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Basu Mana [BBA]
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Typology New 244 words Basu Mana
Basu Basu Muina
[basu basu mɨna]*
Registered by miles on 13 July 2016
Language type Proto-Conlang
Species Human/humanoid
About Basu Mana was originally its own conlang, demoted to proto-language after revisions

changed sept '16: vowel harmony is primarily front/back & secondarily focuses on vowel height, no longer assimilates roundedness
no vowels in hiatus; lots of digraphs for ease of use on phone
reduplicative plurals
separate word marker for the paucal?
verbal morphology much more agglutinative than nominal morphology
VSO or SVO order probably? TBD
multiple articles, definite articles co-occur with demonstratives
gender distinction in the 1st person, nowhere else
extensive vowel harmony along the criteria of front-back and round-unround
13 consonants & 12 vowels

i haven't worked on anything morphosyntactic yet other than verbal agreement that would work well with most possibilitie; this one is a good candidate for ergativity

some "historical" notes:
high tone is caused by historic final glottal stop
nasalization is caused by historic final nasal stop; this is why a syllable cannot be nasalized and have a high tone. additionally, nasalization caused vowels to lower.
long vowels are often caused by historic final fricatives (which went S > h > ∅), but many are also underlying; this is why length does co-occur with nasalization and tone.
high tones can occur before the final consonants <n, m, ng>, indicating something like *ta'nge > táng

digraph translation:

an e before the base letter fronts it
an i after the base letter unrounds it
a u after the base letter rounds it
diacritics are always placed only on the base letter (the a in eau /œ/, the o in oi /ə/).

this system was chosen entirely for its legibility in practice.

conceptual metaphors:
DISCOURSE IS A RIVER/conversations are water
- the conversation takes turns/bends
- people who like debates are fish
- "swimming with" a group is arguing alongside them
- think on this one some more
Sample of Basu Mana[view] Miyyeosi fáng.

I am 2 cats.
[view all texts]
Latest vocabulary
Language family relationships
Language treeBasuic
 ⤷  Basu Mana
Nasal m n       ŋ  
Plosive p b t d       k  
Fricative ɸ s [ʃ]1       h2
Affricate     [t͡ʃ]3 [d͡ʒ]4        
Lateral flap   ɺ          
Approximant       j w    
  1. allophone of /s/
  2. does not occur before /u y ø o/
  3. allophone of /t/
  4. allophone of /d/
Close i í y ý ɨ ɨ́ u ú
Close-mid e é ø ǿ ɘ ɘ́ o ó
Open-mid ɛ ɛ̃ ɛ́ œ œ̃ œ́   ɔ ɔ̃ ɔ́
Open a ã á    
Below is the orthography for Basu Mana. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 Basu ManaOrthography
Aa/a/AU au/ɔ/Áá/á/ÁU áu/ɔ́/Ãã/ã/ÃU ãu/ɔ̃/Éé/é/Íí/í/Óó/ó/ÓI ói/ɘ́/Úú/ú/
ÚI úi/ɨ́/Bb/b/Dd/d/, [d͡ʒ]Ee/e/EA ea/ɛ/EAU eau/œ/EÁ eá/ɛ́/EÁU eáu/œ́/Eà eã/ɛ̃/EÃU eãu/œ̃/EÓ eó/ǿ/
EÚ eú/ý/EO eo/ø/EU eu/y/Ff/ɸ/Hh/h/1Ii/i/Kk/k/Mm/m/Nn/n/NG ng/ŋ/Oo/o/
OI oi/ɘ/Pp/p/Rr/ɺ/Ss/s/, [ʃ]Tt/t/, [t͡ʃ]Uu/u/UI ui/ɨ/Ww/w/Yy/j/
✖ Unknown alphabetical order
  1. does not occur before /u y ø o/
Latest 8 related articles listed below.
Basu > Baso 20-Oct-16 19:29
(Old Version) Basu > Baso
sound changes btwn old & new Basu Basu
20-Oct-16 08:28
Typological information for Basu Mana

Valence decreasing voicesAntipassive only
Verb agreementSubject only

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