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Hituronish [HITRN]
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Typology Functional 1,549 words
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Hituronish
agnelara
[ɑɪ̯nɛlɑɾä]*
Registered by Lav on 28 March 2020
Language type Mixed
Place & SpeakersHituronish is spoken by a population of around 1,000,000 in Kingdom of Hituron.
Species Human/humanoid
About Hituronish
Hituronish 3.0

The reboot of its two previous versions, this time derived from a proto-conlang (more or less) and with almost no vocabulary stolen from natlangs. Almost.

Introduction and some features

Hituronish is spoken in my medieval-like fantasy conworld by a few millions people living in the kingdom of Hituron. I use it mainly to name places (towns, rivers, etc.) in my story I write. I guess you could also call it Ainish, taking into account the autonym.

Here are some features:
- four different word orders:
    - VSO – when subject is a pronoun
    - SVO – when a noun or proper noun is a subject
    - SOV – questions (with changed intonation)
    - VOS – happens in main clause when subordinate clause precedes the main one

- two tenses: non-past and past
- four cases: nominative, accusative, dative, genitive
- three genders: masculine, feminine, neuter

Pronunciation is probably slightly ood since I fucked up my phomo rules; dictionary may be slightly ood as well bcs i dont update it anymore here on cws.
Sample of Hituronish[view] Tjelta eg óf ðuppa, lei óf lázna.

I've come to dance, not to talk.
[view all texts]
Latest vocabulary
jeiyes
-enkaaffdiminutive
-eltaffagentive marker
Language family relationships
Language treeDamsetian
 ⤷ Proto-Damsetian
  ⤷ Late Proto-Damsetian
   ⤷ Proto-Lísanic
    ⤷ Old Lísan
     ⤷ Northern Old Lísan
      ⤷  Hituronish
[view] About DamsetianLanguages with scandinavian aesthetics spoken in my conworld. They are typical for their big vowel inventory, often with a bunch of allophones, and quite complex past tense conjugation.

BKE = before Keassa's Era
KE = Keassa's Era (lasted for 1258...
Phonology
ConsonantsBilabialLabio-
dental
DentalAlveolarPost-
Alveolar
RetroflexAlveolo-
palatal
PalatalLabio-
velar
VelarGlottal
Nasal m m:     n n: n̥       [ɲ]1 [ɲ̥]2   ŋ ŋ: ŋ̥  
Plosive p p: b b: [b̥]3     t t: d d: [d̥]4       [c]5 [ɟ]6   k k: g g:  
Fricative   f f: v v: θ ð7 s s: ʃ ʂ ɕ8 [ɕ:]9 ç [ʝ]10   [x]11 [ɣ]12 h
Affricate       [t͡s]13              
Lateral approximant       l14 l: l̥       [ʎ]15 [ʎ̥]16      
Approximant       [ɹ]17 [ɹ̥]18       j j̥ ʍ [w]19    
Trill       r20 r: r̥              
Flap       [ɾ]21 [ɾ̥]22              
Blends ks
  1. before /i:/, allophone of /n/
  2. before /i:/, allophone of /n̥/
  3. word-finally, allophone of /b/
  4. word-finally, allophone of /d/
  5. before /i:/, allophone of /t/
  6. before /i:/, allophone of /d/
  7. realised [j] before /t/
  8. often realised as /ç/
  9. allophone of /ç/
  10. allophone of /j/
  11. word-finally and before /t/, allophone of /g/
  12. before /d/, allophone of /g/
  13. tz /tθ/ > [t͡s], allophone of /t/
  14. word-finally realised [l̥]
  15. before /i:/, allophone of /l/
  16. before /i:/, allophone of /l̥/
  17. allophone of /r/
  18. allophone of /r̥/
  19. ɑ_C, allophone of /v/
  20. word-finally realised [r̥]
  21. between two same vowels, allophone of /r/
  22. allophone of /r̥/
VowelsFrontNear-
front
CentralNear-
back
Back
Close i: y:   [ɨ]1 ʉ   u:
Near-close   ɪ ʏ [ɪ̈:] [ʊ]2  
Close-mid e: ø:   [ɘ]3 [ɵ]4   o:
Open-mid ɛ5 œ   [ɞ]6   ɔ
Near-open æ        
Open     [ä]7   ɑ ɑ:
Polyphthongs ɛɪ̯ øʏ̯ [oɑ̯]8 [uo̯]9 [ʉu̯]10 [ʊi̯]11 [ʊɪ̯]12 [oʏ̯]13 [ɪe̯]14 aɪ̯
[ɪ̈ɘ̯]15 æɪ̯
  1. word-finally, allophone of /ɪ/
  2. allophone of /ʉ/
  3. word-final -ig, allophone of /ɪ/
  4. word-finally, allophone of /ʉ/
  5. realised [ə] in ultimate syllables and in monosyllabic words
  6. word-finally, allophone of /ɔ/
  7. word-finally, allophone of /ɑ/
  8. before geminates, allophone of /ɑ:/
  9. before geminates, allophone of /o:/
  10. before geminates, allophone of /u:/
  11. before geminates, allophone of /i:/
  12. before geminates, allophone of /y:/
  13. before geminates, allophone of /ø:/
  14. before geminates, allophone of /e:/
  15. before geminates, allophone of /ɪ̈:/
Orthography
Below is the orthography for Hituronish. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 HituronishOrthography
Aa/ɑ/, [ä]1Áá/ɑ:/, [oɑ̯]2Ää/æ/Bb/b/, [b̥]3Dd/d/, [ɟ]4, [d̥]5Ðð/ð/6Ee/ɛ/7, [ɘ]Éé/e:/, [ɪe̯]8Ff/f/Gg/g/, [x]9, [ɣ]10
Hh/h/Ii/ɪ/, [ɨ]11, [ɘ]12Íí/i:/, [ʊi̯]13Jj/j/Kk/k/Ll/l/14, [ʎ]15Mm/m/Nn/n/, [ɲ]16Oo/ɔ/, [ɞ]17Óó/o:/, [uo̯]18
Pp/p/Rr/r/19, [ɾ]20, [ɹ], [ɹ̥]Ss/s/SZ sz/ʃ/RS rs/ʂ/SKJ skj/ɕ/21KJ kj/ç/TJ tj/ç/Tt/t/, [c]22Uu/ʉ/, [ɵ]23, [ʊ]
Úú/u:/, [ʉu̯]24Vv/v/, [w]25Ww/v/Xx/ks/Yy/ʏ/Ýý/y:/, [ʊɪ̯]26Zz/θ/Øø/œ/Ǿǿ/ø:/, [oʏ̯]27
✔ Shown in correct order
  1. word-finally
  2. before geminates
  3. word-finally
  4. before /i:/
  5. word-finally
  6. realised [j] before /t/
  7. realised [ə] in ultimate syllables and in monosyllabic words
  8. before geminates
  9. word-finally and before /t/
  10. before /d/
  11. word-finally
  12. word-final -ig
  13. before geminates
  14. word-finally realised [l̥]
  15. before /i:/
  16. before /i:/
  17. word-finally
  18. before geminates
  19. word-finally realised [r̥]
  20. between two same vowels
  21. often realised as /ç/
  22. before /i:/
  23. word-finally
  24. before geminates
  25. ɑ_C
  26. before geminates
  27. before geminates
Typological information for Hituronish

GendersMasculine/Feminine/Neuter
Morphosyntactic alignmentNominative/Accusative
Number of nominal casesFour cases
Primary word orderOther

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