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Hituronish [HITRN]
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Typology Functional 1,546 words
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Hituronish
hituronisklara
[hɪtʉɾɔnɪsklɑɾä]*
Registered by Lav on 28 March 2020
Language type Mixed
Species Human/humanoid
About Hituronish
Hituronish 3.0

The reboot of its two previous versions, this time derived from a proto-conlang and with almost no vocabulary stolen from natlangs. Almost.

Introduction and some features

Hituronish is spoken in my medieval-like fantasy conworld by a few millions people and I use it mainly to name places (towns, rivers, etc.) in my story I write. It is related to  Ísmyrfalan, another language spoken there.

- four different word orders:
    - VSO – when subject is a pronoun
    - SVO – when a noun or proper noun is a subject
    - SOV – questions (with changed intonation)
    - VOS – happens in main clause when subordinate clause precedes the main one

- two tenses: non-past and past
- four cases: nominative, accusative, dative, genitive
- three genders: masculine, feminine, neuter

Pronunciation is ood since I fucked up my phomo rules.
Sample of Hituronish[view] Blir fol jótr veda szellin no zras vesin resastr aðt standr.

A man on a horse is spiritually as well as physically bigger than a man on foot.
[view all texts]
Latest vocabulary
skallnedge
mífeladjconnected
skallenlip
Language family relationships
Language treeLísiano-Kalkatrosan
 ⤷ Proto-Lísiano-Kalkatrosan
  ⤷ Proto-Lísian
   ⤷ Old Lísan
    ⤷ Northern
     ⤷  Hituronish
[view] About Lísiano-KalkatrosanLanguages with scandinavian aesthetics spoken in my conworld. They are typical for their big vowel inventory, often with a bunch of allophones, and quite complex past tense conjugation.
Phonology
ConsonantsBilabialLabio-
dental
DentalAlveolarPost-
Alveolar
RetroflexAlveolo-
palatal
PalatalLabio-
velar
VelarGlottal
Nasal m m:     n n: n̥       [ɲ]1 [ɲ̥]2   ŋ ŋ: ŋ̥  
Plosive p p: b b: [b̥]3     t t: d d: [d̥]4       [c]5 [ɟ]6   k7 k: g g: [g̥]8  
Fricative   f f: v v: θ ð9 s s: ʃ ʂ ɕ10 ç [ʝ]11   [x]12 [ɣ]13 h
Lateral approximant       l14 l: l̥       [ʎ]15 [ʎ̥]16      
Approximant   ʋ   [ɹ]17 [ɹ̥]18       j j̥ [w]19    
Trill       r20 r: r̥              
Flap       [ɾ]21 [ɾ̥]22              
Blends ks
  1. before /i:/, allophone of /n/
  2. before /i:/, allophone of /n̥/
  3. word-finally, allophone of /b/
  4. word-finally, allophone of /d/
  5. before /i:/, allophone of /t/
  6. before /i:/, allophone of /d/
  7. realised [t͡ʃ] before /ɪ ʏ/ when /s/ precedes
  8. word-finally, allophone of /g/
  9. realised [j] before /t/
  10. often realised as /ç/
  11. allophone of /j/
  12. word-finally and before /t/, allophone of /g/
  13. before /d/, allophone of /g/
  14. word-finally realised [l̥]
  15. before /i:/, allophone of /l/
