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Tarumigarn [ACM]
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Tarumigarn
Tarumigarn
[taɻumigaɻn]*
Registered by [Deactivated User] on 3 October 2022
Language type A priori
Place & SpeakersTarumigarn is spoken in The Taruphone World.
Species Human/humanoid
About Tarumigarn
"!Tavadañgrapai, jawa, lekol Tarumigarnes!"

/taβadaŋgɻapai d͡ʒaʍa lekol taɻumiɣaɻnes/

"!Tava-dañg-rapa-i, jawa, lek-ol Tarumi-garn-es!"

good-come-GER-PL.NOM friend page-SG.DAT people-tongue-SG.GEN

"Welcome, friend, to the page about Tarumigarn!"




One of the languages spoken by the Ancient Human civilisation in my conworld. Although the Ancient Humans were just as linguistically diverse as Earth, Tarumigarn seems to have fulfilled the function of a global lingua franca. This grammar focuses on the standard, written language as spoken and written in the Information Age and Early Space Age.

Not very naturalistic, as the standard language was made from a hodgepodge of dialects and then enforced so harshly on linguistic minorities it makes the French seem tolerant. Luckily, this has eased up recently.


features:
-rhotics are all over the place in the different dialects, so much so that dialects are grouped based on how they pronounce Standard Tarumigarn /ɻ/
In U-dialects, ɻ is ʁ
In A-dialects, ɻ is ɹ
In T-dialects, ɻ is ʀ. There is 1 dialect that pronounces ɻ as r, and it is included in this group.
In F-dialects, ɻ is ɾ
dialects that keep ɻ as it is are C-dialects.
-Base-12 numbers (Ancient Humans have 6 fingers, the 6th being a 2nd opposable thumb)
-6 cases: Nominative, Accusative, Genitive, Dative, Locative & Instrumental-Comititative
-Japanese style pronouns/deictic classifiers.

Verbs conjugate for TAM only. 6 aspects, 6 moods, 6 tenses.

Goals:
Converb system, no adjectives as a distinct word class and a highly regular grammar that works in multiples of 3, with a special focus on 6, a sacred number in Tarumi religion. 'Adjectives' mostly behave as nouns ('blue' translates as 'blue thing', etc), although a few verb-like ones exist.
Sample of Tarumigarn[view] Sgen misu dorlog kàxej / Xuñ tajailsuxej ėdverej / Vantrii jawa atàlej / Pufė gaþesiàr / Yuk do misuėd bukic / Marxosemel kocolic / Kekriwì / Yuk vañet dumic / / Jalavnek / Sfak jawawì xuñic

When the light is running low / And the shadows start to grow / And the places that you know / Seem like fantasy / There's a light inside your soul / That’s still shining in the cold / With the truth / The promise in our hearts / / Don't forget / I'm with you in the dark
[view all texts]
Latest vocabulary
panadvnow
ìfneonsecret
jalaneknsilence
Language family relationships
Language treeTarric
 ⤷ Proto-Tarric
  ⤷ Proto-Dekallik
   ⤷ Proto-South Dekallic
    ⤷ Archaic Tarumigarn
     ⤷ Classical Tarumigarn
      ⤷ Old Tarumigarn
       ⤷ Imperial Tarumigarn
        ⤷  Tarumigarn
[view] About TarricFamily which Tarumigarn belongs to.
Common features:
-base-12 numbers
-large case systems (Tarumigarn is the outlier in having reduced many cases)
-adjectives are usually just nouns that are treated as adjectives through juxtaposition
[edit] [view] Tawmìgan (Colonial)Spoken in a country colonised by AHP speakers in its history.
-r is only preserved word-initally
-x has become h
-Significant substrate from indigenous languages of this region, of which very little documentation has been found
-Much less importance placed on honorifics and formality, the system has completely broken down in some city subdialects.
-no t-glottalisation
-ʍ -> w
-Standard Colonial is A-dialect
[edit] [view] Permigornes Garn (Permigornic Register)Religious register used for the festivals and prayers of the god Permigorn
-reduplication fufills many grammatical functions
-/ai/ is used instead of /a/
-pronounces ɻ as r, but not included in the T-dialect group.
-spokenveryquickly
[edit] [view] Algorna Çjerna (Xaldenian)Dialect spoken on an archipelago
-Lost /x/
-/ç/ fetish
-/ɸ/ /β/ -> /f/ /v/
-/tɻ/ -> /t͡ʃ/
T-dialect
Phonology
ConsonantsBilabialDentalAlveolarPost-
Alveolar
RetroflexPalatalLabio-
velar
VelarGlottal
Nasal m   n         ŋ  
Plosive p b   t d         k g [ʔ]1
Fricative ɸ [ɸˀ]2 β [βˀ]3 θ [θˀ]4 s [sˀ]5 [z]6     ç [çˀ]7   x8 [ɣ]9  
Affricate     t͡s d͡ʒ          
Lateral approximant     l            
Approximant         ɻ j ʍ    
Blends gl ɸɻ ŋk kl sp bl ŋg çɻ
sm sʔɻ sl mp θs pl
θɻ sn sk ɸl st
  1. intervocalically, word-finally and before another consonant, allophone of /t/
  2. before t, allophone of /ɸ/
  3. before t
  4. before t
  5. before t
  6. allophone of /s/
  7. before t, allophone of /ç/
  8. has lenitied to /h/ in many dialects, some dialects lose it completely
  9. intervocalically, allophone of /g/
VowelsFrontNear-
front
CentralBack
Close i     u
Near-close   ɪ    
Close-mid e     o
Mid     ə  
Open a     ɑ
Polyphthongs ie ai ei
Orthography
Below is the orthography for Tarumigarn. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 TarumigarnOrthography [edit]
a
a
anan
/a/
b
b
ban
/b/
à
à
ànan
/ɑ/
ç
ç
çjan
/ç/
d
d
dan
/d/
e
e
ean
/e/
f
f
fan
/ɸ/
g
g
gan
/g/
x
x
xan
/x/1
c
c
can
/t͡s/
w
w
wan
/ʍ/
ė
ė
ėan
/ə/
ì
ì
ìan
/ɪ/
k
k
kan
/k/
i
i
ian
/i/
j
j
jan
/d͡ʒ/
l
l
lan
/l/
m
m
man
/m/
n
n
nan
/n/
o
o
oan
/o/
p
p
pan
/p/
r
r
ran
/ɻ/
s
s
san
/s/
t
t
tan
/t/, [ʔ]2
u
u
uan
/u/
v
v
van
/β/
þ
þ
þan
/θ/
y
y
yan
/j/
ñ
ñ
añan
/ŋ/
✔ Shown in correct order [change]
  1. has lenitied to /h/ in many dialects, some dialects lose it completely
  2. intervocalically, word-finally and before another consonant
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