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Catralian (Undergoing Rework) [CATR]
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Typology On hold 459 words
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Catralian (Undergoing Rework)
Cātralus
[ka:tralus]*
Registered by [Deactivated User] on 21 April 2020
+ shared with: [Deactivated User]
Language type A priori
Species Human/humanoid
About Catralian (Undergoing Rework) Cātralus was the language of the Cātran Empire, spanning much of the South-Western and Central Šandula. Its descendants are now spoken in various countries and cities throughout Šandula, and by a very small minority in London. Cātralus, and its descendants, is written with a derivative of the Kaleršan script.
Note: The type of Cātralus represented here is the modern literary dialect.

Features

> Fusionally Polysynthetic
=> Incorporates noun classifiers based on the class of the incorporated noun

> SOV Word Order

> 3 Pronominal Persons
=> 1 (speaker), 2 (listener), & 3 (neither speaker nor listener)

Poly-Personal Agreement
=> Subject & Both Objects

> 4 Grammatical Numbers
=> Singular (one of something), Dual (two of something), Trial (three of something), & Plural (more than three of something)

> 6 Classes
=> G1 (male adult humans), G2 (female adult humans), G3 (kinship, children, pets, and body parts), G4 (undomesticated animals), G5 (fire and water), & G6 (inanimates)

> 2 Tenses & 5 Moods
=> Past & Nonpast
=> Realis, Irrealis, Imperative, Interrogative, & Optative

> Aesthetically inspired by Latin
Sample of Catralian (Undergoing Rework)[view] Ran Lusārnōs Pēuttpēuttemnōs.

It is said that people dwell here.
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Latest vocabulary
Camiovsneak up on
Camiovsneak
Cavapproach
Language family relationships
Language treeCatran
 ⤷ Proto-Catran
  ⤷  Catralian (Undergoing Rework)
 
Phonology
ConsonantsBilabialLabio-
dental
DentalAlveolarPost-
Alveolar
PalatalLabio-
velar
VelarGlottal
Nasal m m̩     n n̩       [ŋ]1  
Plosive p p: b     t t: d       k k: g  
Fricative   f [v]2 [ð]3 s s:       [ɣ]4 [h]5
Affricate         [t͡ʃ]6 [t͡ʃ:]7 [d͡ʒ]8        
Lateral approximant       l          
Approximant           j w    
Trill       r          
  1. Before a velar consonant, allophone of /n/
  2. In between vowels, or in coda position, allophone of /b/
  3. In between vowels, or in coda position, allophone of /d/
  4. In between vowels, or in coda position, allophone of /g/
  5. In coda position after a long vowel, allophone of /s/
  6. Before front vowels, allophone of /k/
  7. Before long vowels, allophone of /k:/
  8. Before front vowels, allophone of /g/
VowelsFrontBack
Close i i: u u:
Close-mid e e: o o:
Open-mid [ɛ̃:]1 [ɛ̃]2 [ɔ̃:]3 [ɔ̃]4
Near-open [æ]5  
Open a a: [ɑ̃:]6 [ɑ̃]7
Polyphthongs [ən]8 [əm]9 ei̯: ei̯ eu̯: eu̯ au̯: au̯ ai̯: ai̯
  1. Before /n/, allophone of /e:/
  2. Before /n/, allophone of /e/
  3. Before /n/, allophone of /o:/
  4. Before /n/, allophone of /o/
  5. In free variation, allophone of /a/
  6. Before /n/, allophone of /a:/
  7. Before /n/, allophone of /a/
  8. In modern pronunciation, allophone of /n̩/
  9. In modern pronunciation, allophone of /m̩/
Syllable Structure(F)(C)(L)V(C)
F = A fricative
L = /w/, /l/ or /r/
Stress informationInitial
Orthography
Below is the orthography for Catralian (Undergoing Rework). This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 Catralian (Undergoing Rework)Orthography [edit]
-
-
//
a
a
A
/a/, [ɑ̃]1, [æ]2
ā
ā
A sūttus
/a:/, [ɑ̃:]3
ai
ai
Ai
/ai̯/
āi
āi
Ai sūttus
/ai̯:/
au
au
Au
/au̯/
āu
āu
Au sūttus
/au̯:/
b
b
Ba
/b/, [v]4
c
c
Ca
/k/, [t͡ʃ]5
cc
cc
Ca sūttus
/k:/, [t͡ʃ:]6
d
d
Da
/d/, [ð]7
ē
ē
E sūttus
/e:/, [ɛ̃:]8, [ɔ̃:]9
e
e
E
/e/, [ɛ̃]10
ei
ei
Ei
/ei̯/
ēi
ēi
Ei sūttus
/ei̯:/
ēu
ēu
Eu sūttus
/eu̯:/
eu
eu
Eu
/eu̯/
f
f
Fa
/f/
g
g
Ga
/g/, [ɣ]11, [d͡ʒ]12
ī
ī
I sūttus
/i:/
i
i
I
/i/
l
l
La
/l/
m
m
Ma
/m/, /m̩/, [əm]13
n
n
Na
/n/, /n̩/, [ən]14, [ŋ]15
ō
ō
O sūttus
/o:/
o
o
O
/o/, [ɔ̃]16
p
p
Pa
/p/
pp
pp
Pa sūttus
/p:/
r
r
Ra
/r/
s
s
Sa
/s/, [h]17
ss
ss
Sa sūttus
/s:/
t
t
Ta
/t/
tt
tt
Ta sūttus
/t:/
u
u
U
/u/
ū
ū
U sūttus
/u:/
w
w
Wa
/w/
y
y
Ya
/j/
✖ Unknown alphabetical order [change]
  1. Before /n/
  2. In free variation
  3. Before /n/
  4. In between vowels, or in coda position
  5. Before front vowels
  6. Before long vowels
  7. In between vowels, or in coda position
  8. Before /n/
  9. Before /n/
  10. Before /n/
  11. In between vowels, or in coda position
  12. Before front vowels
  13. In modern pronunciation
  14. In modern pronunciation
  15. Before a velar consonant
  16. Before /n/
  17. In coda position after a long vowel
Typological information for Catralian (Undergoing Rework)

Animacy distinctionsFive distinctions or more
Noun numbersSingular/Dual/Trial/Plural
Morphological typologyPolysynthetic
Morphosyntactic alignmentNominative/Accusative
Primary word orderNo set order

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