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Itimař [ITI]
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Typology New 225 words Itimař
Itimař
[ˌitiˈmarʲ]
Registered by salpfish on 6 March 2016
+ shared with: TheRealEineKatze, Cap1Banksy
Language type Proto-Conlang
Species Human/humanoid
About Itimař Proto-language to the Itimařic family, originating in the southeastern Miralayas roughly through 1300-1000 BCE. Diverges into three major dialect groups: Northern, Eastern, and Southern.

Itimař's notable phonological features include voiceless nasals, aspirated-voiceless-voiced stop distinctions, and unrounded back vowels. The grammar makes heavy use of suffixing and ablaut to form a highly agglutinating and fusional head-final system. Simple noun declension with five cases and various postpositional clitics. Verbs are complex and conjugate for person, number, animacy, tense, mood, and many voices, as well as aspect marking that is no longer productive.
Sample of Itimař[view] ri joriňa꞊i sɤsgiek ega fʌrkrum joront pʰɯrxik k꞊anretenk

The wind that swirls in me does not quell my fear.
[view all texts]
Latest vocabulary
-(u)mbɯmbeaffthird
-(u)mbɯmbeadjgreat
-(u)mbeaffsecond
Language family relationships
Language treeItimařic
 ⤷  Itimař
 
Phonology
ConsonantsBilabialLabio-
dental
AlveolarAlveolo-
palatal
PalatalVelar
Nasal m   n nʲ n̥ʲ n̥      
Plosive p pʰ b   t tʰ d     k kʰ
Fricative β̞ f s z ɕ ʑ ç x ɣ
Affricate     t͡s t͡sʰ d͡z t͡ɕ t͡ɕʰ d͡ʑ    
Approximant         j  
Trill     r rʲ      
VowelsFrontBack
Close i ɯ1 u
Close-mid e ɤ2 o
Open-mid ɛ ʌ3 ɔ
Open a  
  1. Only in stressed syllables, merges with /i/ when unstressed
  2. Only in stressed syllables, merges with /e/ when unstressed
  3. Only in stressed syllables, merges with /ɛ/ when unstressed
Orthography
Below is the orthography for Itimař. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 ItimařOrthography
Aa/a/Çç/ç/Bb/b/Cc/t͡s/Cʰ cʰ/t͡sʰ/Dd/d/Ee/e/Ʌʌ/ʌ/1Ʒʒ/d͡z/Ǯ ǯ/d͡ʑ/Ɔɔ/ɔ/
Ɛɛ/ɛ/ɤ/ɤ/2Ɯɯ/ɯ/3Ff/f/Gg/ɣ/Ii/i/Jj/j/Kk/k/Kʰ kʰ/kʰ/Mm/m/M̥ m̥/m̥/
Nn/n/N̥ n̥/n̥/Oo/o/Pp/p/Pʰ pʰ/pʰ/Rr/r/Ss/s/Tt/t/Tʰ tʰ/tʰ/Uu/u/Vv/β̞/
Xx/x/Zz/z/Ňň/nʲ/Ň̥ ň̥/n̥ʲ/Řř/rʲ/Šš/ɕ/Žž/ʑ/Čč/t͡ɕ/Čʰ čʰ/t͡ɕʰ/
✖ Unknown alphabetical order
  1. Only in stressed syllables, merges with /ɛ/ when unstressed
  2. Only in stressed syllables, merges with /e/ when unstressed
  3. Only in stressed syllables, merges with /i/ when unstressed
Typological information for Itimař

Primary word orderSOV
Number of nominal casesFive cases
Animacy distinctionsAnimate/Inanimate
Morphological typologyFusional
Morphosyntactic alignmentNominative/Accusative

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