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Forest Eski [ESJ]
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Typology New 1,423 words
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Forest Eski
lüśe
[l̥yɕe̞]
Registered by Eski on 16 November 2017
Language type A priori
Place & SpeakersForest Eski is spoken in Eski.
Species Human/humanoid
About Forest Eski Forest Eski is an agglutinative tripartite language spoken in Eski.
Sample of Forest Eski[view] W̌üðə̈jś iśŋ́ijńś puŋëļan q xöqroļan pqéjkűjän ołoģún q bäźeģűn. Jɵnsmen ǰúw q mëqŧqɵŋksə̈ẅ penäjkűẅļä, ki jɵẅn büģeẃő ẅeȟjän.

All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
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Latest vocabulary
ŧočqonversion
ʒ́ozaadjfinished
říŋktüntraffic
Language family relationships
Language treeEskic
 ⤷  Proto-Eski
  ⤷ Core Eskic
   ⤷ Lysic
    ⤷  Forest Eski
 
Phonology
ConsonantsBilabialDentalAlveolarPost-
Alveolar
Alveolo-
palatal
PalatalLabio-
velar
VelarGlottalOther
Nasal [m̥]1 [m̥ʲ]2 m mʲ n̪ [n̪̥]3     [ȵ]4 [ȵ̥]5 ɲ [ɲ̻]6   ŋ ŋʷ [ŋ̥ʷ]7 ŋʲ [ŋ̥ʲ]8 [ŋ̥]9    
Plosive p pʼ pʲ b bʲ t̪ t̪ʼ     [ȶ]10 [ȶʼ]11 [ȡ]12 c cʼ ɟ   k kʼ g ʔ  
Fricative ɸ ɸʼ ɸʲ β βʲ θ θʼ θʲ ð ðʲ s sʼ z ʃ ʃʼ ʒ ɕ ɕʼ ʑ ç çʼ ʝ   x xʼ xʲ ɣ ɣʲ h hʲ [ɦ]13 [ɦʲ] ɧ
Affricate     t͡s t͡sʼ d͡z t͡ʃ t͡ʃʼ d͡ʒ t͡ɕ t͡ɕʼ d͡ʑ c͡ç c͡çʼ ɟʝ        
Lateral approximant     l [l̥]14   [ȴ]15 [ȴ̥]16 ʎ [ʎ̥]17       [ɫ]18
Lateral fricative     ɬ ɬʼ ɬʲ ɮ ɮʲ              
Approximant           j [j̥]19 ʍ ʍʲ w wʲ [ɰ]20 [ɰʲ]21   ɥ [ɥ̥]22
Trill     r rʲ r̥ʲ r̥              
Flap     [ɾ]23 [ɾʲ]24 [ɾ̥ʲ]25 [ɾ̥]26              
Blends ʑɟ ɕc ʃt̪ ʒd̪ ɥʎ
  1. allophone of /m/
  2. allophone of /mʲ/
  3. allophone of /n̪/
  4. allophone of /ɲ/
  5. allophone of /ɲ/
  6. allophone of /ɲ/
  7. allophone of /ŋʷ/
  8. allophone of /ŋʲ/
  9. allophone of /ŋ/
  10. allophone of /c/
  11. allophone of /cʼ/
  12. allophone of /ɟ/
  13. allophone of /h/
  14. allophone of /l/
  15. allophone of /ʎ/
  16. allophone of /ʎ/
  17. allophone of /ʎ/
  18. allophone of /l/
  19. allophone of /j/
  20. allophone of /ɣ/
  21. allophone of /ɣʲ/
  22. allophone of /ɥ/
  23. allophone of /r/
