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Greater Osveraali [GOV]
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Typology Progressing 930 words
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Greater Osveraali
Ẹsvālï
[œsfɑ:lɪ]
Registered by Hastrica on 23 December 2018
+ shared with: Pynquee, Candles56, auctumnus, ultlang
Language type Proto-Conlang
Species Human/humanoid
About Greater Osveraali The common ancestor of Soral, Esaam, Thargian, Qotsian, Modern Standard Osveraali and Imperial Osveraali. Spoken in central and southern Atsiq roughly 2000 to 1500 years ago.

A work-in-progress grammar document can be found here: Greater Osveraali grammar.
Sample of Greater Osveraali[view] Dủš as. Togè, maij, ṭïh ńas. Dủš.

I am a dog. Not a human, cat or fish. A dog.
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Latest vocabulary
jiabgíncollection
jiabgíncollection of
jiabgínsheaf
Language family relationships
Language treeOsveraali
 ⤷  Proto-Osveraali
  ⤷  Greater Osveraali
[view] About OsveraaliThe Osveraali languages are native to the continent of Atsiq, where they account for more than ninety-five percent of speakers. Traits shared by most Osveraali languages include large vowel inventories, retroflex consonants, fusional suffixing morpho...
Phonology
ConsonantsBilabialLabio-
dental
DentalAlveolarPost-
Alveolar
RetroflexPalatalLabio-
velar
VelarUvularGlottalOther
Nasal m     n (nʲ)1         ŋ ɴ    
Plosive p (pʲ)2 b (bʲ)3     t (tʲ)4 d (dʲ)5         k (kʷ)6 (kʲ)7 g (gʷ)8 (gʲ)9 q ɢ ʔ  
Fricative   f v (vʲ)10 θ ð s (sʲ)11 z (zʲ)12 ʃ ʒ (ʂ)13 (ʐ)14 (ç)15 (ʝ)16   x ɣ χ ʁ h  
Affricate       t͡s d͡z t͡ʃ d͡ʒ (ʈʂ)17 (ɖʐ)18            
Lateral approximant       l (lʲ)19   (ɭˠ)20 (ʎ)21   (ʟ)22 (ʟʷ)23     ɫ
Approximant       (ɹ)24 (ɹʷ)25 (ɹ:)26     j w        
Trill       (r)27 (rʲ)28           (ʀ)29    
Flap       (ɾ)30                
  1. Old Esaam
  2. Old Esaam
  3. Old Esaam
  4. Old Esaam
  5. Old Esaam
  6. Old Qotsian
  7. Old Esaam
  8. Old Qotsian
  9. Old Esaam
  10. Old Esaam
  11. Old Esaam
  12. Old Esaam
  13. Old Thargian
  14. Old Thargian
  15. Old Qotsian
  16. Old Qotsian
  17. Old Thargian
  18. Old Thargian
  19. Old Esaam
  20. Old Thargian
  21. Old Esaam
  22. Old Osveraali and Old Thargian
  23. Old Thargian
  24. Old Thargian
  25. Old Thargian
  26. Old Thargian
  27. Old Esaam
  28. Old Esaam
  29. Old Osveraali
  30. Old Esaam
VowelsFrontNear-
front
CentralNear-
back
Back
Close i i: (ĩ)1 y y:   (ɨ)2 ɨ: (ʉ)3   ɯ ɯ: u u: (ũ)4
Near-close   ɪ ʏ   ʊ  
Close-mid e e: (ẽ)5 ø ø:       ɤ ɤ: o o: (õ)6
Mid     ə    
Open-mid ɛ ɛ: œ œ:       ʌ ɔ
Near-open (æ)7   ɐ ɐ:    
Open a a: (ã)8       ɑ ɑ: (ɑ̃)9 ɒ (ɒ̃)10
Polyphthongs ɐɪ ɐʊ ɛɐ (ɐu)11 (ɐi)12 (ɐɛ)13 (ui)14
(uɑ)15 (ɑu)16 (ɑũ)17 (ea)18 (eã)19 (oɑ)20 (oɑ̃)21 (eu)22 (eo)23 (eõ)24 (ou)25 (ɤi)26 (ɯi)27 (ɑɯ)28
(ae)29 (əɪ)30 (iə)31 (uə)32 (əʊ)33 (ɛə)34 (oə)35 (ɛu)36
  1. Old Esaam
  2. Old Qotsian
  3. Old Qotsian
  4. Old Esaam
  5. Old Esaam
  6. Old Esaam
  7. Old Osveraali
  8. Old Esaam
  9. Old Esaam
  10. Old Esaam
  11. Old Osveraali and Old Qotsian
  12. Old Osveraali
  13. Old Osveraali
  14. Old Osveraali
  15. Old Esaam
  16. Old Esaam
  17. Old Esaam
  18. Old Esaam
  19. Old Esaam
  20. Old Esaam
  21. Old Esaam
  22. Old Esaam
  23. Old Esaam
  24. Old Esaam
  25. Old Esaam
  26. Old Esaam
  27. Old Esaam
  28. Old Esaam
  29. Old Esaam
  30. Old Thargian
  31. Old Thargian
  32. Old Thargian
  33. Old Thargian
  34. Old Thargian
  35. Old Thargian
  36. Old Qotsian
Orthography
