone of /i:/
  3. allophone of /i/
  4. allophone of /e̞/
  5. allophone of /e̞/
  6. allophone of /a/
  7. allophone of /a/
Orthography
Below is the orthography for Sarian. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 SarianOrthography
Áá
/a:/
Aa
/a/
Bb
be
/b/1
Dd
de
/d/
Ee
/e̞/
Éé
/e̞:/
Ff
efa
/f/
Gg
ge
/g/2
Hh
ha
/ħ/
Ii
/i/
Íí
/i:/
Jj
jota
/j/
Kk
ka
/k/
Ll
el
/l/
Mm
em
/m/
Nn
en
/n/
Óó
/o̞:/
Oo
/o̞/
Pp
pe
/p/3
Rr
era
/r/
Śś
eśa
/ʃ/
Ss
esa
/s/
Tt
te
/t/
Úú
/u:/
Uu
/u/
Vv
ve
/v/
Xx
xa
/x/
Ýý
[y:]4
Yy
[y]5
Zz
eza
/z/
✖ Unknown alphabetical order
  1. loan words only
  2. loan words only
  3. loan words only
  4. Archaic. Modern /i:/.
  5. Archaic. Modern /i/.
Latest 8 related articles listed below.
Sarian numerals
Including the correct use of cardinal and ordinal numerals
14-Jun-23 17:22
Noun suffixes in Sarian
Denoting possession and case
09-Jun-21 11:36
Typological information for Sarian

Inclusive/exclusive pronounsDistinct forms
Morphological typologyAgglutinative
Morphosyntactic alignmentErgative/Absolutive
Primary word orderSOV
Verb agreementSubject and object

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