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Tsunem [CYU]
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Typology Progressing 1,198 words
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Tsunem
nibecyu
[nib̥et͡ɕu]
Registered by Hirundover on 11 October 2019
Language type Artistic Language (Artlang)
Place & SpeakersTsunem is spoken by a population of around 28,000,000 in Cuyundo.
Species Human/humanoid
About Tsunem
Development

Initially the idea for a language sprang from a live RPG game. One if the characters came from the country Tsunano and needed a basic cultural background. I sketched the language as part of that.

Later I teleported the country and language to an unidentified exoplanet, where I still imagine it to be. As the context of RPG had fallen away, the apriory language lost all constraints and to continue with it, I felt it necessary to look for a new context.

I'm just trying to clean up the current grammar and lexicon. No new translations are added a.t.m.
    Task List
  • Update article on verb conjugation
  • Update article on noun declension
  • Update article on pronouns
  • Update article on determiners
  • Update article on word formation
  • Add philological information to all word entries
  • Prune dictionary
  • Add grammar tables
Sample of Tsunem[view] Iivi opaldar zuvo iv-ugis vi ale' viyix ezidi' pu'-pavor ledryi' nyita nyut-paqor

I cautiously give the dangerous man my father's money at the predetermined square in front of the church.
[view all texts]
Latest vocabulary
kutuurvshelter
vibcarvdemarcate
vibicarvdraw a circle
Language family relationships
Language treeCiye
 ⤷ Proto-Ciye
  ⤷ Old-Tsunem
   ⤷  Tsunem
[view] About CiyeThe Ciye language family consists of three main languages: the classical Tsunem language, it predecessor Epic Tsunem and its descendant the Rekhish language.
[view] jin cyuu (Jin Tsunem)It mainly features a retroflex series of consonants in stead of the palatal series. In addition, voiced plosives are not reduced to nasals at the beginning of a word.
Phonology
ConsonantsBilabialLabio-
dental
AlveolarAlveolo-
palatal
PalatalVelar
Nasal [m]1   [n]2     [ŋ]3
Plosive     cʰʲ ɟ̥ʲ
Fricative   [f]4 [s]5 z [ɕ]6 ʑ [ʑ̃]7   [x]8 ɣ̞
Affricate     t͡s d͡z t͡ɕ d͡ʑ    
Lateral approximant     l      
Approximant   ʋ [ɹ]9   j [j̃]10  
Blends [ɹ͡ʑ]11 k͡ɕ g͡ʑ
  1. allophone of /b̥/
  2. allophone of /d̥/
  3. allophone of /g̥/
  4. allophone of /pʰ/
  5. allophone of /tʰ/
  6. allophone of /cʰʲ/
  7. allophone of /ɟ̥ʲ/
  8. allophone of /kʰ/
  9. allophone of /z/
  10. allophone of /ɟ̥ʲ/
  11. allophone of /ʑ/
VowelsFrontNear-
front
Back
Close i [i:]1 [y:]2   u [ũ̞]3
Near-close   [ɪ̃:]4 [ɪ̃]5 [ʏ̃:]6  
Close-mid e [e:]7 [ø:]8   o [õ̞]9
Open [ã̝:]10 [a̝:]11 [ã̝]12 [ɶ̝̃:]13   ɑ [ɑ̃:]14 [ɑ̃]
  1. allophone of /i/
  2. allophone of /u/
  3. allophone of /u/
  4. allophone of /i/
  5. allophone of /i/
  6. allophone of /u/
  7. allophone of /e/
  8. allophone of /o/
  9. allophone of /o/
  10. allophone of /e/
  11. allophone of /ɑ/
  12. allophone of /e/
  13. allophone of /o/
  14. allophone of /ɑ/
Syllable StructureEach part of the syllable only allows a subset the consonantal inventory which makes sound change inevitable. At the highest level the syllable is divided into an onset (O) and a rhyme (R), which can each be divided into three parts. The onset can have an initial cononant (I). This may be followed by a medial (M) or glide (G). The onset cannot be empty; if the initial consonant is h, it may be deleted however. The rhyme has an obligatory nucleus (N) and an optional glide (G) and final consonants (F). See "Phonology and Phonotactics"
Stress informationLexical stress is purely tonal, independent of vowel length, and generally realized as a high tone, e.g.: /zépʰɑcʲʰɑɹ/. The actual tone depends on various factors such as the prosodic stress, the context and the speaker, the options usually being: high or low and rising or falling for more emphasis. For this reason stress is simply marked with the short IPA stroke /ˈzepʰɑcʲʰɑɹ/ If the phonemes /o/ and /e/ lose their stress, for morphological reasons, they change to /ɑ/.

Although largely predictable, stress is actually phonemic because it can be the only distinguishing feature between parts of speech. Each word can have one stressed syllable only, and only on the word stem, i.e. not on affixes. In verbs, adjective and adverbs the stress falls on the first stem vowel, in nouns, pronouns and numerals it falls on the second vowel. In compounds the stress falls on the head word. A number of short words, mostly determiners, have no stress.
Orthography
Below is the orthography for Tsunem. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 TsunemOrthography
Kk
Ka
/kʰ/
Xx
[x]
Gg
Ga
/g̥/
Ng ng
[ŋ]
Qq
Qa
/ɣ̞/
Oo
/o/
Cc
Ca
/cʰʲ/
Sy sy
[ɕ]
Jj
Ja
/ɟ̥ʲ/
Ny ny
[ʑ̃]
Zy zy
Zya
/ʑ/
Ry ry
[ɹ͡ʑ]
Yy
Ya
/j/
Ii
/i/
Tt
Ta
/tʰ/
Ss
[s]
Dd
Da
/d̥/
Nn
[n]
Zz
Za
/z/
Rr
[ɹ]
Ll
La
/l/
Ee
/e/
Pp
Pa
/pʰ/
Ff
[f]
Bb
Ba
/b̥/
Mm
[m]
Vv
Va
/ʋ/
Uu
/u/
Aa
/ɑ/
'
A'
/̃/
✔ Shown in correct order
    Latest 8 related articles listed below.
    Verb Conjugation
    This article gives a summary of verb endings in Tsunem.
    22-Jun-21 22:06
    Noun Declension
    Declension is one of two ways that words inflect in Tsunem. ...
    22-Jun-21 20:06
    PhoMo Codes
    These are some of the codes I use to make the grammar tables
    04-Feb-21 10:11
    Tsunem: Typology and Forms
    This is a short overview of the Tsunem grammar to guide furt...
    27-Jan-21 17:21
    Dictionary Manual and Abbreviations
    This is a short guide to dictionary entries and abbreviation...
    21-Jan-21 22:51
    Numerals and Numbers
    Tsunems counting is sexagesimal with base numerals 1 till 60...
    27-Nov-20 22:03
    Pronouns
    The formation and declension of pronouns and some associate ...
    17-Nov-20 21:27
    Phonology and Phonotactics
    Tsunem has around 33 consonants of which only 15 contrast, a...
    24-Feb-20 11:43
    Typological information for Tsunem

    Base counting systemSexagesimal (60)
    Noun numbersNo numbers
    Morphosyntactic alignmentErgative/Absolutive
    NasalsNo nasal phonemes
    Unmarked tenseNo tense

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