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Hadraic [HADR]
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LotM Winner Typology Functional 3,137 words
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Hadraic
لشان احازرن
[lɪʃa:na a:ħa:zran]
Registered by litrobotix on 18 December 2018
Language type A posteriori
Place & SpeakersHadraic is spoken by a population of around 390,000 in the Arabian Peninsula.
Species Human/humanoid
About Hadraic
!هسُ سِفْرنّ مُقَيُّرْ لأنْيحَمِّدْ
Hәsu sifrәnnә muqayyur lә-ʾanyәḥammid!
hәsu sīr-әnnә mu-qa(yy)(u)r lә-ʾan-yә-ḥam(m)(i)d
[(h)әˈsu siˈfɾәn:ә muqaˈj:uɾ lәˈʔanjәˌħam:id]
May he who reads this page be praised!
3SMThird person singular masculine (person)
he
page-this.OBLOblique (argument)
indirect or demoted object
.SGSingular (number)
one countable entity
PCPParticiple
adjectival form of a verb
-read\IPFVImperfective (aspect)
'interrupted or incomplete'
VOLTVolitive (mood)
to wish for something
-PASSPassive voice (valency)
be verb-ed
-3SMThird person singular masculine (person)
he
-praise\IPFVImperfective (aspect)
'interrupted or incomplete'


Grammar V.4 WIP


I was looking into Semitic languages and decided to make one for myself. Hadraic (mostly) is derived from Proto-Semitic. Since it's currently a work in progress, features will be added to this section and this section will be updated.

Hadraic in one sentence: Mosh of Arabic and Hebrew with Ge'ez grammatical influence and Egyptian\Greek\Syriac borrowings.

Some interesting things about Hadraic:
- Most of the vocabulary is derived from Proto-Semitic, with borrowings from Arabic and Egyptian sprinkled into the mix.
- No tense, instead mood is used to mark time (kind of).
- No grammatical gender, unlike most Semitic languages (it lost it).
- Two cases, nominative and oblique, as well as singular, dual, and plural numbers, which have different forms depending on case.
- Decently complex verb system.
- Adjectives distinguished between static (non-changing) adjectives, like colors, shapes, and size, and non-static adjectives, like emotion.
- Stupid spirantization and consonant cluster simplification that obscures roots. Fun!

Sample of Hadraic[view] .ﷲ لا أأنّن

I do not believe in a god.
[view all texts]
Latest vocabulary
زركونيمnzirconium
يتريمnyttrium
ئتيربيمnytterbium
Sound samples in Hadraic
Some sound samples of Hadraic. Maximum of 6 shown. Click the links to see the full texts.
".كتّوڤ أنيقرّئ، "متي يوكري، اميّتا اأرصان بيزقّروه .كلّم: اأرصان لا بنزقّر .ئزرن: لا نپ...
A letter reads, "Once their safety is assured, the boys may wish to build a dirt man." Callum: We d...
أخ يعقوڤ، أخ يعقوڤ تشيّن؟ تشيّن؟ !اجارايس تحلاق! اجارايس تحلاق .دين، دون، دان. دين، دون، دان
Friar James, Friar James Are you sleeping? Are you sleeping? Sound the morning bells! Sound the mo...
"اكيك مي تملّخ ايومنو؟" ".حن، كرزيي كرزيي وكرزيي يويّ" "أيّ لهن تحبّب؟&qu...
"What pie have you got today?" "Well, there's cherry, cherry, and cherry." "What do you recommend?...
تقرّمن بييان لمي؟
Why are you nibbling my insides?
.أجتزدن مشباس
I killed them with a sword.
.لاكو شلام! لا أأمّر: لا شقايو كيشقّيو كل شوأ يليسو
Go in peace! I will not say: do not weep; for not all tears are an evil.
Language family relationships
Language treeSemitic
 ⤷ Proto-Semitic
  ⤷ West Semitic
   ⤷ Central Semitic
    ⤷  Hadraic
[view] About SemiticThe Semitic languages are a language family originating in the Near East whose living representatives are spoken by more than 470 million people across much of Western Asia, North Africa and the Horn of Africa, as well as in large expatriate communit...
[view] لشين اعتق (Ataqi)The predominant dialect in the Shabwah Governorate (Yemen).