Below is the orthography for Greater Osveraali. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 Greater OsveraaliOrthography
'/ʔ/a/ɐ/á/ɐ:/à/a/ȁ/a:/ä/ɑ/ā/ɑ:/ã/ã/1ă/æ/2/ɑ̃/3
ai/ɐɪ/au/ɐʊ//ɐɛ/4/ɐi/5/ɐu/6àè/ae/7ãũ/ɑũ/8äu/ɑu/9, /ɑɯ/10b/b/bj/bʲ/11
c/t͡s/č/t͡ʃ/d/d//ð/dj/dʲ/12e/ɛ/é/ɛ://œ//œ://ẽ/13
è/e/ȅ/e:/ë/ʌ/ea/ɛɐ/èa/ea/14èo/eo/15eu/eu/16/ɛə/17ẽã/eã/18ẽõ/eõ/19
f/f/g/g/ǵ/ɢ/gj/gʲ/20h/h/i/i/, /i/í/i://y//y:/ĩ/ĩ/21
ï/ɪ/ia/iɐ//iə/22j/j/k/k/kj/kʲ/23l/l//ɫ/ɭ/ɭˠ/24ƚ/ʟʷ/25
lj/lʲ/26ʎ/ʎ/27ʟ/ʟ/28m/m/n/n/ņ/ŋ/ń/ɴ/nj/nʲ/29o/o/, /o/ó/o:/
/ɤ//ɤ:/õ/õ/30ò/ɔ/ø/ø/ǿ/ø:/ơ/ɒ//ɒ̃/31oa/oɐ/ou/ou/32
õã/oɑ̃/33/oɑ/34/oə/35ọi/ɤi/36p/p/pj/pʲ/37q/q/r/ʁ/ŕ/r/38/ɣ/
ɹ/ɹ/39ɽ/ɹʷ/40ɾ/ɾ/41ʀ/ʀ/42ɹɹ/ɹ:/43ŕj/rʲ/44s/s/š/ʃ//ʂ/45ŝ/ʈʂ/46
sj/sʲ/47t/t//θ/tj/tʲ/48u/u/, /u/ú/u://ɯ//ɯ:/ũ/ũ/49ü/ʊ/
ua/uɐ/ui/ui//uɑ/50/ui/51/uə/52ụi/ɯi/53v/v/vj/vʲ/54w/w/x/χ/
/x/ý/ɨ:/ÿ/ʏ/z/z//ʐ/55ż/d͡z//ɖʐ/56zj/zʲ/57ʒ/ʒ/ǯ/d͡ʒ/
ə/ə/əï/əɪ/58əü/əʊ/59/ʉ/60ǧ/gʷ/61ǩ/kʷ/62/ɛu/63y/ɨ/64ĉ/ç/65ĵ/ʝ/66
✖ Unknown alphabetical order
  1. Old Esaam, loan words only
  2. Old Osveraali, loan words only
  3. Old Esaam, loan words only
  4. Old Osveraali, loan words only
  5. Old Osveraali, loan words only
  6. Old Osveraali and Old Qotsian, loan words only
  7. Old Esaam, loan words only
  8. Old Esaam, loan words only
  9. Old Esaam, loan words only
  10. Old Esaam, loan words only
  11. Old Esaam, loan words only
  12. Old Esaam, loan words only
  13. Old Esaam, loan words only
  14. Old Esaam, loan words only
  15. Old Esaam, loan words only
  16. Old Esaam, loan words only
  17. Old Thargian, loan words only
  18. Old Esaam, loan words only
  19. Old Esaam, loan words only
  20. Old Esaam, loan words only
  21. Old Esaam, loan words only
  22. Old Thargian, loan words only
  23. Old Esaam, loan words only
  24. Old Thargian, loan words only
  25. Old Thargian, loan words only
  26. Old Esaam, loan words only
  27. Old Esaam, loan words only
  28. Old Osveraali and Old Thargian, loan words only
  29. Old Esaam, loan words only
  30. Old Esaam, loan words only
  31. Old Esaam, loan words only
  32. Old Esaam, loan words only
  33. Old Esaam, loan words only
  34. Old Esaam, loan words only
  35. Old Thargian, loan words only
  36. Old Esaam, loan words only
  37. Old Esaam, loan words only
  38. Old Esaam, loan words only
  39. Old Thargian, loan words only
  40. Old Thargian, loan words only
  41. Old Esaam, loan words only
  42. Old Osveraali, loan words only
  43. Old Thargian, loan words only
  44. Old Esaam, loan words only
  45. Old Thargian, loan words only
  46. Old Thargian, loan words only
  47. Old Esaam, loan words only
  48. Old Esaam, loan words only
  49. Old Esaam, loan words only
  50. Old Esaam, loan words only
  51. Old Osveraali, loan words only
  52. Old Thargian, loan words only
  53. Old Esaam, loan words only
  54. Old Esaam, loan words only
  55. Old Thargian, loan words only
  56. Old Thargian, loan words only
  57. Old Esaam, loan words only
  58. Old Thargian, loan words only
  59. Old Thargian, loan words only
  60. Old Qotsian, loan words only
  61. Old Qotsian, loan words only
  62. Old Qotsian, loan words only
  63. Old Qotsian, loan words only
  64. Old Qotsian, loan words only
  65. Old Qotsian, loan words only
  66. Old Qotsian, loan words only
Latest 8 related articles listed below.
Greater Osveraali: conjugations
The three conjugations of Greater Osveraali
20-Jan-19 14:17
Typological information for Greater Osveraali

Adposition head-directionalityHead final
Morphological typologyFusional
Pronoun numbersSingular/Dual/Plural
Pronoun persons1st/2nd/3rd persons

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