  16. before /i:/, allophone of /l̥/
  17. allophone of /r/
  18. allophone of /r̥/
  19. ɑ_C, allophone of /v/
  20. word-finally realised [r̥]
  21. between two same vowels, allophone of /r/
  22. allophone of /r̥/
VowelsFrontNear-
front
CentralNear-
back
Back
Close i: y:   [ɨ]1 ʉ   u:
Near-close   ɪ ʏ [ɪ̈:] [ʊ]2  
Close-mid e: ø:   [ɘ]3 [ɵ]4   o:
Open-mid ɛ5 œ   [ɞ]6   ɔ
Near-open æ        
Open     [ä]7   ɑ ɑ:
Polyphthongs eɪ̯ ɛɪ̯ øʏ̯ [oɑ̯]8 [uo̯]9 [ʉu̯]10 [ʊi̯]11 [ʊɪ̯]12 [oʏ̯]13 [ɪe̯]14
aɪ̯ [ɪ̈ɘ̯]15
  1. word-finally, allophone of /ɪ/
  2. allophone of /ʉ/
  3. word-final -ig, allophone of /ɪ/
  4. word-finally, allophone of /ʉ/
  5. realised [ə] in ultimate syllables and in monosyllabic words
  6. word-finally, allophone of /ɔ/
  7. word-finally, allophone of /ɑ/
  8. before geminates, allophone of /ɑ:/
  9. before geminates, allophone of /o:/
  10. before geminates, allophone of /u:/
  11. before geminates, allophone of /i:/
  12. before geminates, allophone of /y:/
  13. before geminates, allophone of /ø:/
  14. before geminates, allophone of /e:/
  15. before geminates, allophone of /ɪ̈:/
Orthography
Below is the orthography for Hituronish. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 HituronishOrthography
Aa
Aa
/ɑ/, [ä]1
Áá
Áá
/ɑ:/, [oɑ̯]2
Ää
Ää
/æ/
Bb
Bb
/b/, [b̥]3
Dd
Dd
/d/, [ɟ]4, [d̥]5
Ðð
Ðð
/ð/6
Ee
Ee
/ɛ/7, [ɘ]
Éé
Éé
/e:/, [ɪe̯]8
Ff
Ff
/f/
Gg
Gg
/g/, [x]9, [ɣ]10, [g̥]11
Hh
Hh
/h/
Ii
Ii
/ɪ/, [ɨ]12, [ɘ]13
Íí
Íí
/i:/, [ʊi̯]14
Jj
Jj
/j/
Kk
Kk
/k/15
Ll
Ll
/l/16, [ʎ]17
Mm
Mm
/m/
Nn
Nn
/n/, [ɲ]18
Oo
Oo
/ɔ/, [ɞ]19
Óó
Óó
/o:/, [uo̯]20
Pp
Pp
/p/
Rr
Rr
/r/21, [ɾ]22, [ɹ], [ɹ̥]
Ss
Ss
/s/
SZ sz
SZ sz
/ʃ/
RS rs
RS rs
/ʂ/
SKJ skj
SKJ skj
/ɕ/23
KJ kj
KJ kj
/ç/
TJ tj
TJ tj
/ç/
Tt
Tt
/t/, [c]24
Uu
Uu
/ʉ/, [ɵ]25, [ʊ]
Úú
Úú
/u:/, [ʉu̯]26
Vv
Vv
/v/, [w]27
Ww
Ww
/v/
Xx
Xx
/ks/
Yy
Yy
/ʏ/
Ýý
Ýý
/y:/, [ʊɪ̯]28
Zz
Zz
/θ/
Øø
Øø
/œ/
Ǿǿ
Ǿǿ
/ø:/, [oʏ̯]29
✔ Shown in correct order
  1. word-finally
  2. before geminates
  3. word-finally
  4. before /i:/
  5. word-finally
  6. realised [j] before /t/
  7. realised [ə] in ultimate syllables and in monosyllabic words
  8. before geminates
  9. word-finally and before /t/
  10. before /d/
  11. word-finally
  12. word-finally
  13. word-final -ig
  14. before geminates
  15. realised [t͡ʃ] before /ɪ ʏ/ when /s/ precedes
  16. word-finally realised [l̥]
  17. before /i:/
  18. before /i:/
  19. word-finally
  20. before geminates
  21. word-finally realised [r̥]
  22. between two same vowels
  23. often realised as /ç/
  24. before /i:/
  25. word-finally
  26. before geminates
  27. ɑ_C
  28. before geminates
  29. before geminates
Typological information for Hituronish

GendersMasculine/Feminine/Neuter
Morphosyntactic alignmentNominative/Accusative
Number of nominal casesFour cases
Primary word orderOther

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