Main differences:

- /q/ > [ʔ] (South)
- Loss of /q/ (North)
- /d͡ʒ/ > [ʒ]
- /l/ > [ɫ] when neighboring consonants /q, x, sˤ, tˤ/
- /k/ > [t͡s] before front vowels
- /a/ > [æ:] in non-emphatic environments
- Merging of /h/ and /ħ/
- No final consonant clusters, insertion of [ə]
[view] لشين انجران (Najrani)Najrani: نجرېن لشن (najrēn lšen)

Dialect of Hadraic spoken in the central southern part of the Saudi province of Najran, around 10 miles outside of Najran.

Main differences:

- /q/ > [g] in all circumstances
- /u(:)/ > [o(ˑ)] in stressed positions
- /a(:)j/ > [e] in all circumstances
- /a(:)w/ > [o] in all circumstances
- /a/ > [æ] in stressed positions
- /a(:)/ > [ɑ(ˑ)] in pharyngealized positions
- /a:/ > [eˑ] in stressed positions
- /a/ > [ә] in unstressed positions
- Syncope of [ɪ], /ә/
[view] لشين اشرورت (Sharori)Spoken near the town of Sharurah, in Saudi Arabia's Najran Province and in the east of the Yemeni Al Jawf governorate.

Main differences:

- /q/ > [ɣ]
- /d͡ʒ/ > [ɟ] (East)
- /d͡ʒ/ > [j] (West)
- Loss of /ʔ/ word initially and finally
- /u/ > [ʊ] in word initial/medial syllables (East)
- /u/ > [o̞] in word initial/medial syllables (West)
- /i/ > [ɪ] in word initial/medial syllables (East)
- /i/ > [e̞] in word initial/medial syllables (West)
Phonology
ConsonantsBilabialLabio-
dental
AlveolarPost-
Alveolar
PalatalLabio-
velar
VelarUvularPharyngealGlottal
Nasal m   n       [ŋ]1 [ɴ]2    
Plosive p b   t tˤ d       k g q   ʔ
Fricative   f v s sˤ z ʃ     x ɣ   ħ ʕ h
Affricate       t͡ʃ d͡ʒ            
Lateral approximant     l              
Approximant         j w        
Flap     ɾ              
  1. Before velar consonants, allophone of /n/
  2. Before uvular consonants, allophone of /n/
VowelsFrontNear-
front
CentralBack
Close i i:     u u:
Near-close   [ɪ]1    
Mid     ə  
Open a a:   [ä]2  
  1. In unstressed positions, allophone of /i/
  2. Before and after uvular consonants, allophone of /a/
Orthography
Below is the orthography for Hadraic. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 HadraicOrthography
أ
hәmza ʾarif
/ʔ/
ا
ʾarif
/a:/
ب
/b/
ج
jīm
/d͡ʒ/
د
dar
/d/
ه
/h/
و
wāw
/w/, /u:/
ز
zay
/z/
ح
ḥā
/ħ/
ط
ṭā
/tˤ/
ي
/j/, /i:/
ك
kaf
/k/
ل
lām
/l/
م
mīm
/m/
ن
nūn
/n/, [ŋ]1, [ɴ]2
س
sīn
/s/
ع
ʿayn
/ʕ/
ف
/f/
ص
ṣāt
/sˤ/
ق
qāf
/q/
ر
/ɾ/
ش
šīn
/ʃ/
ت
/t/
خ
ḫā
/x/
غ
ġayn
/ɣ/
چ
čā
/t͡ʃ/
ڤ
/v/
گ
gaf
/g/
پ
/p/
✔ Shown in correct order
  1. Before velar consonants
  2. Before uvular consonants
Latest 8 related articles listed below.
LotM - Mar 20: Hadraic
For March 2020, congratulations to litrobotix for Hadraic, a...
10-Mar-20 16:14
Hadraic Idioms
you are like an unopened canister of mustard gas
19-Feb-20 00:01
Najrani Hadraic
about a dialect of Hadraic
12-Feb-20 16:22
Hadraic Verb List
list of Hadraic verbs and their different meanings when used...
20-Jan-20 23:50
List of irregular Hadraic verbs
list of Hadraic verbs whose infinitive form is not standard
14-Jan-20 04:56
Why Reading Hadraic Sucks
this article’s purpose is to demonstrate how an abjad system...
19-Dec-19 03:52
Hadraic Nominal Morphology
simplified article about how Hadraic's nouns work (mostly)
09-Sep-19 18:07
Typological information for Hadraic

Noun numbersSingular/Dual/Plural
Morphological typologyFusional
Morphosyntactic alignmentNominative/Accusative
Number of nominal casesTwo cases
Primary word orderSOV

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