  24. allophone of /rʲ/
  25. allophone of /r̥ʲ/
  26. allophone of /r̥/
VowelsFrontCentralBack
Close i i: y y:   ɯ ɯ: u u:
Close-mid e̞: e̞ ø̞: ø̞   ɤ̞: ɤ̞ o̞: o̞
Mid   ə̟ ə̟: ə̠: ə̠  
Open-mid œ̞: œ̞    
Near-open æ æ:    
Open     ɑ̝: ɑ̝ ɒ̝: ɒ̝
Orthography
Below is the orthography for Forest Eski. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 Forest EskiOrthography
Aa
a
/ɑ̝/
A̋ a̋
/æ:/
Áá
á
/ɑ̝:/
Ää
ä
/æ/
¨WĻ ¨wļ
ẅļa̋
/ɥʎ/
Éé
é
/e̞:/
Ëë
ë
/ɤ̞/
Íí
í
/i:/
Ïï
ï
/ɯ/
Ðð
/ð/
Ð̹ ð̹
ð̹é
/ðʲ/
Óó
ó
/o̞:/
Öö
ö
/ø̞/
Ḩḩ
/hʲ/
Úú
ú
/u:/
Ẃẃ
ẃa
/wʲ/
Ẅẅ
ẅä
/ɥ/, [ɥ̥]
Ẑẑ
eẑe
/ʒd̪/
Üü
ü
/y/
Bb
/b/
B̹ b̹
b̹é
/bʲ/
Cc
/t͡s/
CQ cq
cqé
/t͡sʼ/
Ǧǧ
ǧé
/ɣ/, [ɰ]
Ǧ̹ ǧ̹
ǧ̹a
/ɣʲ/, [ɰʲ]
Ǩǩ
/x/
Ǩ̹ ǩ̹
ǩ̹é
/xʲ/
ǨQ ǩq
ǩqé
/xʼ/
Ǯǯ
/d͡ʒ/
ǰ
ǰé
/ʝ/
Dd
/d̪/
Ee
e
/e̞/
E̋ e̋
/ɤ̞:/
Ʒʒ
ʒé
/d͡z/
Ʒ́ ʒ́
ʒ́é
/d͡ʑ/
Əə
ə
/ə̠/
Ə́ ə́
ə́
/ə̠:/
Ə̈ ə̈
ə̈
/ə̟/
Ə̋ ə̋
ə̋
/ə̟:/
Ȟȟ
/ç/
ȞQ ȟq
ȟqé
/çʼ/
Ɵɵ
ɵ
/œ̞/
Ɵ́ ɵ́
ɵ́
/œ̞:/
Ɵ̈ ɵ̈
ɵ̈
/ɒ̝/
Ɵ̋ ɵ̋
ɵ̋
/ɒ̝:/
Ff
ef
/ɸ/
F̹ f̹
f̹é
/ɸʲ/
FQ fq
fqé
/ɸʼ/
Gg
/g/
Hh
/h/, [ɦ]
Ii
i
/i/
I̋ i̋
/ɯ:/
Jj
/j/, [j̥]
Kk
ek
/k/
KQ kq
kqé
/kʼ/
Ll
el
/l/, [l̥]
Mm
em
/m/, [m̥]
Ḿ ḿ
em
/mʲ/, [m̥ʲ]
Nn
en
/n̪/, [n̪̥]
Oo
o
/o̞/
Pp
/p/
Ṕ ṕ
ṕé
/pʲ/
PQ pq
pqé
/pʼ/
Qq
eqe
/ʔ/
Rr
er
/r/
Ss
es
/s/
SQ sq
sqé
/sʼ/
Tt
/t̪/
TQ tq
tqé
/t̪ʼ/
Uu
u
/u/
Vv
/β/
V́ v́
v́é
/βʲ/
Ww
wa
/w/
W̌ w̌
w̌a
/ʍ/
W̹̌ w̹̌
w̌a
/ʍʲ/
WĻ wļ
wļá
/wʎ/
Xx
/ɧ/
Zz
ze
/z/
Łł
łé
/ɮ/
Ł̹ ł̹
ł̹é
/ɮʲ/
Ńń
ńé
/ɲ/, [ȵ̥], [ɲ̻], [ȵ]
Ŋŋ
/ŋ/, [ŋ̥]
Ŋ́ ŋ́
ŋ́a
/ŋʲ/, [ŋ̥ʲ]
Ŋ̈ ŋ̈
ŋwé
/ŋʷ/, [ŋ̥ʷ]
Őő
ő
/ø̞:/
Ŕŕ
ŕé
/rʲ/
Řř
řé
/r̥/
Ř̹ ř̹
ř̹é
/r̥ʲ/
Śś
/ɕ/
ŚQ śq
śqé
/ɕʼ/
ŚĶ śķ
eśķe
/ɕc/
Ŝŝ
eŝe
/ʃt̪/
Šš
/ʃ/
ŠQ šq
šqé
/ʃʼ/
Ŧŧ
ŧé
/θ/
Ŧ̹ ŧ̹
ŧ̹é
/θʲ/
ŦQ ŧq
ŧqé
/θʼ/
Űű
ű
/y:/
Źź
źé
/ʑ/
ŹĢ źģ
eźģe
/ʑɟ/
Žž
žé
/ʒ/
Ćć
ćé
/t͡ɕ/
ĆQ ćq
ćqé
/t͡ɕʼ/
Čč
čé
/t͡ʃ/
ČQ čq
čqé
/t͡ʃʼ/
Ģģ
ģé
/ɟ/, [ȡ]
Ĥĥ
ĥé
/c͡ç/
ĤQ ĥq
ĥqé
/c͡çʼ/
Ĵĵ
ĵé
/ɟʝ/
Ķķ
/c/, [ȶ]
ĶQ ķq
ķqé
/cʼ/, [ȶʼ]
Ļļ
/ʎ/, [ȴ̥], [ʎ̥], [ȴ]
Ľľ
/ɬ/
Ľ̹ ľ̹
ľ̹é
/ɬʲ/
ĽQ ľq
ľqé
/ɬʼ/
✖ Unknown alphabetical order
    Typological information for Forest Eski

    Morphosyntactic alignmentTripartite
    Number of nominal casesEight cases or more
    Primary word orderSOV
    Pronoun numbersSingular/Dual/Trial/Plural
    Vowel harmonyFront-back

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