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Proto-Asuranesian [ASN]
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Typology Progressing 949 words
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Proto-Asuranesian
Registered by Alcazar on 9 February 2017
+ shared with: Aktukut, YoruFeisu
Language type Proto-Conlang
Species Human/humanoid
About Proto-Asuranesian PAs is believed to have been spoken in West Nagu due to the presence of root words for marine things as well as jungle things.

Grammar:
  • Tripartite alignment with marked ergative and accusative, and unmarked intransitive which also functions as a dative.
  • Fairly free word order but preference for VAO and SV as semantically neutral.
  • Agglutinating with some synthetic and nonconcatenative features, notably productive reduplication for derivational and inflectional purposes, and apophony in the verbs to mark basic valency.
  • 7 cases: ergative, accusative, absolutive, genitive, allative, ablative, instrumental.
  • Singular, dual, paucal and plural numbers for nouns, and singular, dual and plural numbers for pronouns.
  • Two distinct stems for each pronoun split by case: a so-called relational stem and an oblique stem.
  • Two noun classes: Animate and Inanimate.
Sample of Proto-Asuranesian[view] uruʔúʟetlisxʷəx tontózgl tubátakn xʷen/xʷénofn!

May luck always be following you!
[view all texts]
Latest vocabulary
dloktárnmaggot
dloktárncaterpillar
babáktlncaterpillar
Language family relationships
Language treeAsuranesian
 ⤷  Early-Proto-Asuranesian
  ⤷  Proto-Asuranesian
[view] About AsuranesianAsuranesian is a family of languages spoken across the Asura Ocean, Nagu (where the family is believed to have originated) and around the edge of Upper Boroso.
Phonology
ConsonantsBilabialLabio-
dental
AlveolarPalatalVelarGlottal
Nasal m   n   ŋ (ŋʷ)1  
Plosive p b   t d   k kʷ g ʔ
Fricative   (f)2 s sʷ3 z zʷ4   x xʷ (ɣ)5 (ɣʷ)6 h
Lateral approximant     l   ʟ  
Approximant       j7    
Trill     r      
  1. Only attested in some branches
  2. Marginal, most likely a bilabial [ɸ]
  3. Usually reconstructed now as either dental [θ(ʷ)] or lateral [ɬ(ʷ)]
  4. Usually reconstructed now as either dental [ð(ʷ)] or lateral [ɮ(ʷ)]
  5. Only attested in some branches
  6. Only attested in some branches
  7. Variously reconstructed as any of [j], [ç], [ʝ], [ʃ], [ʒ], [ɕ] or [ʑ]
VowelsFrontCentralBack
Close i í y1 ý   u ú
Mid e̞ é̞ ə ə́ o̞ ó̞
Open a á    
  1. Variously reconstructed as a front vowel [y] or central vowel [ɨ] or [ʉ]
Orthography
Below is the orthography for Proto-Asuranesian. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 Proto-AsuranesianOrthography
ʔ/ʔ/a/a/á/á/b/b/d/d/e/e̞/é/é̞/ə/ə/ə́/ə́/f/f/1
g/g/h/h/i/i/í/í/j/j/2k/k//kʷ/l/l/ʟ/ʟ/m/m/
n/n/ŋ/ŋ/ŋʷ/ŋʷ/3o/o̞/ó/ó̞/p/p/r/r/, /ɣ/4/ɣʷ/5s/s//sʷ/6
t/t/u/u/ú/ú/x/x//xʷ/y/y/7ý/ý/z/z//zʷ/8
✔ Shown in correct order
  1. Marginal, most likely a bilabial [ɸ], loan words only
  2. Variously reconstructed as any of [j], [ç], [ʝ], [ʃ], [ʒ], [ɕ] or [ʑ]
  3. Only attested in some branches, loan words only
  4. Only attested in some branches, loan words only
  5. Only attested in some branches, loan words only
  6. Usually reconstructed now as either dental [θ(ʷ)] or lateral [ɬ(ʷ)]
  7. Variously reconstructed as a front vowel [y] or central vowel [ɨ] or [ʉ]
  8. Usually reconstructed now as either dental [ð(ʷ)] or lateral [ɮ(ʷ)]
Latest 8 related articles listed below.
Phonology 05-Feb-21 03:53
Verbs 01-Feb-21 17:15
Nominals
How nouns and pronouns worked in PAS
19-May-19 13:11
Typological information for Proto-Asuranesian

Noun numbersOther
Morphological typologyAgglutinative
Morphosyntactic alignmentTripartite
Number of nominal casesSeven cases
Primary word orderNo set order

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